Dr Jo Armstrong

Research Associate - OFFA Evaluation Programme

Research Interests

Research activities

My main research interests are: gender equality; violence against women; gendered employment policy; gender relations in work (paid and unpaid); the intersection between social class and gender; and intersectionality in equality policies and institutions. I have also been working to bring these interests together by applying an economic lens to the field of gender-based violence. This dual focus allows exploration of the ways in which class positioning impacts upon, and is impacted by, the experience of gendered violence. For example, as a member of the UNESCO Chair in Gender Research Group, I was involved in researching the gendered impact of the financial crisis. More recently, I have been engaged in projects concerning policies to prevent rape and analysis of the gendered dimensions of trafficking in human beings.

Previous projects include those funded by the Equalities and Human Rights Commission (EHRC), the European Commission and the European Parliament. I worked on two reports for the EHRC: one focused on physical and legal security and the Criminal Justice System in Britain; and one which reviewed the statistics and indicators that have been (and could be) used to assess inequalities in the areas of gender, ethnicity, disability, age, religion/belief, sexual orientation and social class. The European Commission project ‘QUING’ (Quality in Gender+ Equality Policies) involved researching gender equality policies in the UK and Ireland across different areas (general gender equality; non-employment; intimate citizenship; and gender-based violence) as well as comparative work across the EU member states and analysis of the intersections between gender inequality and other inequalities. The European Parliament projects have included an assessment of the use of gender quotas in management boards and an evaluation of policies to prevent rape.

During my employment at Lancaster I have spent periods of time in the Department of Sociology and the Department of Educational Research. I am currently working on projects in both departments. In Educational Research I am a member of the team ‘Researching Equity, Access and Participation’ (REAP) where my interests are again focused upon equalities and social justice issues (particularly those regarding access to, and success in, Higher Education).

My background is in Sociology and Women's Studies and I completed my doctorate 'Classed and gendered experiences of employment and motherhood' at Lancaster in 2005. This research used in-depth interviews with mothers and a feminist-Bourdieuian theoretical framework to explore the ways women's dispositions toward employment and motherhood are shaped through classed and gendered processes.

Accessing and assessing appropriate widening participation data: an exploration of how data are used and by whom
Holland, N.J., Houghton, A., Armstrong, J.E., Mashiter, C. 06/2017 In: Studies in Continuing Education. 39, 2, p. 214-233. 30 p.
Journal article

Evaluation of the Cumbria and Lancashire Network for Collaborative Outreach (CLNCO)
Houghton, A., Armstrong, J.E., Holland, N.J. 31/01/2017 REAP: Researching Equity, Access and Participation, Lancaster University/ NHS North Lancashire.. 99 p.
Commissioned report

Study on comprehensive policy review of anti-trafficking projects funded by the European Commission: HOME/2014/ISFP/PR/THBX/0052
Walby, S., Towers, J., Francis, B.J., Shire, K., Kelly, L., Apitzsch, B., Armstrong, J.E., Balderston, S., Fish, A.R., Hardaker, C., Kirby, S., May-Chahal, C.A., Palmer, C.E. 17/10/2016 Publications Office of the European Union. 106 p.
Commissioned report

Health social movements and the hybridisation of ‘cause regimes’: an ethnography of a British childbirth organisation
Roberts, C., Tyler, I., Satchwell, C., Armstrong, J. 07/2016 In: Social Movement Studies. 15, 4, p. 417-430. 14 p.
Journal article

Study on the gender dimension of trafficking in human beings
Walby, S., Apitzsch, B., Armstrong, J.E., Balderston, S., Szmagalska-Follis, K., Francis, B.J., Kelly, L., May-Chahal, C.A., Rashid, A., Shire, K., Towers, J., Tunte, M. 16/03/2016
Other contribution

Stopping rape: towards a comprehensive policy
Walby, S., Olive, P., Towers, J., Francis, B., Strid , S., Krizsan, A., Lombardo , E., May-Chahal, C., Franzway , S., Sugarman, D., Aganwal, B., Armstrong, J. 22/07/2015 Bristol : Policy Press. 308 p. ISBN: 9781447322092.

Intersectionality and the quality of the gender equality architecture
Walby, S., Strid, S., Armstrong, J. 31/10/2012 In: Social Politics. 19, 4, p. 446-481. 36 p.
Journal article

Intersectionality: multiple inequalities in social theory
Walby, S., Armstrong, J., Strid, S. 2012 In: Sociology. 46, 2, p. 224-240. 17 p.
Journal article

Developing Key Indicators of ‘Fairness’: Competing Frameworks, Multiple Strands and Ten Domains – an Array of Statistics
Walby, S., Armstrong, J. 04/2011 In: Social Policy and Society. 10, 2, p. 205-218. 14 p.
Journal article

Developing measures of multiple forms of sexual violence and their contested treatment in the criminal justice system
Walby, S., Armstrong, J., Strid, S. 2011 In: Handbook on sexual violence. London : Routledge p. 90-113. 24 p. ISBN: 0415670721.

Measuring equalities: data and indicators in Britain
Walby, S., Armstrong, J. 09/2010 In: International Journal of Social Research Methodology. 13, 3, p. 237-249. 13 p.
Journal article

Class and gender at the intersection: working-class women's dispositions towards employment and motherhood
Armstrong, J. 2010 In: Classed intersections. Farnham : Ashgate ISBN: 9780754675624 .

Physical and Legal Security and the Criminal Justice System: A Review of Inequalities
Walby, S., Armstrong, J., Strid, S. 2010 EHRC. 172 p.
Commissioned report

The gendered division of labour: how can we assess the quality of employment and care policy from a gender equality perspective?
Armstrong, J., Walby, S., Strid, S. 2009 In: Benefits. 17, 3, p. 263-275. 13 p.
Journal article

Review of equality statistics
Walby, S., Armstrong, J., Humphreys, L. 2008 Equality and Human Rights Commission. 459 p.
Commissioned report

'Beyond 'flexibility' and 'juggling': theorising classed and gendered practices of employment and motherhood
Armstrong, J. 2006 In: Sociological Research Online. 11, 2
Journal article