Dr Elizabete Carmo-Silva


Research Overview

Elizabete is interested in photosynthesis and plant responses to fluctuations in the environment, in particular light and temperature. Her PhD studies focused on photosynthesis and photorespiration in C4 grasses under drought stress. During her post-doctoral research she specialized on Rubisco activation by its molecular chaperone, Rubisco activase, while conducting studies on the interplay between drought and heat stress in cotton. In 2012 she started working on improving photosynthetic performance to increase wheat crop yields at Rothamsted Research, before becoming a lecturer in Plant Sciences for Food Security at the Lancaster Environment Centre in 2015. Her research aims to improve global food security and resource use efficiency by optimising crop performance in response to the changing climate.

Elizabete works closely with all members of the Photosynthesis team at LEC, including Prof Martin Parry, Prof Steve Long, researchers Dr Doug Orr, Dr Marta Oñate Gutierrez, Dr Cristina Sales, Dr Iván Jauregui, Dr Rhiannon Page, Dr Mike Page, Dr Dawn Worrall, Dr Sam Taylor, and graduate students Gustaf Degen, Jon Griffin, Yulin (Lynn) Yin.

Alumni: Dr Karen Harper (Research Assistant), André Alcântara (Research Assistant), João Paulo Pennacchi (PhD student), Alice Martins (Research Assistant).

Our research is funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation award RIPE (via a sub-contract to the University of Illinois), and the International Wheat Yield Partnership (IWYP).

Elizabete is a member of the PhD monitoring panel for Plants and Agriculture at LEC and her main teaching includes a second year undergraduate module in Research Design and Delivery as part of the LEC BSc degree schemes in Biology and Ecology & Conservation.

Investigation of the influence of leaf thickness on canopy reflectance and physiological traits in upland and Pima cotton populations
Pauli, D., White, J., Andrade-Sanchez, P., Conley, M., Heun, J., Thorp, K., French, A.N., Hunsaker, D., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Wang, G., Gore, M.A. 17/08/2017 In: Frontiers in Plant Science. 8, 18 p.
Journal article

Extraction of Rubisco to Determine Catalytic Constants
Orr, D.J., Carmo-Silva, A.E. 8/08/2017 In: Photosynthesis: Methods and Protocols. Springer Science + Business Media
Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Phenotyping of field-grown wheat in the UK highlights contribution of light response of photosynthesis and flag leaf longevity to grain yield
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Andralojc, P.J., Scales, J.C., Driever, S.M., Mead, A., Lawson, T., Raines, C., Parry, M.A.J. 15/06/2017 In: Journal of Experimental Biology. 68, 13, p. 3473-3486. 14 p.
Journal article

Uncertainty in measurements of the photorespiratory CO2 compensation point and its impact on models of leaf photosynthesis
Walker, B., Orr, D.J., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Parry, M.A.J., Bernacchi, C.J., Ort, D.R. 06/2017 In: Photosynthesis Research. 132, 3, p. 245-255. 11 p.
Journal article

Rubisco and Rubisco activase play an important role in the biochemical limitations of photosynthesis in rice, wheat and maize under high temperature and water deficit
Perdomo, J.A., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Galmés, J. 13/04/2017 In: Frontiers in Plant Science. 8, 15 p.
Journal article

Rubisco small subunits from the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas complement Rubisco-deficient mutants of Arabidopsis
Atkinson, N., Leitão, N., Orr, D.J., Meyer, M., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Griffiths, H., Smith, A., McCormick, A. 04/2017 In: New Phytologist. 214, 2, p. 655-667. 13 p.
Journal article

Acclimation of biochemical and diffusive components of photosynthesis in rice, wheat and maize to heat and water deficit: implications for modeling photosynthesis
Perdomo, J.A., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Hermida-Carrera, C., Flexas, J., Galmés, J. 22/11/2016 In: Frontiers in Plant Science. 7, 16 p.
Journal article

Surveying Rubisco diversity and temperature response to improve crop photosynthetic efficiency
Orr, D.J., Melao Alcantara, A., Kapralov, M.V., Andralojc, P.J., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Parry, M.A.J. 3/10/2016 In: Plant Physiology. 172, 2, p. 707-717. 11 p.
Journal article

