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Full time 3 Year(s)
This qualifying Law degree is taught by the world-leading, research-active academics based in our prestigious Law School. They will introduce you to technical legal topics and help you to understand the ways that law shapes society. Practical experience is at the heart of this degree, with all three years of your degree involving hands-on legal work allowing you to develop the practical skills and competences of a lawyer. The degree takes a problem-based learning approach, centred on real case-work and advising clients. You will use a wide range of professional and academic skills to provide legal advice to your clients.
There are two ‘tracks’ within this degree. You can either choose to work in the Law School’s Law Clinic, providing free legal advice to members of the community. In the Clinic, local practitioners will supervise you in delivering the appropriate legal advice to your clients. Alternatively, you can commit to working with North Lancashire Citizen’s Advice Bureau for the duration of your degree. Following this ‘track’, you will provide legal advice and support to clients who come to the Citizens Advice Bureau for help and you will gain official recognition as a CAB advisor.
Studying in the Law School, you will benefit from our strong links to Chambers, Law firms and related professions from across the UK, including magic circle firms from London. We host a judicial lecture series, alumni visits and lectures, and a Law Fair, which is your chance to meet lawyers (including trainees, associates, and partners) and members of their recruitment teams. All of this helps you to make professional connections, learn more about their firms, and get a head start on your career in Law.
Our student-run Law Society provides you with a wide range of extracurricular activities including mooting and negotiation competitions (judged by barristers and members of the judiciary), a Law Ball, sporting fixtures, and a careers dinner. Each event is designed to help you build your peer and employer networks.
Your Law degree can be the first step towards a career as a solicitor or barrister but Law graduates are also in demand beyond the legal profession. Roles you may consider include: legal recruitment consultant, chartered company secretary, compliance officer, investment banker, and many more. At Lancaster, you will develop the skills required to negotiate competently, work effectively in a team, speak in public and be confident when presenting information in a variety of formats - all are highly prized by employers. Many of our graduates choose further study (Legal Practice Course, Bar Professional Training Course, LLM and MSc programmes) or enrol in graduate training schemes with HMRC, the Civil Service, and the Crown Prosecution Service.
Many of Lancaster's degree programmes are flexible, offering students the opportunity to cover a wide selection of subject areas to complement their main specialism. You will be able to study a range of modules, some examples of which are listed below.
This engaging module immerses you in a broad investigation of criminal law, including legal rules, substantive crimes, the conditions of criminal responsibility, and law in practice. We will explore the scope of law and its enforcement in a political, economic, moral and social context.
You will develop an understanding of the principles of criminal liability, and the elements of major offences from homicide to theft, fraud to sexual offences, and offences against the person. You will also explore complicity, inchoate offences and defences.
We encourage lively discourse and debate through a combination of workshops and seminars, both of which are linked to a lecture programme. This helps you to consolidate knowledge, analyse and argue about criminal law.
Our teaching is research-led and you will be encouraged to read as widely as possible on the subject. Not only does this module provide the foundation for further study in Part Two, but it also establishes key skills in presentation, critical analysis, and intelligent debate.
This year-long compulsory module introduces you to the central tenants of the English Legal System and supports the development of the legal skills that will see you through your degree.
The module is your initiation into legal reasoning and the process of legal research. Within it we will also cover substantive topics including:
A combination of lectures, workshops and seminars provides you with a sustained opportunity to: deepen your knowledge of the English Legal System; learn how to read legal cases and journal articles and critically analyse legal materials; write law essays; and problem solve.
Assessment starts with a bibliography ‘bootcamp’ in which you are taught how to reference and create a bibliography, as well as group debates, case notes, and (finally) an MCQ examination.
The module is taught by Dr Siobhan Weare who co-authors one of the leading textbooks in this area of Law.
Contract Law at Lancaster is studied from an interesting perspective – we begin by looking at resolution for breach of contract. This includes monetary compensation, injunctions and orders compelling parties to carry out their promises.
By starting at the end, you are constantly reminded of the purpose of Contract Law (to provide a remedy to an aggrieved party when the other party has broken its contractual obligations). It also means that you get to practise applying the law while studying this important but difficult topic, and, you will be able to competently address the main concern of clients when you begin practising law: resolution.
Of course, we also study the formation of contract, terms of contract, and their interpretation and enforceability. But heavy emphasis remains on remedy.
