UCAS Code
FCF3
Entry Year
2017
A Level Requirements
A*AA-AAA
see all requirements
see all requirements
Duration
Full time 4 Year(s)
Unlike traditional science degrees, Natural Sciences at Lancaster will allow you to pick from a wide choice of scientific areas and study two or more science subjects throughout your degree course. This is a challenging programme as you will be taught to the same depth of understanding as single honours students in each subject. Although primarily a science degree, it is possible to study up to one quarter of your degree in a non-science subject.
All students begin their degree studying three subjects. You can choose three sciences or two sciences and a non-science subject. Subjects include Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Communications, Computing, Engineering (Electronic and Mechanical), Environmental Science, Geography, Mathematics, Physics and Psychology and a wide range of humanities and social sciences.
At the end of this year, you can continue studying all three subjects – selecting the part of each single honours degree scheme that suits your abilities and ambitions. Alternatively, you can drop one subject and continue with a two subject degree.
In your second year, you begin to specialise. In each of your chosen subjects you can select from a series of themes, with a considerable variety of modules. For example, Biological Sciences themes include Microbiology and Biomedicine, Biochemistry and Genetics and Ecology and Environmental Biology.
On our MSci course you can choose to complete your studies after three years, and graduate with a BSc degree, or proceed to the fourth year of the MSci degree. The fourth year of the MSci is aimed at students seeking a career in research and development and contains higher level courses plus a major research project component.
Grade Requirements
A Level A*AA-AAA including two sciences
International Baccalaureate 38-36 points overall with 17-16 points from the best 3 Higher Level subjects including 6 in two Higher Level science subjects
BTEC Distinction*, Distinction, Distinction to Distinction, Distinction, Distinction in a relevant subject including sufficient science content at Distinction. BTEC qualifications will be considered on individual basis to assess eligibility
Access to HE Diploma in a relevant subject including Distinctions in the majority of units. Access qualifications will be considered on individual basis to assess eligibility
Other Qualifications We welcome applications from students with other internationally recognised qualifications. For more information please visit the international qualifications webpage or contact the Undergraduate Admissions Office directly
Essential Subjects
A range of Advanced/Higher Level subjects, including two sciences from Biology, Chemistry, Computing, Environmental Science, Geography, Human Biology, Information Technology, Mathematics, Physics or Psychology is required for entry
GCSE Mathematics (B); English Language (C)
IELTS 6.5 (with at least 5.5 in each component)
Further Information
Subject specialism A level subjects affect availability of course specialisms - Mathematics specialism require grade A Mathematics, Physics specialism require grade B in Physics and Mathematics, Chemistry specialism require grade B in Chemistry.
Excluded Subjects General Studies/Critical Thinking/Citizenship
Combination of Qualifications We welcome applications from students with a combination of qualifications, please contact the Undergraduate Admissions Office directly for further advice
Taking a gap year Applications for deferred entry welcomed
Contact Undergraduate Admissions Office + 44 1524 592028 or via ugadmissions@lancaster.ac.uk
Natural Sciences students create their own individual degree programme by combining modules taken from single honours programmes. For example a student combining the study of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry would take the following first year modules:
Optional
This module provides a link between A-level and undergraduate chemistry. It covers topics such as the elements and Periodic Table, atomic structure, properties of atoms, molecular shape, types of bonding and the basic principles of spectroscopic techniques and their use in molecule identification.
The practical laboratory classes include an introduction to chemical synthesis, to build upon skills learned at A-level, and to introduce new lab techniques. Students will use some techniques they may recognise, together with some new techniques, to synthesise and react some simple metal complexes.
This module provides the student with an understanding of functions, limits, and series, and knowledge of the basic techniques of differentiation and integration. We introduce examples of functions and their graphs, and techniques for building new functions from old. We then consider the notion of a limit and introduce the main tools of calculus and Taylor Series. Students will also learn how to add, multiply and divide polynomials, and be introduced to rational functions and their partial fractions.
The exponential function is defined by means of a power series which is subsequently extended to the complex exponential function of an imaginary variable, so that students understand the connection between analysis, trigonometry and geometry. The trigonometric and hyperbolic functions are introduced in parallel with analogous power series so that students understand the role of functional identities. Such functional identities are later used to simplify integrals and to parametrise geometrical curves.
In Classical Mechanics you’ll apply the ideas of fundamental Newtonian mechanics to real large-scale systems such as rotating bodies, planetary systems and classical fluids.