Heat tolerance in a wild Oryza species is attributed to maintenance of Rubisco activation by a thermally stable Rubisco activase ortholog
Scafaro, A., Gallé, A., van Rie, J., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Salvucci, M.E., Atwell, B.J. 08/2016 In: New Phytologist. 211, 3, p. 899-911. 13 p.
Journal article

Towards engineering carboxysomes into C3 plants
Hanson, M.R., Lin, M.T., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Parry, M.A.J. 07/2016 In: The Plant Journal. 87, 1, p. 38-50. 13 p.
Journal article

Field-based high-throughput plant phenotyping reveals the temporal patterns of quantitative trait loci associated with stress-responsive traits in cotton
Pauli, D., Andrade-Sanchez, P., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Gazave, E., French, A., Heun, J., Hunsaker, D., Lipka, A., Setter, T., Strand, R., Thorp, K., Wang, S., White, J., Gore, M. 1/04/2016 In: G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics. 6, 4, p. 865-879. 15 p.
Journal article

Rubisco catalytic properties of wild and domesticated relatives provide scope for improving wheat photosynthesis
Prins, A., Orr, D.J., Andralojc, P.J., Reynolds, M.P., Carmo-Silva, E., Parry, M.A.J. 03/2016 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 67, 6, p. 1827-1838. 12 p.
Journal article

Proximal hyperspectral sensing and data analysis approaches for field-based plant phenomics
Thorp, K.R., Gore, M.A., Andrade-Sanchez, P., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Welch, S.M., White, J.W., French, A.N. 10/2015 In: Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 118, p. 225-236. 12 p.
Journal article

Optimizing Rubisco and its regulation for greater resource use efficiency
Carmo-Silva, E., Scales, J.C., Madgwick, P.J., Parry, M.A.J. 09/2015 In: Plant, Cell and Environment. 38, 9, p. 1817-1832. 16 p.
Journal article

TaER expression is associated with transpiration efficiency traits and yield in bread wheat
Zheng, J., Yang, Z., Madgwick, P.J., Carmo-Silva, E., Parry, M.A.J., Hu, Y.G. 5/06/2015 In: PLoS ONE. 10, 6, 17 p.
Journal article

Dynamic response of plant chlorophyll fluorescence to light, water and nutrient availability
Cendrero-Mateo, M.P., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Porcar-Castell, A., Hamerlynck, E.P., Papuga, S.A., Moran, M.S. 1/06/2015 In: Functional Plant Biology. 42, 8, p. 746-757. 12 p.
Journal article

Development and evaluation of a field-based high-throughput phenotyping platform
Andrade-Sanchez, P., Gore, M.A., Heun, J.T., Thorp, K.R., Carmo-Silva, A.E., French, A.N., Salvucci, M.E., White, J.W. 2014 In: Functional Plant Biology. 41, 1, p. 68-79. 12 p.
Journal article

Activation of interspecies-hybrid Rubisco enzymes to assess different models for the Rubisco-Rubisco activase interaction
Wachter, R.M., Salvucci, M.E., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Barta, C., Genkov, T., Spreitzer, R.J. 11/2013 In: Photosynthesis Research. 117, 1-3, p. 557-566. 10 p.
Journal article

Rubisco activity and regulation as targets for crop improvement
Parry, M.A.J., Andralojc, P.J., Scales, J.C., Salvucci, M.E., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Alonso, H., Whitney, S.M. 1/01/2013 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 64, 3, p. 717-730. 14 p.
Journal article

Decreased CO 2 availability and inactivation of Rubisco limit photosynthesis in cotton plants under heat and drought stress in the field
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Gore, M.A., Andrade-Sanchez, P., French, A.N., Hunsaker, D.J., Salvucci, M.E. 11/2012 In: Environmental and Experimental Botany. 83, p. 1-11. 11 p.
Journal article

The temperature response of CO 2 assimilation, photochemical activities and Rubisco activation in Camelina sativa, a potential bioenergy crop with limited capacity for acclimation to heat stress
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Salvucci, M.E. 11/2012 In: Planta. 236, 5, p. 1433-1445. 13 p.
Journal article

Rubisco activity is associated with photosynthetic thermotolerance in a wild rice (Oryza meridionalis)
Scafaro, A.P., Yamori, W., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Salvucci, M.E., von Caemmerer, S., Atwell, B.J. 09/2012 In: Physiologia Plantarum. 146, 1, p. 99-109. 11 p.
Journal article

Use of a moving platform for field deployment of plant sensors
Andrade-Sanchez, P., Heun, J.T., Gore, M.A., French, A.N., Carmo-Silva, E., Salvucci, M.E. 1/01/2012 In: American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2012, ASABE 2012. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers p. 2789-2797. 9 p.

