Dr James Fraser


Research Overview


James' research is on social and environmental dimensions of smallholder natural resource management in the humid tropics of Latin America and Africa.

He focuses on two themes in particular; i) local agro-ecological knowledge, and ii) social and environmental justice issues.

These are investigated with theory and methods from a variety of disciplines, including anthropology, geography and development studies.


James contributes to several undergraduate and postgraduate modules and is convener for:

LEC 322 Environment, Society and Politics in Amazonia (taught with Luke Parry & Jos Barlow)

LEC 331 Food and Agriculture in the 21st Century (taught with Rebecca Whittle & Katerina Psarikidou)


James is Part I Director of Studies for Geography

He is the LEC Interdisciplinary 'Tsar' and on the Interdisciplinary PhD Panel

Office Hours:

Monday 2-4pm

Room B538 in LEC1

Soil knowledge
Fraser, J.A. 25/07/2018 In: The International Encyclopedia of Anthropology. Wiley
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Amazonian Struggles for Recognition
Fraser, J.A. 19/04/2018 In: Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.
Journal article

Indigenous soil enrichment for food security and climate change mitigation in Africa and Asia: a review
Fairhead, J., Fraser, J.A., Amanor, K., Solomon, D., Lehmann, J., Leach, M. 11/2017 In: Indigenous knowledge. Wallingford : CABI
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Laws of the field: rights and justice in development oriented agronomy
Fraser, J.A. 21/06/2017 In: Agronomy for development. Abingdon : Routledge
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Amazonian peasant livelihood differentiation as mutuality-market dialectics
Fraser, J.A., Cardoso, T., Steward, A., Parry, L.T.W. 8/05/2017 In: The Journal of Peasant Studies.
Journal article

Cultural valuation and biodiversity conservation in the Upper Guinea Forest, West Africa
Fraser, J.A., Diabaté, M., Narmah, W., Beavogui, P., Guilavogui, K., de Foresta , H., Braga Junqueira, A. 20/09/2016 In: Ecology and Society. 21, 3, 18 p.
Journal article

Justice and conservation: the need to incorporate recognition
Martin, A., Coolsaet, B., Corbera, E., Dawson, N., Fraser, J.A., Lehmann, I., Rodriguez, I. 05/2016 In: Biological Conservation. 197, p. 254-261. 8 p.
Journal article

Indigenous African soil enrichment as climate-smart sustainable agriculture alternative
Solomon, D., Lehmann, J., Fraser, J.A., Leach, M., Amanor, K., Frausin, V., Kristiansen, S., Millimouno, D., Fairhead, J. 1/03/2016 In: Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 14, 2, p. 71-76. 6 p.
Journal article

An intergenerational transmission of sustainability?: ancestral habitus and food production in a traditional agro-ecosystem of the Upper Guinea Forest, West Africa
Fraser, J., Frausin, V., Jarvis, A. 3/03/2015 In: Global Environmental Change. 31, p. 226-238. 13 p.
Journal article

“God made the soil, but we made it fertile”: gender, knowledge and practice in the formation and use of African Dark Earths in Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Frausin, V., Fraser, J., Narmah, W., Lahai, M., Winnebah, T., Fairhead, J., Leach, M. 10/2014 In: Human Ecology. 42, 5, p. 695-710. 16 p.
Journal article

Anthropogenic dark earths in the landscapes of Upper Guinea, West Africa: intentional or inevitable?
Fraser, J., Leach, M., Fairhead, J. 10/09/2014 In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 104, 6, p. 1222-1238. 17 p.
Journal article

Reframing ‘crisis’ in Fair Trade coffee production: trajectories of agrarian change in Nicaragua
Fraser, J., Fisher, E., Arce, A. 01/2014 In: Journal of Agrarian Change. 14, 1, p. 52-73. 22 p.
Journal article

Convergent Adaptations: Bitter Manioc Cultivation Systems in Fertile Anthropogenic Dark Earths and Floodplain Soils in Central Amazonia
Fraser, J.A., Alves-Pereira, A., Junqueira, A.B., Peroni, N., Clement, C.R. 29/08/2012 In: PLoS ONE. 7, 8, 13 p.
Journal article

Green grabs and biochar: revaluing African soils and farming in the new carbon economy
Leach, M., Fairhead, J., Fraser, J. 2012 In: The Journal of Peasant Studies. 39, 2, p. 285-307. 23 p.
Journal article

Anthropogenic soils in the Central Amazon: from categories to a continuum
Fraser, J., Teixeira, W., Falcao, N., Woods, W., Lehmann, J., Junqueira, A.B. 09/2011 In: Area. 43, 3, p. 264-273. 10 p.
Journal article

Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia
Fraser, J.A., Junqueira, A.B., Kawa, N.C., Moraes, C.P., Clement, C.R. 08/2011 In: Human Ecology. 39, 4, p. 395-406. 12 p.
Journal article

Homegardens on Amazonian Dark Earths, Non-anthropogenic Upland, and Floodplain Soils along the Brazilian Middle Madeira River Exhibit Diverging Agrobiodiversity
Fraser, J.A., Junqueira, A.B., Clement, C.R. 03/2011 In: Economic Botany. 65, 1, p. 1-12. 12 p.
Journal article

Caboclo Horticulture and Amazonian Dark Earths along the Middle Madeira River, Brazil
Fraser, J.A. 10/2010 In: Human Ecology. 38, 5, p. 651-662. 12 p.
Journal article

The Diversity of Bitter Manioc (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Cultivation in a Whitewater Amazonian Landscape
Fraser, J. 2010 In: Diversity. 2, 4, p. 586-609. 24 p.
Journal article

Historical Ecology and Dark Earths in Whitewater and Blackwater Landscapes: Comparing the Middle Madeira and Lower Negro Rivers
Fraser, J., Cardoso, T., Junqueira, A.B., Falcao, N., Clement, C.R. 2009 In: Amazonian dark earths : Wim Sombroeks vision. Dordrecht : Springer Verlag p. 229-264. 36 p.
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Dark Earths and manioc cultivation in Central Amazonia: a window on pre-Columbian agricultural systems?
Fraser, J., Clement, C.R. 2008 In: Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi : Ciências Humanas. 3, 2, p. 175-194. 20 p.
Journal article