Professor Sally BushellProfessor
My original research specialism is in nineteenth-century Literature (Romantic and Victorian) with a particular interest in spatial and material forms of interpretation. My traditional disciplinary expertise is in Wordsworth and in the study and interpretation of manuscripts. However, I am also interested in the Digital and Spatial Humanities and in new ways of understanding the spatial meaning of literary texts. Here I work in more interdisciplinary ways across the fields of literature, cartography and geography. I want to think about the relationship between mapping and reading for meaning-making and the ways in which cognitive mapping can help us understand literature anew. I am PI on two digital projects that explore such questions: Chronotopic Cartographies and Litcraft.
At Lancaster, I normally teach on the second year British Romanticism core course which runs for 22 weeks right across the year. In the third year I teach a number of specialist half unit courses drawing on my research expertise, including: "Victorian Popular Fiction" and "Where Do Poems Come From?" At graduate level I teach on the MA in Romantic and Victorian Studies with a module called "On Location in the Lakes" and one entitled "Place; Space; Text". I also supervise PhD projects on Romanticism, textual criticism and space and place in poetry.
Dr Sally Bushell PhD (Queens' College, Cambridge), BA (London), MA (York), MA (Lancaster), PGCE (Cambridge), is Professor of Romantic and Victorian Literature; Head of Department (2013-1018) and co-director of the Wordsworth Centre.
My major publications are: Re-Reading The Excursion (Ashgate, 2002); The Excursion ([co-edited] Cornell University Press, 2007); and Text as Process: Creative Composition in Wordsworth, Tennyson and Dickinson (University Press of Virginia, 2009); The Cambridge Companion to Lyrical Ballads (ed. 2019); Reading and Mappping Fiction: Spatialising the Literary Text (Cambridge, 2020); Romantic Cartographies (ed. 2020).
My research seeks to open up new modes of interpretation for the literary work by enlarging the focus of literary criticism from interpretation of semantic content onto comparative understanding of other aspects of the literary work in ways that not only illuminate traditional models but, potentially, re-determine them. I am also interested in future ways of reading and spatialising literature through the digital medium and am PI on a major (£900,000) AHRC project: “Creating a Chronotopic Ground for the Mapping of Literary Texts” (2017-2020) which enables the generation of a map or spatial visualisation out of the text itself for any work of literature (with or without real-world correspondence) and adapts gaming platforms to create new ways of reading literature in digital space that combine text and image in an iterative way.
Recent and Current postgraduate students:
Loren Cafferty, "Wordsworth and the Development of Moral Poetry." (MA by Research 2002-3).
David Cooper, "Norman Nicholson and the Poetics of Place and Space" (PhD. 2004-07).
Zoe Bolton, "Travel and Textuality: Representations of Place from Gray to Byron" (PhD 2005-09).
Andrew King, "Romantic Collections: Parts into Whole" (PhD 2008-2013)
Gordon Bottomley "Editing Joanna Hutchinson's Letters" (PhD 2011-)
Kate Ingle, "Personal Cartographies in Wordsworth, Lamb and Blake" (PhD 2012-)
Andrew Raven "Intertextuality in Process" (PhD 2013-)
PhD Supervision Interests
I am interested in receiving proposals from doctoral students in two main areas that form the focus of my own research. These are: explorations of draft materials and process in relation to Romantic and Victorian writers and poets; projects concerned with literary geography or literary mapping in the same period. I am also interested in digital projects centred on these same fields. More traditionally I am able to supervise projects on Romantic writers, particularly Wordsworth, or on the region of the Lake District.
Digital literary geography and the difficulties of locating 'Redgauntlet Country'
Donaldson, C.E., Bushell, S.C., Gregory, I.N., Rayson, P.E., Taylor, J.E. 30/11/2016 In: Studies in Scottish Literature. 42, 2, p. 174-183. 10 p.
Paratext or imagetext?: interpreting the fictional map
Bushell, S. 22/06/2016 In: Word and Image. 32, 2, p. 181-194. 14 p.
Mapping literature: spatialising the literary work
Bushell, S. 31/05/2016 In: Literary mapping in the digital age. Farnham : Ashgate ISBN: 9781472441300.
Mapping Victorian adventure fiction: silences, doublings, and the Ur-map in Treasure Island and King Solomon's Mines
Bushell, S. 3/02/2015 In: Victorian Studies. 57, 4, p. 611-637. 27 p.
