Dr Luke Parry

Senior Lecturer

Research Overview

Luke is a social environmental scientist and is interested in identifying pathways towards socially-just and sustainable urbanization in tropical forest regions, particularly the Amazon. He has been a Senior Lecturer in the Lancaster Environment Centre (LEC) since 2017 and was a Lecturer from 2012. He was an ESRC Future Research Leader Fellow from 2014 to early 2017.

Luke's research focuses on pathways towards socially-just and sustainable food systems in tropical forest regions. His research program uses mainly quantitative approaches, asks policy-relevant questions and takes urbanization in Amazonia as its point of departure. His current research focuses on: (1) Harvesting and consumption of bushmeat and fishes, linking normative perspectives on human health and dignity (in relation to food and nutrition security) and conservation of biodiversity and natural ecosystems. This research relates to questions around space and place (contextual-understanding), livelihoods and migration-decisions by individuals and households. (2) Understanding linkages between social vulnerability, climatic shocks, and food and nutritional insecurity. He has recently identified ‘food deserts’ in Amazonian cities and is also developing a bottom-up Citizens Network to explore (and strengthen) the political and social dimensions of living with environmental change in remote, road-less areas. He works with the CHICAS statistical group, Lancaster Medical School. His research aims to contribute to improving the adaptive capacity of road-less Amazonian cities to cope with severe climatic events, especially among vulnerable social groups. His team is developing an online early warning system predicting real-time urban vulnerability to food insecurity for improved risk-analysis, facilitating long-term investment in adaptation.

Luke and his PhD students are part of the Political Ecology group in the Lancaster Environment Centre.


Luke’s teaching primarily contributes to LEC’s geography courses and includes:

  • LEC 202 Ecosystem Services and Society [not currently running]
  • LEC 322 Environment, Society and Politics in Amazonia (taught with James Fraser & Jos Barlow) - his sessions focus on population-environment relationships (especially under rural exodus and urbanization) and resilience
  • LEC330 Conservation and Sustainable Development in the Brazilian Amazon [field-course to the Rio Negro in Amazonas State, with Jos Barlow)
  • LEC342 Issues in Conservation Biology


Luke is currently:

  • Co-chair of LEC’s inter-disciplinary PhD panel
  • Member of LEC’s Research Strategy Group

Outside interests: As well as keeping busy with little Arturito, Luke is keen on photography (admittedly with a strong Amazonian bias [e.g. 1, 2, 3, 4]), cycling (around Lancaster) and cooking.

Fertilizer Adoption by Smallholders in the Brazilian Amazon: Farm-level Evidence
Morello, T.F., Piketty, M., Gardner, T., Parry, L., Barlow, J., Ferreira, J., Tancredi, N.S. 02/2018 In: Ecological Economics. 144, p. 278-291. 14 p.
Journal article

Social vulnerability to climatic shocks is shaped by urban accessibility
Parry, L.T.W., Davies, G., Almeida, O., Frausin Bustamante, G.G., de Moraés, A., Rivero, S., Filizola, N., Torres, P. 01/2018 In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 108, 1, p. 125-143. 19 p.
Journal article

Explaining the persistence of low income and environmentally degrading land uses in the Brazilian Amazon
Garrett, R., Gardner, T., Fonseca, T., Marchand, S., Barlow, B.J., Ezzine de Blas, D., Ferreira, J., Parry, L.T.W. 09/2017 In: Ecology and Society. 22, 3, 24 p.
Journal article

Rainforest metropolis casts 1,000-km defaunation shadow
Tregidgo, D., Barlow, B.J., dos Santos Pompeu, P., de Almeida Rocha, M., Parry, L.T.W. 8/08/2017 In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114, 32, p. 8655-8659. 5 p.
Journal article

Policy instruments to control Amazon fires: a simulation approach
Morello, T.F., Parry, L., Markusson, N., Barlow, J. 08/2017 In: Ecological Economics. 138, p. 199-222. 24 p.
Journal article

Are there food deserts in rainforest cities?
Davies, G., Frausin Bustamante, G.G., Parry, L.T.W. 1/06/2017 In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 107, 4, p. 794-811. 18 p.
Journal article

Amazonian peasant livelihood differentiation as mutuality-market dialectics
Fraser, J.A., Cardoso, T., Steward, A., Parry, L.T.W. 8/05/2017 In: The Journal of Peasant Studies.
Journal article

Expert elicitation as a method for exploring illegal harvest and trade of wild meat over large spatial scales
Swan, N., Barlow, B.J., Parry, L.T.W. 04/2017 In: Oryx. 51, 2, p. 298-304. 7 p.
Journal article

Who cares about forests and why?: individual values attributed to forests in a post-frontier region in Amazonia
Torres, P.C., Morsello, C., Parry, L.T.W., Pardini, R. 12/12/2016 In: PLoS ONE. 11, 12, 18 p.
Journal article

How does hybrid governance emerge?: role of the elite in building a Green Municipality in the Eastern Brazilian Amazon
Viana, C., Coudel, E., Barlow, B.J., Ferreira, J., Gardner, T.A., Parry, L.T.W. 09/2016 In: Environmental Policy and Governance. 26, 5, p. 337-350. 14 p.
Journal article

