Paul Whaley

PhD student

Research Overview

"Science is supposed to be cumulative, but scientists only rarely cumulate evidence scientifically" - Chalmers, Hedges & Cooper.

My research is aimed at facilitating the implementation of systematic review (SR) methods in chemical risk assessment, to ensure that decisions in chemicals policy make best use of the best evidence.

While SR methods have been transformative in medicine, they are still a new approach to syntheising research about risks to health posed by chemicals; we believe SR methods have the potential to initiate a step-change in evidence-based regulatory procedures for chemicals similar to the one seen in healthcare over the last 3 decades.

My work involves development and validation of SR methods for chemical risk research, and operationalisation of quality assurance techniques to ensure only high-quality systematic reviews get published.

Project website:

Qualitative methods for integrating evidence within and across evidence streams for hazard identification
Whaley, P., Wikoff, D. 28/03/2018 In: EFSA Supporting Publications. 15, 3, p. 9-12. 4 p.
Journal article

ROSES RepOrting standards for Systematic Evidence Syntheses: pro forma, flow-diagram and descriptive summary of the plan and conduct of environmental systematic reviews and systematic maps
Haddaway, N.R., Macura, B., Whaley, P., Pullin, A.S. 19/03/2018 In: Environmental Evidence. 7, 8 p.
Journal article

A primer on systematic reviews in toxicology
Hoffmann, S., de Vries, R.B.M., Stephens, M.L., Beck, N.B., Dirven, H.A., Fowle, J.R., Goodman, J.E., Hartung, T., Kimber, I., Lalu, M.M., Thayer, K.A., Whaley, P., Wikoff, D., Tsaioun, K. 07/2017 In: Archives of Toxicology. 91, 7, p. 2551-2575. 25 p.
Journal article

Raising the standard of systematic reviews published in Environment International
Whaley, P., Letcher, R.J., Covaci, A., Alcock, R. 12/2016 In: Environment International. 97, 3 p.

A proposed framework for the systematic review and integrated assessment (SYRINA) of endocrine disrupting chemicals
Vandenberg, L.N., Ågerstrand, M., Beronius, A., Beausoleil, C., Bergman, Å., Bero, L.A., Bornehag, C., Boyer, C.S., Cooper, G.S., Cotgreave, I., Gee, D., Grandjean, P., Guyton, K.Z., Hass, U., Heindel, J.J., Jobling, S., Kidd, K.A., Kortenkamp, A., Macleod, M.R., Martin, O.V., Norinder, U., Scheringer, M., Thayer, K.A., Toppari, J., Whaley, P., Woodruff, T.J., Rudén, C. 14/07/2016 In: Environmental Health : A Global Access Science Source. 15, 1, 19 p.
Journal article

Assuring high-quality evidence reviews for chemical risk assessment: five lessons from guest editing the first environmental health journal special issue dedicated to systematic review
Whaley, P., Halsall, C.J. 07/2016 In: Environment International. 92-93, 3 p.

Implementing systematic review techniques in chemical risk assessment: challenges, opportunities and recommendations
Whaley, P., Halsall, C.J., Ågerstrand, M., Aiassa, E., Benford, D., Bilotta, G.S., Coggon, D., Collins, C., Dempsey, C., Duarte-Davidson, R., Fitzgerald, R., Galay-Burgos, M., Gee, D., Hoffmann, S., Lam, J., Lasserson, T.J., Levy, L., Lipworth, S., Mackenzie Ross, S., Martin, O., Meads, C., Meyer-Baron, M., Miller, J., Pease, C., Rooney, A., Sapiets, A., Stewart, G., Taylor, D. 07/2016 In: Environment International. 92-93, p. 556-564. 9 p.
Journal article

Childhood obesity and the environment
Whaley, P. 2014 In: Controversies in obesity. Springer p. 97-102. 6 p. ISBN: 9781447128335. Electronic ISBN: 9781447128342.

Priorities for cancer prevention
Page, J., Whaley, P., Watterson, A., Clapp, R. 06/2012 In: Lancet Oncology. 13, 6, 1 p.