Full time 12 Month(s)
The LLM International Law and International Relations examines global politics and international law and the fascinating interplay between the two. Jointly delivered by our prestigious Law School and the highly ranked and regarded Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion (PPR), it enables you to explore the theory and the practice of international relations and international law, and deepen your understanding of the ways that legal principles apply to inter-state relations.
Our Law School is home to the Centre for Crime, Law and Justice, the Centre for Law and Society, and the Centre for Child and Family Justice. These influential centres underpin our postgraduate teaching and you will have access to the much sought-after expertise of academics working at the forefront of research into international affairs, legal and socio-legal issues.
The pathway for the LLM ensures a duality: five modules from the Law School and PPR, and a 20,000 word dissertation, enable you to pursue your own interests whilst becoming practiced at looking at issues from different perspectives.
Your core modules are International Law, Major Approaches to the Study of International Relations, and the LLM Dissertation.
You will study further elective modules from the Law School and/or PPR. We pride ourselves on the breadth of options available and you can focus on the issues that most interest you. Elective modules include (among many others): Theorising Security and War; Environmental Law; International Relations and Politics of the Middle East; Law and Global Health; Conflict Management and Contemporary Conflicts; and, the Rights of Peoples.
The dissertation is an independent, in-depth inquiry into a research topic of your choosing. The topic will link to a key legal or political question or issue and may also directly relate to your professional/career interests. This is your opportunity to make a contribution to the academic community with new, original research and writing. A dissertation supervisor will provide you with support and introduce you to relevant research; their personal research interests will closely align with your chosen topic wherever possible.
Our teaching approach is international in scope and comparative by nature, and we actively encourage you to build a beneficial network of academics, peers and alumni during your time with us. All of this will help you to broaden your experience, deepen your understanding, and prepare for your next step.
Your postgraduate LLM/MA degree opens doors to a huge range of careers and provides high-level training for those pursuing careers in areas such as foreign and international affairs, national and international non-governmental organisations, journalism and international business.
You will develop: the skills required to critically evaluate cutting-edge research; inter-disciplinary skills; and, analytical and communications skills. All of which are a real boost in any sector and highly prized by employers.
The LLM/MA is also an ideal stepping stone to PhD study and academia.
Please note: We welcome applications from students without prior study of politics, law or international relations, but you would be expected to work hard to make up the gap to master advanced level study of these subjects.
You will study a range of modules as part of your course, some examples of which are listed below.
Diverse and fascinating: the rules, laws and customs that govern inter-state relationships come into sharp focus in this module. It provides you with a base from which you can further your study of specific areas of international law.
As we explore the essential elements of international law, and the way that they are used to shape the world in which we live, you will gain an in-depth understanding of both theory and practice. You will be given ‘real’ examples of international law to critically assess, allowing you to identify its shortcomings and challenges.
You will be introduced to fundamental principles and concepts of international law and to some topical issues:
Our prestigious Law School is home to some of the most highly-regarded international lawyers and research-active lecturers - you will benefit from their expertise as they teach on areas closely aligned with their own research interests.
The module involves the negotiation, design and delivery of a research project whose precise topic will be determined by the student and the project supervisor.
The dissertation will be 20,000 words in length and is designed to provide students with the opportunity to consolidate their existing knowledge and skills base while developing new knowledge and skills made possible by its project-orientated nature.
This module aims to provide students with a broad understanding of the main areas of study within the field of international relations (IR). The introductory session addresses the general question as to what constitutes the study of IR. Subsequent sessions examine the major approaches to the discipline (both mainstream and critical), focusing upon the distinctive insights and analyses that they have brought to bear.
Students will gain a comprehensive understanding of the nature of the wide-ranging theoretical debates that have shaped the discipline and will develop an understanding of the importance of questions of theory to the way in which we study IR. More particularly, students will be able:
• To understand the importance and role of theories to the study of IR• To understand the interpretation of the world and of IR put forward by each theory• To identify the central assumptions and features underlying each of those theories• To analyse the points of debate between these theories and critically assess them• To evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of each theory• To apply the theoretical tools to the “facts out there” (linking theory with practice)• To develop presentational and organisational skills through the seminar component of the course
Scott Burchill et al., Theories of International Relations, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, Fourth edition, 2009.Tim Dunne et al., International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity, second edition, OUP, Oxford, 2010.