The course involves self-study of the historical and theoretical aspects of contracts and contract law. For this you will use ‘Contract in Context’ co-authored by Dr Richard Austen-Baker, the module convenor. The book includes cutting-edge research that is presented in wholly accessible way – ideal as you take your first steps in the study of Law.
Public Law is an engaging, compulsory module that will introduce you to constitutional law, administrative law and human rights law.
You will journey through:
We begin with an introductory workshop, which familiarises you with the political and legal structures that make up the UK’s constitutional framework. Then we venture into an innovative mix of traditional lectures, problem-based workshops, and small-group seminars, all of which cement the connections between key legal theories and their practical, real-world application.
You will engage with a series of short legal problems for group discussion, critically analyse arguments in legal journals and read cases for your coursework, prepare group presentations to consolidate learning in seminars, and explore jigsaw and round-robin reading techniques as you broaden the scope of your understanding.
You will be taught by research-active academics who have an interest in constitutional theory, constitutional conventions, and human rights law. All of them will support you as you develop understanding, deepen your legal knowledge, and hone your critical evaluation skills.
Information for this module is currently unavailable.
This course is compulsory for second year students who have not taken Law 105 in their first year. The EU as a legal system operates differently to English law, as such; this module will give you a basic understanding of the European Union (EU). The institutions of the EU, the way law is created and developed, the principles governing relations between the EU and its Member States, and the substantive law of the EU will introduce you to new concepts. The course as a whole focuses most greatly on the constitutional aspects of the EU; however you will also be introduced to substantive law relating to the free movement of goods and persons.
How does the law relate to land and property? And is the current law still fit for the 21st Century?
Our Land Law module immerses you in real life scenarios to promote an understanding of how the law actually works. You are given the opportunity to work through legal problems as though you are advising a client, and we discuss some of the documentation and protocols that are used by property lawyers.
We encourage lively debate and discussion - by the end of the module you will be able to think and reason logically and creatively, to challenge convention and to understand how land law has shaped our environment and society. You will also have a greater appreciation of the ways in which land law has developed and changed.
Topics covered include:
co-ownership of family homes and division of property between cohabitees
mortgage law, including undue influence and the rights of lenders and borrowers
landlord and tenant law, including the law on tenants’ rights and ‘sham licences’
adverse possession and squatters’ rights
rights of airspace and the three dimensions of land ownership
the law of easements and restrictive covenants
You will be taught by lecturers who are specialists in their field and active researchers. Current, cutting-edge research within the teaching team addresses the system of land registration for the protection of title or ownership of land, and, the history of property law and how well it works – with a focus on access to land and the different ways in which property can be valued.
This core module introduces students to torts. Students critically explore the key torts and tort principles including, trespass to the person, negligence, torts of strict liability and vicarious liability. Students also consider defences to torts and remedies for aggrevied parties.
How do political forces and legal practices intersect in industrial nations? How do courts function in North America as compared to Russia? How are legal systems and politics connected through the adjudication of criminal justice?
Courts, Law and Politics in Comparative Perspective compares and contrasts the intersections between courts, law and politics in several countries and offers an engaging insight into the different jurisdictions.
We pursue contemporary themes and begin by addressing developments in North America. We also study Soviet Law, post-dictatorial, and post-conflict states.
The teaching of each of these topic is informed by the cutting-edge research of the lecturers whose interests focus on the areas of maladministration of justice and transitional criminal justice.
The ability to evaluate legal frameworks in a comparative perspective is an invaluable skill. This course will strengthen your understanding of laws and their role in the construction and shaping of societies.
How does the law define familial relationships? And how do the law and family justice systems regulate those relationships – between adults, and between parents and children?
Our Family Law module focuses on these key questions, and more. We will delve into family life and intimate relationships, exploring issues such as marriage, divorce and custody. You will critically evaluate legal issues relating to family, and develop a sound legal understanding of how the law affects family relationships and resolves familial conflicts.
Topics covered in this module include:
Forming Legal Relationships
Ending Legal Relationships
Parents and Children
Child Arrangements Orders (Residence)
Child Arrangements Orders (Contact)
Abuse within the Family (Adults)
Abuse within the Family (Children)
Teaching is via weekly lectures and workshops. You will undertake group work in the workshops and engage in debates that are pertinent to the body of Family Law. Written feedback is given at the end of each workshop cycle.
The module is assessed via MCQ and written exam.
This module provides a fascinating legal perspective on one of the most prominent events in modern history: the Holocaust.
