Research in the Physics Department is structured into four divisions: Astrophysics, Particle and Accelerator Physics, Experimental Condensed Matter, and Theory.
Each division has a world-class team of research-active staff at the forefront of research in their respective fields. We place great importance on bringing this world-leading research into our undergraduate teaching, and into our schools and public engagement programme.
Our renowned researchers include particle physicists working at CERN, Fermilab and JPARC in Japan, quantum technologists working on quantum bits, liquid helium and graphene, biomedical physicists describing nonlinear phenomena in the human body, mathematical physicists studying the classical and quantum behaviour of matter and light, space and planetary physicists investigating the solar system's space-plasma environment using spacecraft such as NASA's Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn and Titan, and cosmologists chasing the origins of dark matter and mechanisms of inflation.
Our research tackles some of the most important open questions in Astrophysics looking at the formation and evolution of galaxies, and the properties of the Universe itself.
Theoretical Particle Cosmology
Our research in theoretical cosmology uses new theories of particle physics and gravitation to understand the evolution of the Universe from the earliest time to the present day.
Space and Planetary Physics
We explore the fundamental physics at work in the solar system's space-plasma environment. We investigate the mechanisms that control space weather - the natural phenomena which can affect the world's high-tech infrastructure.
Experimental Particle Physics
Studying the forces and interactions that shaped our universe and searching for new particles like the Higgs boson, using the highest energy particle colliders and long-baseline neutrino beams.
We create the technologies and mathematical models that will lead to future generations of particle accelerators.
Low Temperature Physics
We perform experiments and develop cooling technology to study fundamental processes and material properties at temperatures approaching absolute zero.
We work on a whole range of devices, from the fundamental physics of nanofabricated structures to practical applications with industrial partners.
Condensed Matter Theory
We study and model the theoretical properties of condensed matter systems, such as graphene, cold atomic gases, and molecular electronics.
We develop and use new mathematical techniques for studying the classical and quantum behaviour of matter and light.
Theory of Molecular Scale Transport
We develop new theories of electron, phonon and spin transport through molecules and low-dimensional materials. We collaborate with a wide range of international laboratories to test our predictions.