We live in a world where an increasing amount of business is conducted across international borders. International Business Law and Institutions (WTO)considers the role of law, institutions, law makers and regulators in the international business environment.
You will look at the international legal and institutional framework that regulates transnational business and you will analyse the nature of legal and regulatory arrangements, including:
A combination of independent reading and regular seminars with our highly-regarded, research-active lawyers and academics will provide you with a sound grasp of this fascinating legal area.
Three main questions arise when civil and commercial disputes before the English courts contain an international element. These are the questions that you will tackle in this thought-provoking module:
How do we decide which court can legitimately claim jurisdiction in relation to the dispute?
Which system of law will the court claiming jurisdiction apply to the dispute?
And, once a decision has been reached by the courts in one country, under what circumstances will that decision be recognised or enforced in the other country or countries?
For example: a contract between an English company and a French company is to be performed in Germany. Should the French, the German or the English courts hear the dispute? Should the contract be governed by French, German or English law? And, if the dispute is decided in England by an English court applying French law, can this decision be enforced against a German defendant in Germany?
This module is delivered through a series of intensive seminars facilitating discussion between you, your peers, and the lecturer who is a recognised expert in the commercial conflict of laws. The module is informed by the lecturer's cutting-edge research on issues at the forefront of legal knowledge. You will be encouraged to form your own considered views on contentious issues
In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the 'internationalisation' of family law and the consequent study and practice of family law has become increasingly globalized. Cross border families experience problems which extend beyond national boundaries, often involving the laws of one or more States, and where the parties reside in, or are citizens of, different states. The issues include international adoption, child abduction, divorce, custody and cross boarder maintenance.
This module examines comparatively the changing nature of policy-making in advanced industrial democracies, focusing primarily on government and politics in Western Europe and North America.
At the end of the module, students will be able to: demonstrate an in-depth knowledge of the academic study of public policy; display an appreciation of the different demands placed upon policy-makers; show an awareness of the different types of theoretical perspectives that have been developed in the political science literature on public policy; identify the role of governmental institutions in the policy making process; distinguish between key policy areas such as economic, social, home and foreign affairs; directly link issues discussed in the curriculum to future employability in public policy.
The module is taught in weekly two-hour seminars. These will commence in Week 1 and will run for ten weeks, covering the topics listed below:
1. Studying the ‘quality of democracy’2. Theories of power and organisations3. Policy-making in practice4. Government and legislation5. Multi-Level Governance6. Parties and elections7. Economic policy8. Social policy9. Home affairs and justice policy10. Foreign policy Select Bibliography: Michael Hill, The Public Policy Process, Pearson, 2013Anneliese Dodds, Comparative Public Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012Christopher Knill and Jale Tosun, Public Policy: A New Introduction, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012 Paul Cairney, Understanding Public Policy: Theories and Issues, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011
Diplomacy and Foreign Policy are central to the understanding of international politics. The structure of the international system induces a constant need for political dialogue and negotiations. Besides war, diplomacy is the common language states are using to interact on the world stage.
This module introduces students to ways of conceptualizing diplomacy and foreign policy in the 21st century:
• Why do states rely on diplomacy?• What are the current forms and features of diplomacy and foreign policy?• Is diplomacy the only form of international dialogue besides war?• How do states (and statesmen) negotiate?• How has diplomacy evolved throughout history?• Does ‘global governance’ exist?
The teaching and learning strategy of Diplomacy and Foreign Policy is designed to give students both theoretical and practical understanding of contemporary issues in diplomacy and foreign policy. Academic teaching will be complemented by lectures and in-class activities carried out by practitioners (diplomats, civil servants, etc.). Select Bibliography: R. Barston, Modern Diplomacy, Longman, 2006.G. R. Berridge, Diplomacy: Theory and Practice, Palgrave, 2002.S. Smith et al., Foreign Policy: Theories, Actors, Cases, OUP, 2012.J. P. Muldoon et al., The New Dynamics of Multilateralism Diplomacy, International Organizations, and Global Governance, Westview Press, 2005.A. Heywood, Global Politics, Palgrave, 2011.