Our focus is on gravitation, and its central importance in determining the large-scale behaviour of the Universe. You’ll look at concepts such as inertial and gravitational mass, Mach's principle, black holes and even dark matter.
We consider how to extend the principles of basic kinematics and dynamics to rotational situations, giving you an understanding of concepts of torque, moment of inertia, centre of mass, angular momentum and equilibrium.
Part of your time will also be spent looking at how to describe basic processes in the properties of materials including elasticity of solids and fluid dynamics.
Covering the basic laws of electromagnetism, this module allows you to investigate the similarities and differences between electric and magnetic fields, and to explore the basic concepts of electromagnetic phenomena including charge, current, field, force and potential.
You’ll begin by studying electrostatics, describing forces and fields due to charge distributions using Coulomb's law and Gauss's law. You’ll also look at the concept of polarisation, and how this can be applied to capacitance and combinations of capacitors.
Later on you will be introduced to magnetostatics, and will learn how to describe it using the concepts of field, flux and force, and the motion of charged particles in a magnetic field. You’ll also look at the origins of magnetic fields and Ampere's law, and Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction.
This module extends the theory of calculus from functions of a single real variable to functions of two real variables. Students will learn more about the notions of differentiation and integration and how they extend from functions defined on a line to functions defined on the plane. We see how partial derivatives help us to understand surfaces, while repeated integrals enable us to calculate volumes. Students will also investigate complex polynomials and use De Moivre’s theorem to calculate complex roots.
In mathematical models, it is common to use functions of several variables. For example, the speed of an airliner can depend upon the air pressure, temperature and wind direction. To study functions of several variables, we introduce rates of change with respect to several quantities. We learn how to find maxima and minima. Applications include the method of least squares.
A vast number of naturally occurring phenomena are modelled by differential equations, for which solutions are required to explain the behaviour of these phenomena. This module provides the student with techniques for solving a number of standard types of differential equation.
Students will apply these methods to naturally occurring phenomena, such as bacterial-population growth, tumour expansion and oscillating systems subject to forcing and friction, in order to explain their behaviour and seek solutions. The method of solution by Laplace transforms is also introduced.
This module introduces the importance of molecular orbital theory in understanding organic reactivity and explains how such reactivity can be accurately represented by curly arrow mechanisms. In addition, we introduce the students to important concepts of acidity, basicity, pKa and leaving group ability. With this key information in hand, the reactivity of a broad range of organic functional groups can be readily explained. As such, in the first half of the course, the student will be equipped with the skills to predict the reactivity of a variety of carbonyl compounds and substitution reactions.
In the second half of the module, substitution reactions at saturated carbon, and elimination reactions will be described. In this context, the students will be able to analyse the various factors involved in determining the outcome of these reactions and predict the reactivity of a variety of organic substrates. Finally, an introduction to the formation of enols and enolates, as well the aldol reaction will be given.
Techniques learned in earlier modules will be built upon in the practical laboratory sessions. Students will address the synthesis of more complex organic molecules and the identification of the synthesised molecules using the full range of spectroscopic techniques, including NMR, IR and UV/vis spectroscopies.
Introducing the theory of matrices together with some basic applications, students will learn essential techniques such as arithmetic rules, row operations and computation of determinants by expansion about a row or a column.
The second part of the module covers a notable range of applications of matrices, such as solving systems of simultaneous linear equations, linear transformations, characteristic equation and eigenvectors and eigenvalues.
The ultimate description of the universe requires quantum and not classical mechanics.
In this module, we begin by investigating how specific experiments led to the breakdown of classical physics, before moving into the quantum world.
You’ll look at the basic ideas of wave mechanics, particularly wave particle duality, as well as considering the probabilistic nature of phenomena and the uncertainty principle through the Schrodinger equation and its solution for simple situations.
This module describes the principles and practice that underpins analytical chemistry and illustrates their utility through a range of challenging analysis applications. Students will gain an understanding of instrumental techniques such as spectrophotometry, spectrofluorimetry, atomic spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, electro analysis, and analytical separations, and they will learn about the differences between these and absolute techniques of chemical analysis.
Taking part in practical sessions, students will measure quantitative solution conductivities of strong-acid/strong-base, strong-acid/weak-base, and strong-acid weak-acid/strong-base systems. They will investigate selectivity coefficients using ion-selective Li, Na and K electrodes. The sessions also help to develop skills in serial dilutions and calibrations, and the use of potentiometry, to analyse a multi-component mixture by UV/vis spectroscopy.