Taking international criminal law as the context, and focusing on ten “forgotten trials”, we will critically evaluate complex issues, review incriminating evidence and eye-witness testimony, and map out the way that public memory of the Holocaust has formed over time.
The module’s syllabus will draw particular attention to:
the way in which national prosecutors approached the charge of conspiracy to murder
how perpetrators of the Holocaust were dealt with in courtrooms around the world
the ways in which different legal systems responded to the atrocities
The module is led by Dr Agata Fijalkowski, a specialist in the field, with active research interests in international criminal law. Teaching combines seminars, tutorials and lectures and you will be encouraged to read as widely as possible on the subject. This module promotes your skills in critical analysis and debate.
What are human rights? How are they implemented or contravened? What is the relationship between complex human rights issues and society today?
This module uses the context of the European human rights regime to investigate civil liberties and human rights protection. You will adopt a critical and comparative approach as you gain a comprehensive grounding in the law of human rights.
We will tackle some of the most complex and relevant issues such as the right to life, freedom from torture, freedom of expression, and capital punishment. Specific case studies allow you to engage with issues and questions regarding whistle-blowing and enforced disappearances.
Our teaching is research-led and combines seminars, tutorials and lectures. You will be encouraged to read as widely as possible on the subject and we will help you to develop your skills in critical analysis, discourse and debate.
This module can be taken in Years 2 or 3 and is taught in the Michaelmas term.
This course in International Human Rights is aimed at introducing the students to the content of human rights as protected by international human rights law and to the structures and procedures in place to monitor their implementation. The course will focus on the international context through the United Nations system, as well as regional human rights systems when relevant. The course takes an interdisciplinary approach and will look at the way in which political and social structures in contemporary society influence the enjoyment of human rights. Substantive topics of current human rights standards will be discussed. This will partly be through a study of international treaties, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and partly through the study of specific protection for vulnerable groups, such as minorities and children. Contemporary challenges to human rights will also be addressed such as conflict and development.
This is a half module that introduces year two undergraduates to a wide range of commercial law issues and thereby enables them to specialise further in the third year. The course is foundational and seeks to enable students to place discrete commercial law options in the appropriate context. There will be an introduction to the substantive topics of commercial law such as the structures of companies and the law in relation to the Sale of Goods as well as a discussion of modern commerce.
The theory of the law is very much the focus of this course. The module investigates such questions as "what is law?", "why is law obeyed?", and “what are the relationships between law and power and authority?" Theorists such as Dicey and Raz will be explored in further detail, as will some of the issues touched upon in the public law course. The module will begin by examining natural law and positivism before moving on to considering alternative approaches to “what is law” such as legal realism, post modernism, interpretivism and systems theory.
What are the challenges facing the legal profession? What place did, and do, lawyers hold in society? And how are they represented in fiction?
Lawyers and Society tackles key questions around the organisational and institutional structures of the legal profession, taking a close look at the contemporary challenges that it now faces.
While the module primarily focuses on the Anglo-Welsh system, we will also address other systems through literature on law in the USA, Australia and other commonwealth jurisdictions.
Topics covered in the module include:
an appreciation of the current status of the legal profession, including its globalised context
‘Tesco Law’ and law in an information/digital age
business, economic and ethical considerations in the legal profession, lawyering and access to justice
implications of key statues such as the Legal Services Act
issues of diversity within the legal profession
Throughout the module, you will develop a solid understanding of issues relating to lawyer/client interactions, such as ethics, confidentiality, legal professional privilege, conflict of interest. And, unique to this module, you will study representations of lawyers and lawyering in fictional settings, such as TV, film, literature and plays.
This module exposes you to a range of debates and encourages you to think creatively and critically, as well as from a socio-legal perspective.
The employment law course aims to give an understanding of how the law regulates employment relationships within the context of the British industrial relations system. Examples of potential topics of exploration in this module include, the development of Employment Law, incorporating sources and institutions of such. The relationship between employment law and other legal concepts will be discussed, notably in the discussion of the linkage between employment Law and human rights and the role of the ‘contract of employment’. Further substantive, practical areas of employment law will also be introduced, notably the law in respect of discipline and termination of employment, as well as redundancy and unfair dismissal.
This course covers the major types of trust and the key elements required for their validity and operation as well as relevant aspects of equitable remedies. The overarching imposition of Equity will be interwoven with the discussion of the substantive types of trust. As well as an in-depth exploration of the workings of each mode of trust, the emergence of each will also be examined before modern uses and policies are considered. Key current developments in relation to the law of trusts will also be drawn upon.