Diplomacy and Foreign Policy are central to the understanding of international politics. The structure of the international system induces a constant need for political dialogue and negotiations. Besides war, diplomacy is the common language states are using to interact on the world stage.Complementing the first core module on Diplomacy and Foreign Policy which provides theoretical understanding of the subject, this module applies these theoretical tools to contemporary diplomatic and negotiation issues and great power politics (PPR.430 is NOT a prerequisite though). Indeed, the teaching and learning strategy of Diplomacy and Foreign Policy is designed to give students both theoretical and practical understanding of contemporary issues in diplomacy and foreign policy. Academic teaching will thus be complemented by lectures (diplomats, civil servants, etc.) and in-class activities such as mock negotiation exercises.
Select Bibliography: L.-A. Broadhead, International Environmental Politics: the Limits of Green Diplomacy, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002.M. J. Butler, International Conflict Management, Routledge, 2009.J. A. Larsen and J. J. Wirtz, Arms Control and Cooperative Security, Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2009.D. Lesage et al., Global Energy Governance in a Multipolar World, Ashgate, 2010. J. H. Mittelman, Contesting Global Order: Development, Global Governance and Globalization, Routledge, 2011.I. Shapiro, Containment: Rebuilding a Strategy against Global Terror, Princeton University Press, 2008.J. G. Speth and P. M. Haas, Global Environmental Governance, Island Press, 2006. M. Telo (ed), European Union and Global Governance, Routledge/Garnet Series, 2009. A. Heywood, Global Politics, Palgrave, 2011.
Our world is facing an ever-increasing number of global environmental challenges. This engaging module examines the international legal response to those challenges.
We will delve into the socio-economic, political and scientific implications of environmental problems. As we do so, we will assess the impact of those implications on law and policy-making.
The module focuses on a number of contemporary environmental problems: climate change, marine pollution, the protection of international watercourses, fisheries and biodiversity, and the relationship between trade and the environment. You will assess the strengths and inadequacies of the law in regulating each of these issues.
Your studies will also include:
You will be taught by lecturers who are specialists in their field and active researchers. Current, cutting-edge research within the teaching team informs this module.
This module will enable you to develop your independent research skills in preparation for your dissertation module. It also provides you with the opportunity to study an area of law that is currently unavailable within our optional modules.
This is your opportunity to make a contribution to the legal and academic community with new and original research and writing on a legal issue.
The module structure includes a seminar on Research, Methodology and Writing, workshop sessions and regular meetings with your supervisor to track your progress and help you to set work plans.
How have the principles of environmental law developed? How effective is the environmental law of England and Wales?
Law students and students from Lancaster Environment Centre study side by side on this module. This presents you with a rare interdisciplinary opportunity to share ideas and perspectives between lawyers and scientists. Together, we will explore the sources, principles and effectiveness of environmental law in England and Wales.
Within your studies you will investigate the efficacy and effect of environmental law. Topics analysed include: water pollution, the history of environmental law, green criminology and the protection of the countryside. The module then builds upon this critical analysis to explain how the aqueous, atmospheric and terraneous environments are protected by law.
Environmental law is taught by research-active academics who will introduce you to their cutting-edge research into green criminology, access to the countryside, market mechanisms and environmental protection. This research informs their teaching and you can choose an essay based on these topics or develop your own question with the support of our lecturers.
The overall aim of this module is to introduce students to the role of law in transitional justice and peacebuilding and to provide an overview of the prevailing themes, issues and challenges faced within the field. The module will allow students to examine and critically assess the development and efficacy of various institutions and processes designed to deal with grave & systematic human rights violations in countries which are in transition from conflict or repression, to peace. Students will explore and critically evaluate various mechanisms such as truth commissions and assess their impact and contribution within the wider context of peace building and post-conflict reconstruction. Contemporary challenges in the field such as the inclusion of economic and social rights and gender issues will also be explored.
