CONTENT POLICIES IN SOCIAL MEDIA CRITICAL DISCOURSE STUDIES: THE INVISIBLE HAND OF SOCIAL MEDIA PROVIDERS? Pages 1-19
This paper complements theoretical and methodological considerations regarding social media in critical discourse studies as it addresses social media content policies as a key contextual element. Specifically, this paper argues that – and why – the exploration of content policies and their enforcement is indispensable when approaching social media platforms and social media data in particular from a critical perspective.
A number of researchers have already begun to identify contextual elements that require particular attention when viewing social media and social media data through a CDS lens. However, social media sites’ content policies, as pervasive contextual element, have not received adequate research attention yet.
Drawing on Computer-Mediated Discourse Analysis (CMDA) and recent developments in Social Media CDS (SM-CDS), this paper first demonstrates the existing gap in research. Then, it contends that social media sites’ content policies deserve more detailed attention in SM-CDS, argues why this is the case and elaborates on the different aspects of content policies and policy enforcement that require examination. After detailed theoretical discussion of this, empirical evidence to support this argument is presented in the form of a case study of Wikipedia and Wikipedia data.
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‘A PROUD HISTORY OF PROTECTING REFUGEES’: AMBIVALENT RESPONSES TO REFUGEE INTEGRATION IN GOVERNMENT POLICY DOCUMENTS | Pages 20-40
In recent years asylum seekers arriving in the United Kingdom have been subject to a ‘hostile policy environment’ (Zetter et al. 2005) initiated by the UK government consisting of dispersal, destitution and detention. At the same time, the UK government has also focussed on ‘integrating’ refugees. In this paper, Critical Discourse Analysis of seven policy documents is used to demonstrate how ambivalence is a feature of UK and devolved government refugee integration strategies. Analysis revealed that each strategy is predicated upon rhetorical devices which construct the governments as having a ‘proud history’ of offering protection to those fleeing persecution by drawing on long histories and traditions of welcoming refugees. Such rhetorical and commemorative devices may also function to dialogically repress (Billig 1997) the UK’s history of not providing protection to refugees and of creating a ‘hostile environment’ for asylum seekers. It concludes that such devices construct refugee integration ambivalently, which is a result of an ideological dilemma (Billig et al. 1988) inherent in these strategies between the integration of refugees and deterrence of asylum seekers.
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BRITISH MUSLIM’S DISCOURSE OF BELONGING AND CONFLICT | Pages 41-56
Saliha Anjum, Andy McKinlay, and Chris McVittie
According to the 2011 UK Census, Muslims form the second largest religious community in Britain. The relationship of this community to British society more generally has come under much scrutiny. The current study focused on British Muslim’s constructions of belonging and conflict towards Britain. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analysed using discourse analysis. Findings suggested that for these participants second generation Muslims were more likely to construct themselves as belonging to Britain than first-generation Muslims, who show more attachments to their own culture and religion. Both generations produced rationalizations in order to negotiate their sense of belonging to British society and /or other culture. Moreover, their discourse was constructed in such a way that it fulfilled the function of protecting both generations from issues of accountability in social interactions.
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THE DISCURSIVE MANUFACTURING OF IRANOPHOBIA AND GLOBAL PREEMPTIVE COLLABORATIONS IN DONALD TRUMP’S DISCOURSE | Pages 57-83
Ali Basarati and Hadaegh Rezaei
Over the past years, Iran’s reputation has been defined with fear-generating terms and resources in connection with extended nuclear programmes. A critical investigation of the discourse of Iranophobia in the recurrent political discourse of the USA reveals the spatial nature of this discourse. The aim of this paper is towards an analysis of Donald Trump’s 2017-2018 speeches which have their focus on Iran/the Iran Deal. Applying Proximisation Theory (Cap 2013) shows that he conflates spatial and temporal proximisation strategies while conceptually construing Iran as a strong and ubiquitous regional and global threat to the world. Furthermore, we shall indicate how the discourse of Iranophobia legitimates the US withdrawal from the Iran Deal and imposing heavy economic sanctions as preemptive measures. The analysis also shows that Trump’s discourse on Iran endeavours to establish a global consensus against Iran by using lexico-grammatical markers and pragmatic tools in order to influence the international political and strategic behaviour of Iran.
To be announced
BOOK REVIEW Page 84-87
Buckledee S. (2018). The Language of Brexit: How Britain Talked Its Way Out of the European Union. London/ New York: Bloomsbury. 240 pages; ISBN: 9781350047976; £49.50 (hbk), £16.19 (ppb), £15.54 (e-book).
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