In this module you’ll have the opportunity to explore the nature and methods of physics by considering the different scales of the universe and the areas of physics which relate to them.
You’ll model real phenomena and situations, looking at the physical principles which are fundamental to mechanics, particularly Newton’s laws relating to forces and motion, and the principles of the conservation of energy and momentum.
Later on you’ll also focus on the Special Theory of Relativity, beginning with Einstein's postulates and moving on to inertial reference frames, the physics of simultaneity, length contraction and time dilation, and space-time diagrams.
This module allows you to study the thermal properties of matter, and to gain an understanding of how to relate them to the fundamental mechanical properties of systems.
We begin with an introduction to the concepts of temperature and heat, thermal equilibrium and temperature scales. We then look at how to describe mechanisms of heat transfer, particularly in phase changes and equations of state, and the kinetic model of an ideal gas.
As part of the module you’ll also have the opportunity to explore the first and second laws of thermodynamics, including concepts of internal energy, heat and work done, heat engines and refrigerators, and entropy. You’ll then learn about the role of thermodynamics in describing macroscopic physical situations, looking in particular at temperature, entropy, work, heat, and internal energy.
This module introduces the main physical chemistry topics of bulk materials; thermodynamics, chemical equilibria and reaction kinetics, which control the rate of reaction, the yield of reaction, and the stability of a chemical system. The module also relates these principles to catalysis and enzyme-catalysed reactions, and provides a grounding in material relevant for second year courses.
Practical laboratory classes will build upon concepts in accuracy and precision, and will involve the quantitative reaction of acid-base systems measured using pH meters. Students will calculate the dissociation constant of weak acids and determine the enthalpy of solution from solubility measurements. They will also investigate the variation of reaction rates with temperature.
This would lead on to a wide choice of second, third and fourth year modules in each discipline. For details of individual modules please go to the module list for each degree scheme. This example is just one of a large number of possible combinations of pathways. For more detailed information about pathways please visit the Natural Sciences web page.
Information contained on the website with respect to modules is correct at the time of publication, but changes may be necessary, for example as a result of student feedback, Professional Statutory and Regulatory Bodies' (PSRB) requirements, staff changes, and new research.
Lancaster’s Natural Sciences degree develops skills in data handling, evaluation and interpretation, problem solving in an analytical and logical way, numeracy, IT and project management. These interdisciplinary skills create varied opportunities in many science-related careers.
Previous graduates have entered an extremely varied range of careers, from science-based roles, such as medicine, forensic science and public health, to management, journalism, consultancy and information technology. Many of our graduates have continued on to postgraduate education, both at Lancaster and at other institutions. Recent graduates are now studying Biomedicine and Ecology and the Environment.
We set our fees on an annual basis and the 2017/18 entry fees have not yet been set.
As a guide, our fees in 2016 were:
UK/EU | Overseas |
---|---|
£9,000 | £17,470 |
Lancaster University's priority is to support every student to make the most of their life and education and we have committed £3.7m in scholarships and bursaries. 400 students each year will be entitled to bursaries or scholarships to help them with the cost of fees and/or living expenses. Our financial support depends on your circumstances and how well you do in your A levels (or equivalent academic qualifications) before starting study with us.
Scholarships recognising academic talent:
Bursaries for life, living and learning
Any financial support that you receive from Lancaster University will be in addition to government support that might be available to you (eg fee loans) and will not affect your entitlement to these.
For full details of the University's financial support packages including eligibility criteria, please visit our fees and funding page
Dependent on subject choice the course offers optional field trips which may incur travel costs.
Students also need to consider further costs which may include books, stationery, printing, photocopying, binding and general subsistence on trips and visits. Following graduation it may be necessary to take out subscriptions to professional bodies and to buy business attire for job interviews.
Unlike traditional science degrees, Natural Sciences at Lancaster will allow you to pick from a wide choice of scientific areas and study two or more science subjects throughout your degree course. This is a challenging programme as you will be taught to the same depth of understanding as single honours students in each subject. Although primarily a science degree, it is possible to study up to one quarter of your degree in a non-science subject.
All students begin their degree studying three subjects. You can choose three sciences or two sciences and a non-science subject. Subjects include Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Communications, Computing, Engineering (Electronic and Mechanical), Environmental Science, Geography, Mathematics, Physics and Psychology and a wide range of humanities and social sciences.