The course aims to explore a variety of approaches to conflict management in contemporary conflicts, by third parties and parties in conflict, and critically assesses their effectiveness and potential. The course draws its theoretical foundations from peace and conflict research but is aimed at enabling students to learn to assess the scope for conflict management and peace-building in practice. The module includes both academic literature as well as policy relevant papers.
The focus of the course is on analysing peace processes and practical problems of conflict prevention, conflict management and peace-building in a range of contemporary international, internal, ethnic, community and environmental conflicts.
Students will be divided up into groups of two or three, and each group will take responsibility for identifying and investigating a specific approach to conflict management in a conflict of their choice. The choice of cases will vary with the interest of students. In recent year topics included Afghanistan, Chechnya, Georgia, Kashmir, Kosovo, Macedonia, Northern Ireland, Liberia/Sierra Leone, Timor Elste, conflict prevention and the emergent global climate change negotiations, and peace-building in contemporary Africa and Asia.
The course is taught in 10 2-hour lecture seminars, with the first half devoted to the lecture and the second half dedicated to substantial presentations by the student / group.
Barash, David P. & Webel, Charles P. (2008) Peace and Conflict Studies, London: Sage.Darby J & Mac Ginty, R, Contemporary Peacemaking (Palgrave Macmillan, 2002)Eriksen, T. H., Ethnicity and Nationalism (Zed, 2010).Kaldor, M., New & Old Wars (Polity Press, 2006) Lyons, T. (2008) Conflict Management and African Conflicts – Ripeness, Bargaining and Mediation, London: Routledge, 2008)Misra, A. Afghanistan: The Labyrinth of Violence (Polity, 2004).Misra A., Politics of Civil Wars (Routledge 2008)Paris, R., At War’s End (Cambridge Univ. Press. 2005)Ramsbotham, O, Woodhouse T. & Miall, H, Contemporary Conflict Resolution – 3rd edition (Blackwell's, 2010)Rupesinghe, K, Civil Wars, Civil Peace (Pluto Press, 1998)Zartman, I.W., Peacemaking in International Conflict (USIP, 2005)European Centre for Conflict Prevention, People Building Peace (1999)Wallensteen, P., Understanding Conflict Resolution (Sage, 2006)
This course familiarises you with the major issues in the politics and international relations of the contemporary Middle East region. The countries covered include all Arab states and non-Arab states such as Iran and Israel. Deliberately, the course will start with a hard look at the contemporary picture in the region and, from that, ask the questions about how we got there. Digging back will include a broad introduction to the people, society, history and politics of the Middle East. The course will then explore the interplay of factors such as religion, ethnicity, gender and class in the politics of the region; the role played by internal and external actors; issues of conflict in the region; political economies; foreign policies of major states and the perception of what those policies might be; regional integration; the concepts of political Islam and the challenge of democracy and Islam.
The aim of the course is not in the first place to cover in detail all of the most recent events, and it will be assumed that you follow current affairs in the region. Rather, the aim is to undertake a deeper exploration of the region: to help you understand and analyse the dynamics involved in these events and processes. In other words: why did things evolve the way they did, why are they what they appear to be today, and what does this tell us about where they are likely to go in the future? This will be done through guided reading, seminar discussion, and your own research and writing. The topics covered in the course include:• The Middle East after the Arab Spring(s); the shi’i/sunni pulls for influence • “Political Islam” and the concept of the state; the “war on terror” • Where did all this come from? People, society, tribes, money and politics • Voices of the Middle East: religion, ethnicity, gender and class, salafis, language and the Qur’an • Internal and External Actors in the Middle East; diplomacy • Political economies of the region: oil power or dependency? • The Arab-Israeli conflict• Wars now in the region; containment, intervention and persuasion • Democracy in the Middle East; shi’a and sunna; the “gates of ijtihad” Select Bibliography:Mark Allen, Arabs: A New Perspective (Continuum, 2006) Olivier Roy, The Failure of Political Islam (Harvard University Press, 1994)Gilles Kepel, Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam (I. B. Taurus, 2006)Philip Bobbitt, Terror and Consent: The Wars for the Twenty-first Century (Random House, 2009)Marc Lynch, The Arab Uprising: The unfinished revolutions of the New Middle East (Public Affairs Books, 2012)Joumana Haddad, Superman is an Arab: On God, marriage, macho men and other disastrous interventions (Westbourne Press, 2012)Jonathan Schneer, The Balfour Declaration: The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict (Bloomsbury, 2010)Wen-chin Ouyang, Poetics of Love in the Arabic Novel: Nation-state, modernity and tradition (Edinburgh University Press, 2012)Charles Tripp, The Power and the People: Paths of Resistance in the Middle East (CUP, 2014) John Gray, Al Qaeda, And What it Means to be Modern (Faber & Faber, 2003)