Composition and revision
Bushell, S. 2015 In: William Wordsworth in context. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press ISBN: 9781107028418.
From "The Ruined Cottage" to The Excursion: revision as re-reading
Bushell, S. 2014 In: The Wordsworth Circle. XLV, 1, p. 75-83. 9 p.
The Slipperiness of Literary Maps: Critical Cartography and Literary Cartography
Bushell, S. 2012 In: Cartographica. 47, 3, p. 149-160. 12 p.
Teaching Romanticism in the Lakes
Bushell, S. 01/2010 In: Teaching romanticism. London : Palgrave Macmillan ISBN: 9780230224841, 9780230224858.
The mapping of meaning in Wordsworth's 'Michael' : textual place, textual space and spatialized speech acts.
Bushell, S. 2010 In: Studies in Romanticism. 49, 1, p. 43-78. 36 p.
The making of meaning in Wordsworth's home at Grasmere: speech acts, micro-analysis and 'Freudian Slips'
Bushell, S. 22/09/2009 In: Studies in Romanticism. 49, 3, p. 391-420. 30 p.
Text as process: creative composition in Wordsworth, Tennyson and Emily Dickinson
Bushell, S. 15/04/2009 Charlottesville, Virginia : University of Virginia Press. 302 p. ISBN: 9780813927749.
Cornell Edition: The Excursion by William Wordsworth.
Bushell, S.C., Butler, J., Jaye, M. 2007
From Goslar to Grasmere: Wordsworth's electronic manuscripts.
Bushell, S., Cowton, J., Light, R. 2007
Moods of my own mind : Wordsworth and the spontaneous.
Bushell, S. 2007 In: Charles Lamb Bulletin. N.S. 1, p. 122-133. 12 p.
Textual process and the denial of origins.
Bushell, S. 2007 In: Textual Cultures. 2, 2, p. 100-117. 18 p.
The Excursion by William Wordsworth.
Wordsworth, W., Bushell, S., Butler, J.A., Jaye, M.C. 2007 Ithaca, New York : Cornell University Press. 1226 p. ISBN: 978-0-8014-4653-5.
Making the reader active.
Bushell, S. 2006 In: Nineteenth Century Literary Criticism. 266
Teaching via genres and contexts.
Bushell, S. 03/2005 In: Living writers in the curriculum : a good practice guide. London : Higher Education Academy English Subject Centre p. 10-12. 3 p. ISBN: 0 902194 14 3.
Intention revisited : towards an Anglo-American genetic criticism.
Bushell, S. 2005 In: Text. 17, p. 55-91. 37 p.
Meaning in Dickinson's manuscripts : intending the unintentional.
Bushell, S. 2005 In: Emily Dickinson Journal. 14, 1, p. 24-61. 38 p.
Wordsworthian composition : the micro-prelude.
Bushell, S. 2005 In: Studies in Romanticism. 44, 3, p. 399-421. 23 p.
Bushell, S. 2004 In: English Subject Centre Newsletter. 7, p. 9-12. 4 p.
Wordsworth's Excursion : narrative memory and the 'Minds of Men'.
Bushell, S. 2004 In: Literature Compass. 1, 1
Reading below the surface : Wordsworth and a compositional method.
Bushell, S. 2003 In: The Wordsworth Circle. 34, 1, p. 9-13. 5 p.
Re-reading "The Excursion" : narrative, response and the Wordsworthian dramatic voice.
Bushell, S. 2002 Ashgate. 272 p. ISBN: 978-0754605768.
Retold tales and structured silences in The Excursion.
Bushell, S. 2002 In: Silence, Sublimity and Suppression in the Romantic Period. Edwin Mellen Press p. 211-226. 16 p. ISBN: 0-7734-7244-4.
[scripted and presented television programme] Wordsworth's spots of time
Bushell, S.C. 2002
Exempla in The Excursion : the purpose of the pastor's epitaphic tales.
Bushell, S. 1999 In: Charles Lamb Bulletin. n.s.10, p. 16-27. 12 p.
Creating a Chronotopic Ground for the Mapping of Literary Texts
01/10/2017 → 30/09/2020
Geospatial Innovations in the Digital Humanities: A Deep Map of the English Lake District
19/10/2015 → 19/10/2018
AHRC (External organisation)
Membership of committee
- Digital Humanities
- ISF Fellows 2019/20
- Literature, Space and Place
- Wordsworth Centre