At the end of this year, you can continue studying all three subjects – selecting the part of each single honours degree scheme that suits your abilities and ambitions. Alternatively, you can drop one subject and continue with a two subject degree.
In your second year, you begin to specialise. In each of your chosen subjects you can select from a series of themes, with a considerable variety of modules. For example, Biological Sciences themes include Microbiology and Biomedicine, Biochemistry and Genetics and Ecology and Environmental Biology.
On our MSci course you can choose to complete your studies after three years, and graduate with a BSc degree, or proceed to the fourth year of the MSci degree. The fourth year of the MSci is aimed at students seeking a career in research and development and contains higher level courses plus a major research project component.
Grade Requirements
A Level A*AA-AAA including two sciences
International Baccalaureate 38-36 points overall with 17-16 points from the best 3 Higher Level subjects including 6 in two Higher Level science subjects
BTEC Distinction*, Distinction, Distinction to Distinction, Distinction, Distinction in a relevant subject including sufficient science content at Distinction. BTEC qualifications will be considered on individual basis to assess eligibility
Access to HE Diploma in a relevant subject including Distinctions in the majority of units. Access qualifications will be considered on individual basis to assess eligibility
Other Qualifications We welcome applications from students with other internationally recognised qualifications. For more information please visit the international qualifications webpage or contact the Undergraduate Admissions Office directly
Essential Subjects
A range of Advanced/Higher Level subjects, including two sciences from Biology, Chemistry, Computing, Environmental Science, Geography, Human Biology, Information Technology, Mathematics, Physics or Psychology is required for entry
GCSE Mathematics (B); English Language (C)
IELTS 6.5 (with at least 5.5 in each component)
Further Information
Subject specialism A level subjects affect availability of course specialisms - Mathematics specialism require grade A Mathematics, Physics specialism require grade B in Physics and Mathematics, Chemistry specialism require grade B in Chemistry.
Excluded Subjects General Studies/Critical Thinking/Citizenship
Combination of Qualifications We welcome applications from students with a combination of qualifications, please contact the Undergraduate Admissions Office directly for further advice
Taking a gap year Applications for deferred entry welcomed
Contact Undergraduate Admissions Office + 44 1524 592028 or via ugadmissions@lancaster.ac.uk
Natural Sciences students create their own individual degree programme by combining modules taken from single honours programmes. For example a student combining the study of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry would take the following first year modules:
Optional
This module provides a link between A-level and undergraduate chemistry. It covers topics such as the elements and Periodic Table, atomic structure, properties of atoms, molecular shape, types of bonding and the basic principles of spectroscopic techniques and their use in molecule identification.
The practical laboratory classes include an introduction to chemical synthesis, to build upon skills learned at A-level, and to introduce new lab techniques. Students will use some techniques they may recognise, together with some new techniques, to synthesise and react some simple metal complexes.
This module provides the student with an understanding of functions, limits, and series, and knowledge of the basic techniques of differentiation and integration. We introduce examples of functions and their graphs, and techniques for building new functions from old. We then consider the notion of a limit and introduce the main tools of calculus and Taylor Series. Students will also learn how to add, multiply and divide polynomials, and be introduced to rational functions and their partial fractions.
The exponential function is defined by means of a power series which is subsequently extended to the complex exponential function of an imaginary variable, so that students understand the connection between analysis, trigonometry and geometry. The trigonometric and hyperbolic functions are introduced in parallel with analogous power series so that students understand the role of functional identities. Such functional identities are later used to simplify integrals and to parametrise geometrical curves.
In Classical Mechanics you’ll apply the ideas of fundamental Newtonian mechanics to real large-scale systems such as rotating bodies, planetary systems and classical fluids.
Our focus is on gravitation, and its central importance in determining the large-scale behaviour of the Universe. You’ll look at concepts such as inertial and gravitational mass, Mach's principle, black holes and even dark matter.
We consider how to extend the principles of basic kinematics and dynamics to rotational situations, giving you an understanding of concepts of torque, moment of inertia, centre of mass, angular momentum and equilibrium.
Part of your time will also be spent looking at how to describe basic processes in the properties of materials including elasticity of solids and fluid dynamics.
Covering the basic laws of electromagnetism, this module allows you to investigate the similarities and differences between electric and magnetic fields, and to explore the basic concepts of electromagnetic phenomena including charge, current, field, force and potential.