Globalisation has become a buzzword in the social sciences and lay discourse. It is often related to the speeding up of global communication and travel, and the transnationalisation of economic, political, social and cultural institutions. The meaning and causes of globalisation are highly debatable. For the purposes of this module globalisation is defined as a complex, paradoxical set of processes, which are multi-scalar, multi-temporal, multi-centric, multi-form, and multi-causal. It produces fragmentation and integration, divergence and convergence as well as continuities and discontinuities. Their overall effect is to reconfigure asymmetries of power and knowledge and this in turn raises questions about governance, inequalities, and resistance in and across different parts of the world. Selected themes range from MacDonaldization through to Wal-Martization and the current financial crisis.
The course is taught on the basis of ten weekly two-hour seminars with short lectures, a 15-20 min. student presentation, and a general discussion in which all are expected to participate. The topics include: the world market, finance and production, labour and migration, global cities, global media and global culture, sovereignty and nation-states, global governance, global cities as well as financial globalization and crisis.
Bauman, Z., Globalization: the Human ConsequencesChossudovsky, M and Marshall, A. The Global Financial CrisisGrant, R & Short, J., Globalization and the MarginsHolton, R. Globalization and the Nation-State (2nd edition)Panitch, L. and Gindin, S. The Making of Global CapitalismPerrons, D., Globalization and Social ChangeSchirato, T & Webb, J., Understanding GlobalizationShort, J., Global DimensionsSteger, M., Globalization: The New Market Ideology
How does the law impact on global health challenges? How is legal governance of global health developing? And what are the challenges facing this important area of law?
Law and Global Health is your chance to examine the growing intersection of international law with global health risks. Our approach enables you to deepen your understanding of abstract theoretical issues before applying them to ‘real life’ examples. We will take a unique approach in considering all steps from law-making to the enforcement of international standards.
We will critically explore a range of contemporary issues, including the threat to global health from infectious diseases such as pandemic influenza and Ebola. We will also consider the structural challenges presented by non-communicable diseases such as obesity.
Rigorous reflection and critical discussion will centre on the current governance challenges including the migration of health care workers, intellectual property rights and benefit sharing amongst international community. The module ends by considering plural systems of norms and law in international health governance, and, their advantages and limitations.
Our prestigious Law School is home to some of the most highly-regarded and research-active lecturers. This module links with the convenor’s expertise in global health governance and his research in West Africa, global aviation standards and the threat of global pandemics.
European Union law impacts on the daily life of half a billion people and is currently facing serious challenges, which makes it an incredibly compelling subject to study.
Our module, European Union Law, will help you to develop a thorough understanding of this area of law by focusing on both perennial and contemporary issues.
We will take on controversial topical questions that have been the subject of public and academic debate - the subjects we’ll cover include:
Our prestigious Law School is home to some of the most highly-regarded, research-active lecturers. You will benefit from their expertise as they teach on areas closely aligned with their own research interests.
How has Competition Law spread internationally and developed at such a swift pace? And how does the EU model of competition law compare with those in the UK and US?
This module examines key questions on contemporary competition law, a fast-moving and unpredictable area of law. As a result, the material that we cover may change in order to track the prevailing issues and latest developments.
However, the starting point of your studies is EU competition law - the leading model for the development of competition regimes at a global level.
This will promote comparative discussion about parallel developments in the US and UK. You will also examine antitrust prohibitions, which control market power and cartels, and merger control.
Your study will be guided by research-active academics who remain close to relevant cases regarding competition law in the EU and globally. The module is delivered via regular seminars, which link to independent reading.