The activity of Rubisco's molecular chaperone, Rubisco activase, in leaf extracts
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Salvucci, M.E. 09/2011 In: Photosynthesis Research. 108, 2, p. 143-155. 13 p.
Journal article

Isolation and Compositional analysis of a CP12-associated complex of Calvin Cycle enzymes from Nicotiana tabacum
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Marri, L., Sparla, F., Salvucci, M.E. 1/06/2011 In: Protein and Peptide Letters. 18, 6, p. 618-624. 7 p.
Journal article

Purification of Rubisco activase from leaves or after expression in Escherichia coli
Barta, C., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Salvucci, M.E. 7/03/2011 In: Methods in Molecular Biology. 684, p. 363-374. 12 p.
Journal article

Rubisco activase activity assays
Barta, C., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Salvucci, M.E. 7/03/2011 In: Methods in Molecular Biology. 684, p. 375-382. 8 p.
Journal article

Isolation of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase from leaves.
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Barta, C., Salvucci, M.E. 24/09/2010 In: Methods in Molecular Biology. 684, p. 339-347. 9 p.
Journal article

Rubisco activities, properties, and regulation in three different C4 grasses under drought
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Keys, A.J., Andralojc, P.J., Powers, S.J., Arrabaa, M.C., Parry, M.A.J. 1/05/2010 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 61, 9, p. 2355-2366. 12 p.
Journal article

Effects of rapidly imposed water deficit on photosynthetic parameters of three C4 grasses
Soares-Cordeiro, A.S., Carmo-Silva, A.E., da Silva, A.B., da Silva, J.M., Keys, A.J., Arrabaça, M.C. 1/08/2009 In: Photosynthetica. 47, 2, p. 304-308. 5 p.
Journal article

Grasses of different C4 subtypes reveal leaf traits related to drought tolerance in their natural habitats: changes in structure, water potential, and amino acid content
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Francisco, A., Powers, S.J., Keys, A.J., Ascensão, L., Parry, M.A.J., Arrabaça, M.C. 1/07/2009 In: American Journal of Botany. 96, 7, p. 1222-1235. 14 p.
Journal article

Drought stress increases the production of 5-hydroxynorvaline in two C4 grasses
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Keys, A.J., Beale, M.H., Ward, J.L., Baker, J.M., Hawkins, N.D., Arrabaça, M.C., Parry, M.A.J. 03/2009 In: Phytochemistry. 70, 5, p. 664-671. 8 p.
Journal article

The activities of PEP carboxylase and the C4 acid decarboxylases are little changed by drought stress in three C4 grasses of different subtypes
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Bernardes Da Silva, A., Keys, A.J., Parry, M.A.J., Arrabaça, M.C. 09/2008 In: Photosynthesis Research. 97, 3, p. 223-233. 11 p.
Journal article

Photorespiration in C4 grasses remains slow under drought conditions
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Powers, S.J., Keys, A.J., Arrabaça, M.C., Parry, M.A.J. 07/2008 In: Plant, Cell and Environment. 31, 7, p. 925-940. 16 p.
Journal article

Rubisco regulation: a role for inhibitors
Parry, M.A.J., Keys, A.J., Madgwick, P.J., Carmo-Silva, A.E., Andralojc, P.J. 05/2008 In: Journal of Experimental Botany. 59, 7, p. 1569-1580. 12 p.
Journal article

Photosynthetic responses of three C4 grasses of different metabolic subtypes to water deficit
Carmo-Silva, A.E., Soares, A.S., Marques Da Silva, J., Bernardes Da Silva, A., Keys, A.J., Arrabaça, M.C. 28/03/2007 In: Functional Plant Biology. 34, 3, p. 204-213. 10 p.
Journal article