The Clinical Legal Education module will allow you to provide legal advice in real-life cases. You will take instructions from a client, identify the relevant issues at hand, conduct research on an appropriate strategy to resolve this dispute legally and communicate advice to the client. By doing this, you will develop your legal skills, particularly your research, fact-analysis and legal analysis. It will provide an insight into how law operates in practice and how those providing legal advice are bound by codes of ethics. In doing this, you will be under the supervision of a professionally-qualified solicitor or barrister.
This module examines a number of important theories of contract. You will learn to conceptualise contracts more effectively and discover approaches to gain a better understanding of both contract law and the phenomenon and process of contracting itself. Analyses covered include Fuller’s “interests” approach, Havighurst’s “uses” of contract, Macneil’s relational contract theory, and Adams and Brownsword’s ideological approach. The module involves reading original scholarly writings and developing responses to the material. You will then apply the ideas learned to major aspects of contract doctrine to gain a better and clearer understanding both of these doctrines and of the theories themselves.
The company law course covers the key areas of company law from incorporation to insolvency including corporate personality and piercing the corporate veil, the company’s constitution, contracts and companies, directors’ duties and minority shareholder protection. These practical, substantive areas of company law are discussed in accordance with relevant theories relating to the corporation and its role in society generally.
The Competition Law module is designed to give students a good grounding in contemporary competition law and the economics and policy which underlie it. The main focus will be on EU and UK competition law, but reference will also be made to US and Australian law where it provides a useful counterpoint. The course will examine the way in which antitrust and behavioural economics interact and inform the development of competition law and policy. Substantive areas such as the main EU antitrust provisions, their UK counterparts, and the merger control regimes in the EU and UK will be covered. The module will cover the basic provisions but special focus will be given to areas of controversy or recent reform. The enforcement of the law will also be given special consideration.
The Criminal Justice System has been constantly discussed in recent years by politicians, journalists and academics and the subject is vast and constantly shifting. This course seeks to explore selected issues in the area of Crime and Criminal Justice using a large number of sources to reflect the depth and variety of ways in which the subject can be approached. Students will be asked to consider whether, despite the interdependency of many of the Criminal Justice Agencies and some central themes, there is any real system at all. Students will be encouraged, wherever possible, to create their own understanding of the Criminal Justice System through their own experiences. Even brief visits to courts, police stations, barristers’ chambers etc. can often open students’ eyes and provoke a more analytical and critical response to the subject than detailed study alone. The outline Syllabus includes key themes in Crime and Criminal Justice, women in the Criminal Justice System, sentencing policy and procedure and prisoners and the law.
This course introduces students to the principles of the law of evidence in criminal cases. It also introduces students to the nature and theory of proof. These general issues are developed through the study of particular topics such as the burden and standard of proof; confessions and illegally obtained evidence; disputed identification evidence and other warnings to the jury; hearsay; the credibility of witnesses and bad character evidence.
This module seeks to explain, analyse and evaluate some of the legal rules, concepts and values governing and regulating gender and the law. It will take law as an object of study and seek to examine the relationship between gender and law. It will explore the notion that law is a representation of a world that has very distinctive and idiosyncratic characteristics (such as bigotry and discrimination). You will be introduced to some of the theoretical basis regarding the socio-legal construction of gender (as distinct from the socio-legal construction of sex).
The syllabus is likely to include; Introduction to Gender Studies; Feminist Jurisprudence; Introduction to Michael Foucault; Introduction to Judith Butler; Introduction to Queer Theory; Exploring the difference(s) between ‘sex’ and ‘gender’; Pornography; Gendered War Crimes; Constructions of gender in popular discourse; Body Modification; Discrimination in the work place.
This syllabus may change according to the guest lecturers on the course.
This course introduces students to the underlying conceptual framework and basic principles of health care law and ethics. You will use your understanding of these foundational issues through exploring specific and complex areas of health care law and practice, from medico-legal and ethical perspectives. Substantive areas of healthcare and medical law will be discussed with reference to the moral and ethical considerations often inherent in this area of law. In addition to this, the topics of study will reflect current medical advances and the developing nature of medical and ethical practice.
This course introduces students to the principles of UK immigration and asylum law. Asylum is a subject seldom out of the press and it has received unprecedented political attention in the last decade. Given that immigration is now such a wide subject, with seven major new statutes in the last decade, students will only be introduced to selected highlights and the course will focus mainly on the asylum process. Consideration of the general issues is developed through the study of particular topics such as the nature of an asylum claim and the link between human rights and asylum. Immigration detention and the foreign prisoner crisis and deportation issues will also be discussed. Students will be required independently to visit the Asylum and Immigration Tribunal prior to or in the first two weeks of the course and that the coursework essay is based on a title of the students own choosing.