• Do we still know what security and war are?• How convincing are the arguments about the ‘civilizing process’ and changes in war global politics?• What will war look like in the coming century? How will war be shaped by ‘speed’ and the ‘pace of change’ transforming societies?• How serious are the new security challenges – issues like cybersecurity, climate change and urban conflict?
Theorizing helps us to pose and answer these questions. This module introduces students to ways of conceptualizing power, security and war. Since forms of security and war are intimately correlated with forms of cultural political and economic life, theories in this module address: geopolitics, biopolitics, techno-science, digitalization, molecularization, network war, image war and virtual war. The teaching and learning strategy of Theorising Security and War is designed to make students theoretically and philosophically literate in conceptual and analytical schemes that help us understand the geopolitics of security and war. Students should be able to:• demonstrate a broad theoretical competence in relation to key texts in the study of modernity, security and war• develop a critical understanding of key areas of contemporary security studies: such as cybersecurity, environmental security, urban geopolitics and drone theory.• locate a specific theoretical tradition within its wider theoretical and philosophical assumptions and be capable also of critical comparing different traditions in relation both to these assumptions and their different logical and practical entailments
In the process students should be able to demonstrate in written work, group presentation and discussion more refined analytical skills in the interrogation and critical engagement of empirical material and case studies drawn from a wide variety of multi-media sources
Steven Pinker, The Better Angels of Our Nature (Allen Lane, 2012)Gregoire Chamayou, Drone Theory (Penguin 2014)Zygmunt Bauman, Modernity and the Holocaust (Polity, 1989)Paul Virilio, Speed and Politics (Semiotexte, 2008)Stephen Graham, Cities Under Siege (Verso, 2011)Thomas Rid, Cyberwar will not take place (Hurst 2014)Foucault, Michel, Society Must be Defended (Allen Lane, 2003)Castells, Manuel, The Rise of the Network Society (Blackwell's, 2000)Creveld, Martin van, The Transformation of War (Free Press, 1991)
How do international laws protect, govern and shape your human rights?
This course provides an overview of the various rights that are protected through international instruments: civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
You will also be given a general introduction to regional and universal systems for human rights protection and promotion. This will focus on the UN human rights system but you will be encouraged to take a comparative view of regional human rights protection systems.
You will gain a substantive and procedural knowledge of human rights through the international system. And you’ll engage with some key debates in this legal arena, such as the development of human rights and the human rights obligations of non-state actors.
To get the most from this module, you will have some knowledge of general international law and have a law or social science background.
Terrorism continues to be one of the greatest global challenges we face in the pursuit of international peace, stability and security.
This is a stimulating module that explores concepts from many areas of the law, including civil liberties, international law, criminal justice and human rights.
In the course of your studies you will look at the legal definitions of terrorism – from a regional, national, and international perspective. And you’ll have the opportunity to use counter-terrorism case studies to examine specific aspects of preventative justice measures.
This is a fast-moving and unpredictable area of law, so the material that we cover may change in order to track the prevailing issues and latest developments. However, you will consider civil liberties alongside some of the contemporary challenges facing domestic and international legal systems.
The examination of the topics is carried out through a vigorous interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach – offering you greater understanding and appreciation of the subject matter.
National and ethnic tensions lie at the heart of many contemporary international conflicts. But what are the rights of peoples, national minorities and indigenous peoples under international law?
Our Rights of Peoples module takes an in-depth look at this key question and encourages you to critically explore the idea of a national identity and relations between groups within states.
In particular, you will examine:
A combination of independent reading and regular seminars with our highly-regarded, research-active lawyers and academics will provide you with a sound grasp of this fascinating and highly-relevant legal area.
The module is based on the convenor’s monograph, Peoples and International Law, which has been cited before and in the ICJ.
International organisations such as the UN, EU, NATO and IMF play a prominent role in international society. All have rights and obligations under international law but they also hold different positions, exhibit their own personalities, and establish differing systems and structures.
This module seeks to make the concept of international organisations (and their rights and obligations under international law) familiar to you.
In the course of your studies you will look at the structure, membership, law-making powers and accountability of international organisations, taking the United Nations system as your particular focus.
