Dr John ChildsLecturer
Having joined Lancaster in 2013, John is particularly interested in the political ecological dimensions of natural resource extraction, including the study of minerals, precious metals, oil and gas. Most contemporarily, he is particularly interested in the emergent political geography of deep-sea mining (DSM). He is currently beginning an ESRC Future Research Leaders fellowship investigating the kind of geopolitics that emerges when the materiality and dynamism of the deep sea is taken seriously alongside the political ecological concerns of how it is managed.
Previous work has focused on (1) the political economy of 'resource nationalism' in sub-Saharan Africa and (2) the discourse of 'responsibility', 'fairness' and ethics in the mining industry, particularly the extent to which Fairtrade can solve the problems of social and environmental injustice in artisanal and small-scale gold mining.
John has published extensively on the political ecological dimensions of the Fairtrade certification of gold. This research, variously funded by the British Institute in Eastern Africa and The British Academy/Leverhulme, has investigated both the political economy and social and environmental justice of Fairtrade gold.
He has also been published on ‘resource nationalism’ in sub-Saharan Africa. Funded by the ESRC, this work seeks to understand the geographic and political ways in which ‘resource nationalist’ policies are both articulated and resisted in various countries including Tanzania and Ghana.
He is just beginning a 2 year ESRC Future Researchg Leaders Fellowship entitled 'Into the Abyss: Deep-sea mining, geopolitcs and global development'.
John teaches on several undergraduate and postgraduate geography modules, and convenes:
LEC329 Global Consumption
LEC222 Political Geography
John is currently:
- An editorial board member of Extractive Industries and Society (http://www.journals.elsevier.com/the-extractive-industries-and-society/)
- The Lancaster University ‘Development and Humanitarianism’ pathway lead for the ESRC NWDTC (http://www.nwdtc.ac.uk)
PhD Supervision Interests
I am interested in supervising possible PhD projects on all aspects of the political ecology of resource extraction. In particular, these might relate to (1) sub-Saharan Africa; (2) the role of the state in resource geographies (in particular, resource nationalism); (3) the political emergence of deep-sea mining. Please contact me to discuss possible PhD projects in these areas.
‘New’ nations: resource-based development imaginaries in Ghana and Ecuador
Childs, J.R., Hearn, J.F. 6/06/2016 In: Third World Quarterly.
Geography and resource nationalism: a critical review and reframing
Childs, J.R. 04/2016 In: The Extractive Industries and Society. 3, 2, p. 539-546. 8 p.
The New Extractivism: A Post-Neoliberal Development Model or Imperialism of the Twenty-First Century? edited by Henry Veltmeyer and James Petras
Childs, J.R. 1/03/2016 In: Journal of International Development. 28, 2, 2 p.
From ‘criminals of the earth’ to ‘stewards of the environment': the social and environmental justice of Fair Trade gold
Childs, J. 11/2014 In: Geoforum. 57, p. 129-137. 9 p.
A new means of governing artisanal and small-scale mining?: Fairtrade gold and development in Tanzania
Childs, J. 06/2014 In: Resources Policy. 40, p. 128-136. 9 p.
An ethical turn in African mining: voluntary regulation through fair trade
Fisher, E., Childs, J. 26/09/2013 In: Mining and social transformation in Africa. Abingdon : Routledge p. 130-147. 18 p. ISBN: 9780415833707.
Hogl, Kvarda, Nordbeck, Pregernig (Eds): Environmental governance: the challenge of legitimacy and effectiveness
Childs, J. 2013 In: Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy. 31, 6, 2 p.
"Fair trade gold": a key to alleviating mercury pollution in sub-Saharan Africa
Childs, J. 2010 In: International Jounal of Environment and Pollution. 41, 3-4, p. 259-271. 13 p.
Reforming small-scale mining in Sub-Saharan Africa: political and ideological challenges to a fair trade gold initiative
Childs, J. 12/2008 In: Resources Policy. 33, 4, p. 203-209. 7 p.
No Concessions: Understanding Resource Nationalism and Community Activism in Sub-Saharan Africa
01/04/2014 → 31/03/2015