This course will introduce you to the field of international human rights law. The course will provide you with an overview of the historical and philosophical foundations of human rights, various substantive rights that are protected through universal and regional instruments, as well as giving a general introduction to the international mechanisms for human rights protection and promotion. The course aims to provide the student with both substantive and procedural knowledge of human rights protection, as well as knowledge and understanding of some of the key contemporary challenges in international human rights law. The indicative syllabus will cover a variety of substantive topics in terms of current human rights standards. This will partly be a study of international treaties, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and partly be the study of specific protection for vulnerable groups, such as minorities and women as well as current issues in human rights law such as poverty, non-state actors and conflict. The way in which local and global political and social structures influence the enjoyment of human rights will also be addressed.
To what extent does English law accommodate religious belief and practice? How has the law interacted with religion historically? What is the current interplay between law and religion? And how does the UK model of religious accommodation compare with those adopted in European jurisdictions?
Religion in the 21st century continues to attract and engage the attention of the government, parliament and the courts - as it has done throughout English legal history. Law and Religion, an engaging, policy-significant and popular module, will tackle the central questions outlines above and introduce you to the laws that regulate religion and belief in the UK.
The module covers the following topics:
history of relationship between religion and English law
legal definition of religion
legal status of established and non-established religious groups
religion in schools
Our module is unique in its particular focus on two very pertinent topics in the area of religion and law: the application of Islamic law in the UK, and religious tribunals in the UK. The lead lecturer feeds cutting-edge research regarding the phenomenon of Shariah tribunals in the UK into this module, ensuring that your studies link to issues that are high on the agenda of policy makers and are part of current media discussion.
Clinical Legal Education (Miscarriages of Justice) forms part of Lancaster University Law Clinic. As a clinical education module, the students will learn through practice, in this case investigating potential miscarriages of justice. Those studying this module will need to develop the skills to synthesise complex material, identify potential issues worth investigating, understand the thresholds for criminal appeals and consider how best to make a referral to the Criminal Cases Review Commission if the threshold is met.
Lancaster University offers a range of programmes, some of which follow a structured study programme, and others which offer the chance for you to devise a more flexible programme. We divide academic study into two sections - Part 1 (Year 1) and Part 2 (Year 2, 3 and sometimes 4). For most programmes Part 1 requires you to study 120 credits spread over at least three modules which, depending upon your programme, will be drawn from one, two or three different academic subjects. A higher degree of specialisation then develops in subsequent years. For more information about our teaching methods at Lancaster visit our Teaching and Learning section.
Information contained on the website with respect to modules is correct at the time of publication, but changes may be necessary, for example as a result of student feedback, Professional Statutory and Regulatory Bodies' (PSRB) requirements, staff changes, and new research.
Your law degree can open doors to a wide range of careers within, and beyond, the legal sector. We carefully devise, structure and support our degree programmes to ensure that you are prepared for the next step towards a career of your choosing.
Throughout your time at Lancaster University Law School you will:
All of this ensures that you have the best chance to stand out in a crowded employment marketplace.
Your Law degree can lead to a wide choice of rewarding jobs in the public, private and third sectors.
Roles in the legal profession include: Solicitor, Barrister, Paralegal, Legal Executive, Trademark or Patent Attorney, Legal Secretary.
Wider roles with an appreciation of, and a need for, legal understanding include: Legal Recruitment Consultant, Chartered Company Secretary, Compliance Officer, Investment Banker, and many more.
Many of our graduates also go on to Graduate Training Schemes or pursue opportunities with: Civil Service, Ministry of Justice, Probation Service, HM Courts and Tribunal Service, HMRC, Local Government and Trading Standards.
An undergraduate degree can also lead on to further study or academia.
We set our fees on an annual basis and the 2018/19 entry fees have not yet been set.
As a guide, our fees in 2017 were:
Some science and medicine courses have higher fees for students from
the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. You can find more details here:
For full details of the University's financial support packages including eligibility criteria, please visit our fees and funding page
Students also need to consider further costs which may include books, stationery, printing, photocopying, binding and general subsistence on trips and visits. Following graduation it may be necessary to take out subscriptions to professional bodies and to buy business attire for job interviews.