You will also be encouraged to critically analyse the interplay between these prominent organisations and the current body of international law.
Our prestigious Law School is home to some of the most highly-regarded international lawyers and research-active lecturers. The convenor of this module has recently contributed the chapter on International Organisations for the Oxford Handbook on Jurisdiction.
What are the merits of international criminal justice? And what are the main challenges that present themselves in this area of law?
This module provides you with an opportunity to consider these key questions as you benefit from an introduction to substantive international criminal law.
You will explore the central theme of international crimes, deepening your understanding of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. Within your analysis, you will address the role of international courts and tribunals, mixed and hybrid courts and tribunals, as well as developments in national courts.
This is your chance to critically engage with stimulating examples of prosecution and punishment, which are central to the subject of international criminal law. Your studies will be informed by the convenor’s cutting-edge research on transitional criminal justice and retrospective justice.
A combination of independent reading and regular seminars will provide you with a sound grasp of this fascinating legal discipline.
This module seeks to examine law in its social and cultural context, focusing specifically on its gendered context. It is socio-legal in emphasis. In other words, the module examines laws less for their own sake than for what they reveal about the role of law, and its operation in practice. In so doing, the module offers both theoretical and practical engagements with the law and assesses the contribution a feminist perspective can offer to understand socio-legal relations. The module will look, for example, at law’s theoretical underpinnings and its assumptions about the individual. The module will explore various areas of both public and private law and examine law’s role in challenging, creating or reproducing gender relations and the ways in which the law is used to reward and punish different forms of gendered and sexual conduct and identity.
South Asia has been in the news a lot recently because of the global war on terror and its focus on the AF-PAK region and also because of India's rise as a major economic power. South Asia consists of Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and the Maldives. Although the region consists of so many countries, India, is most certainly the most dominant force in the region. Living in a globalised era of interconnectedness, one can no longer afford to ignore powers like India and China which are increasingly asserting themselves both regionally as well as on the global stage.
This module introduces to students the politics, international relations, economics and key security issues of the Indian subcontinent. • Why is it becoming increasingly important to have an understanding of the politics and culture of southern Asia? • What are the key security concerns of the region? • How did British rule impact on the region's development? • How has India treated its contested borderland regions from 1947 till recent times? • What are the current economic challenges that India and other south Asian countries face? • Is it possible to establish a security community in South Asia?
The module has been designed to give students an understanding of the key issues in South Asian politics and international relations. The course will be carried out through lectures and seminars, where students are expected to contribute to academic discussions.
S.Dutt, India in a Globalised World, MUP, 2006.S.Dutt and A.Bansal eds, South Asian Security: 21st Century Discourses, London, Routledge, 2012M.A.Qadeer,Pakistan: Social and Cultural Transformations in a Muslim Nation, Routledge.J.Malik, Madrasas in South Asia: Teaching Terror?, Routledge.A.Riaz, Islamist Militancy in Bangladesh: A Complex Web, Routledge.K.Dash, Regionalism in South Asia, Routledge.J.Alamgir, India's Open Economy Policy, Routledge.A.Bandarage, The Separatist Conflict in Sri Lanka, Routledge.S.Hangen, The Rise of Ethnic Politics in Nepal, Routledge.
Information contained on the website with respect to modules is correct at the time of publication, but changes may be necessary, for example as a result of student feedback, Professional Statutory and Regulatory Bodies' (PSRB) requirements, staff changes, and new research.
Undergraduate Degree: 2:1 (Hons) degree (UK or equivalent) in an appropriate discipline.
If you have studied outside of the UK, you can check your qualifications here: International Qualifications
English Language: IELTS - Overall score of at least 6.5, with no individual element below 5.5
We consider tests from other providers, which can be found here: English language requirements
If your score is below our requirements we may consider you for one of our pre-sessional English language programmes
Pre-sessional English language programmes available:
4 Week Overall score of at least 6.0, with no individual element below 5.5
10 Week Overall score of at least 5.5, with at least 5.5 in writing and no individual element below 5.0
Funding: All applicants should consult our information on Fees and Funding; Faculty Scholarships and Funding; Law School Fees and Funding
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