Anthropogenic disturbance in tropical forests can double biodiversity loss from deforestation
Barlow, B.J., Lennox, G.D., Ferreira, J., De Berenguer Cesar, E., Lees, A.C., Mac Nally, R., Thomson, J.R., de Barros Ferraz, S.F., Louzada, J.N., Fonseca Oliveira, V.H., Parry, L.T.W., de Castro Solar, R.R., Guimaraes Vieira, I.C., Aragao, L.E.O.C., Begotti, R.A., Braga, R.F., Cardoso, T.M., de Oliveira Junior, R.C., Souza, C., de Moura, N.G., Serra Nunes, S., Siqueira, J.V., Pardini, R., Silveira, J., Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z. 29/06/2016 In: Nature. 535, 7610, 4 p.

How to identify food deserts in Amazonian cities?
Davies, G., Frausin Bustamante, G.G., Parry, L.T.W. 1/04/2016 In: Proceedings of the GIS Research UK 24th Annual Conference GISRUK 2016. London 5 p.
Conference contribution

Does the establishment of sustainable use reserves affect fire management in the humid tropics?
Carmenta, R., Blackburn, A., Davies, G., Lima, A., de Sassi, C., Parry, L.T.W., Tych, W., Barlow, B.J. 17/02/2016 In: PLoS ONE. 11, 2, 19 p.
Journal article

Evaluating the use of local ecological knowledge to monitor hunted tropical-forest wildlife over large spatial scales
Parry, L., Peres, C. 20/06/2015 In: Ecology and Society. 20, 3, 26 p.
Journal article

Wildlife harvest and consumption in Amazonia's urbanized wilderness
Parry, L., Barlow, J., Pereira, H.C. 10/11/2014 In: Conservation Letters. 7, 6, p. 565-574. 10 p.
Journal article

Brazil's environmental leadership at risk
Ferreira, J., Aragao, L.E.O.C., Barlow, J., Barreto, P., Berenguer, E., Bustamante, M., Gardner, T.A., Lees, A.C., Lima, A., Louzada, J., Pardini, R., Parry, L., Peres, C.A., Pompeu, P.S., Tabarelli, M., Zuanon, J. 7/11/2014 In: Science. 346, 6210, p. 706-707. 2 p.
Journal article

Shifting cultivation and fire policy: insights from the Brazilian Amazon
Carmenta, R., Vermeylen, S., Parry, L., Barlow, J. 08/2013 In: Human Ecology. 41, 4, p. 603-614. 12 p.
Journal article

A social and ecological assessment of tropical land uses at multiple scales: the Sustainable Amazon Network
Gardner, T.A., Ferreira, J., Barlow, J., Lees, A.C., Parry, L., Guimaraes Vieira, I.C., Berenguer, E., Abramovay, R., Aleixo, A., Andretti, C., Aragao, L.E.O.C., Araujo, I., de Avila, W.S., Bardgett, R.D., Batistella, M., Begotti, R.A., Beldini, T., de Blas, D.E., Braga, R.F., Braga, D.d.L., de Brito, J.G., de Camargo, P.B., dos Santos, F.C., de Oliveira, V.C., Nunes Cordeiro, A.C., Cardoso, T.M., de Carvalho, D.R., Castelani, S.A., Mario Chaul, J.C., Cerri, C.E., Costa, F.d.A., Furtado da Costa, C.D., Coudel, E., Coutinho, A.C., Cunha, D., D'Antona, A., Dezincourt, J., Dias-Silva, K., Durigan, M., Dalla Mora Esquerdo, J.C., Feres, J., de Barros Ferraz, S.F., de Melo Ferreira, A.E., Fiorini, A.C., Flores da Silva, L.V., Frazao, F.S., Garrett, R., Gomes, A.d.S., Goncalves, K.d.S., Guerrero, J.B., Hamada, N., Hughes, R.M., Igliori, D.C., Jesus, E.d.C., Juen, L., Junior, M., de Oliveira Junior, J.M.B., de Oliveira Junior, R.C., Souza Junior, C., Kaufmann, P., Korasaki, V., Leal, C.G., Lei 5/06/2013 In: Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences. 368, 1619, 11 p.
Journal article

A framework for integrating biodiversity concerns into national REDD+ programmes
Gardner, T.A., Burgess, N.D., Aguilar-Amuchastegui, N., Barlow, J., Berenguer, E., Clements, T., Danielsen, F., Ferreira, J., Foden, W., Kapos, V., Khan, S.M., Lees, A.C., Parry, L., Roman-Cuesta, R.M., Schmitt, C.B., Strange, N., Theilade, I., Vieira, I.C.G. 10/2012 In: Biological Conservation. 154, p. 61-71. 11 p.
Journal article

The critical importance of considering fire in REDD+ programs
Barlow, J., Parry, L., Gardner, T.A., Ferreira, J., Aragao, L.E.O.C., Carmenta, R., Berenguer, E., Vieira, I.C.G., Souza, C., Cochrane, M.A. 10/2012 In: Biological Conservation. 154, p. 1-8. 8 p.
Journal article

Developing evidence-based arguments to assess the pristine nature of Amazonian forests [Letter]
Barlow, J., Parry, L., Gardner, T.A., Lees, A.C., Peres, C.A. 08/2012 In: Biological Conservation. 152, 2 p.

How pristine are tropical forests?: an ecological perspective on the pre-Columbian human footprint in Amazonia and implications for contemporary conservation.
Barlow, J., Gardner, T., Lees, A.C., Parry, L., Peres, C.A. 07/2012 In: Biological Conservation. 151, 1, p. 45-49. 5 p.
Journal article

Using learning networks to understand and manage complex systems : a case study of biological, geophysical and social research in the Amazon.
Barlow, J., Ewers, R.M., Anderson, L., Aragao, L.E.O.C., Baker, T., Boyd, E., Feldpausch, T., Gloor, E., Hall, A., Malhi, Y., Milliken, W., Mulligan, M., Parry, L., Pennington, T., Peres, C.A., Phillips, O., Roman-Cuesta, R.M., Tobias, J.A., Gardner, T.A. 05/2011 In: Biological Reviews. 86, 2, p. 457-474. 18 p.
Journal article

Understanding human-fire interactions in tropical forest regions: a case for interdisciplinary research across the natural and social sciences
Carmenta, R., Parry, L., Blackburn, A., Vermeylen, S., Barlow, J. 03/2011 In: Ecology and Society. 16, 1, p. -. 22 p.
Journal article

Drivers of rural exodus from Amazonian headwaters
Parry, L., Day, B., Amaral, S., Peres, C.A. 12/2010 In: Population and Environment. 32, 2-3, p. 137-176. 40 p.
Journal article

Improving the design and management of forest strips in human-dominated tropical landscapes : a field test on dung beetles in the Brazilian Amazon.
Barlow, J., Louzada, J., Parry, L., Hernandez, M.I.M., Hawes, J., Peres, C.A., Vaz-de-Mello, F.Z., Gardner, T.A. 08/2010 In: Journal of Applied Ecology. 47, 4, p. 779-788. 10 p.
Journal article

Rural-urban migration brings conservation threats and opportunities to Amazonian watersheds
Parry, L., Peres, C.A., Day, B., Amaral, S. 08/2010 In: Conservation Letters. 3, 4, p. 251-259. 9 p.
Journal article

Hunting for sustainability in tropical secondary forests.
Parry, L., Barlow, J., Peres, C.A. 10/2009 In: Conservation Biology. 23, 5, p. 1270-1280. 11 p.
Journal article

Allocation of hunting effort by Amazonian smallholders : implications for conserving wildlife in mixed-use landscapes.
Parry, L., Barlow, J., Peres, C.A. 08/2009 In: Biological Conservation. 142, 8, p. 1777-1786. 10 p.
Journal article

Boom-and-bust development patterns across the Amazon deforestation frontier
Rodrigues, A.S.L., Ewers, R.M., Parry, L., Souza, C., Verissimo, A., Balmford, A. 12/06/2009 In: Science. 324, 5933, p. 1435-1437. 3 p.
Journal article

The cost-effectiveness of biodiversity surveys in tropical forests.
Gardner, T.A., Barlow, J., Araujo, I.S., Ávila-Pires, T.C., Bonaldo, A.B., Costa, J.E., Esposito, M.C., Ferreira, L.V., Hawes, J., Hernandez, M.I.M., Hoogmoed, M.S., Leite, R.N., Lo-Man-Hung, N.F., Malcolm, J.R., Martins, M.B., Mestre, L.A.M., Miranda-Santos, R., Overal, W.L., Parry, L., Peters, S.L., Ribeiro-Junior, M.A., da Silva, M.N.F., da Silva Motta, C., Peres, C.A. 02/2008 In: Ecology Letters. 11, 2, p. 139-150. 12 p.
Journal article

Quantifying the biodiversity value of tropical primary, secondary, and plantation forests.
Barlow, J., Gardner, T.A., Araujo, I.S., Ávila-Pires, T.C., Bonaldo, A.B., Costa, J.E., Esposito, M.C., Ferreira, L.V., Hawes, J., Hernandez, M.I.M., Hoogmoed, M.S., Leite, R.N., Lo-Man-Hung, N.F., Malcolm, J.R., Martins, M.B., Mestre, L.A.M., Miranda-Santos, R., Nunes-Gutjahr, A.L., Overal, W.L., Parry, L., Peters, S.L., Ribeiro-Junior, M.A., da Silva, M.N.F., da Silva Motta, C., Peres, C.A. 20/11/2007 In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104, 47, p. 18555-18560. 6 p.
Journal article

Large-vertebrate assemblages of primary and secondary forests in the Brazilian Amazon.
Parry, L., Barlow, J., Peres, C.A. 11/2007 In: Journal of Tropical Ecology. 23, 6, p. 653-662. 10 p.
Journal article

Predicting the Uncertain Future of Tropical Forest Species in a Data Vacuum.
Gardner, T.A., Barlow, J., Parry, L., Peres, C.A. 01/2007 In: Biotropica. 39, 1, p. 25-30. 6 p.
Journal article