You’ll begin by studying electrostatics, describing forces and fields due to charge distributions using Coulomb's law and Gauss's law. You’ll also look at the concept of polarisation, and how this can be applied to capacitance and combinations of capacitors.
Later on you will be introduced to magnetostatics, and will learn how to describe it using the concepts of field, flux and force, and the motion of charged particles in a magnetic field. You’ll also look at the origins of magnetic fields and Ampere's law, and Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction.
This module extends the theory of calculus from functions of a single real variable to functions of two real variables. Students will learn more about the notions of differentiation and integration and how they extend from functions defined on a line to functions defined on the plane. We see how partial derivatives help us to understand surfaces, while repeated integrals enable us to calculate volumes. Students will also investigate complex polynomials and use De Moivre’s theorem to calculate complex roots.
In mathematical models, it is common to use functions of several variables. For example, the speed of an airliner can depend upon the air pressure, temperature and wind direction. To study functions of several variables, we introduce rates of change with respect to several quantities. We learn how to find maxima and minima. Applications include the method of least squares.
A vast number of naturally occurring phenomena are modelled by differential equations, for which solutions are required to explain the behaviour of these phenomena. This module provides the student with techniques for solving a number of standard types of differential equation.
Students will apply these methods to naturally occurring phenomena, such as bacterial-population growth, tumour expansion and oscillating systems subject to forcing and friction, in order to explain their behaviour and seek solutions. The method of solution by Laplace transforms is also introduced.
This module introduces the importance of molecular orbital theory in understanding organic reactivity and explains how such reactivity can be accurately represented by curly arrow mechanisms. In addition, we introduce the students to important concepts of acidity, basicity, pKa and leaving group ability. With this key information in hand, the reactivity of a broad range of organic functional groups can be readily explained. As such, in the first half of the course, the student will be equipped with the skills to predict the reactivity of a variety of carbonyl compounds and substitution reactions.
In the second half of the module, substitution reactions at saturated carbon, and elimination reactions will be described. In this context, the students will be able to analyse the various factors involved in determining the outcome of these reactions and predict the reactivity of a variety of organic substrates. Finally, an introduction to the formation of enols and enolates, as well the aldol reaction will be given.
Techniques learned in earlier modules will be built upon in the practical laboratory sessions. Students will address the synthesis of more complex organic molecules and the identification of the synthesised molecules using the full range of spectroscopic techniques, including NMR, IR and UV/vis spectroscopies.
Introducing the theory of matrices together with some basic applications, students will learn essential techniques such as arithmetic rules, row operations and computation of determinants by expansion about a row or a column.
The second part of the module covers a notable range of applications of matrices, such as solving systems of simultaneous linear equations, linear transformations, characteristic equation and eigenvectors and eigenvalues.
The ultimate description of the universe requires quantum and not classical mechanics.
In this module, we begin by investigating how specific experiments led to the breakdown of classical physics, before moving into the quantum world.
You’ll look at the basic ideas of wave mechanics, particularly wave particle duality, as well as considering the probabilistic nature of phenomena and the uncertainty principle through the Schrodinger equation and its solution for simple situations.
This module describes the principles and practice that underpins analytical chemistry and illustrates their utility through a range of challenging analysis applications. Students will gain an understanding of instrumental techniques such as spectrophotometry, spectrofluorimetry, atomic spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, electro analysis, and analytical separations, and they will learn about the differences between these and absolute techniques of chemical analysis.
Taking part in practical sessions, students will measure quantitative solution conductivities of strong-acid/strong-base, strong-acid/weak-base, and strong-acid weak-acid/strong-base systems. They will investigate selectivity coefficients using ion-selective Li, Na and K electrodes. The sessions also help to develop skills in serial dilutions and calibrations, and the use of potentiometry, to analyse a multi-component mixture by UV/vis spectroscopy.
In this module you’ll have the opportunity to explore the nature and methods of physics by considering the different scales of the universe and the areas of physics which relate to them.
You’ll model real phenomena and situations, looking at the physical principles which are fundamental to mechanics, particularly Newton’s laws relating to forces and motion, and the principles of the conservation of energy and momentum.
Later on you’ll also focus on the Special Theory of Relativity, beginning with Einstein's postulates and moving on to inertial reference frames, the physics of simultaneity, length contraction and time dilation, and space-time diagrams.
This module allows you to study the thermal properties of matter, and to gain an understanding of how to relate them to the fundamental mechanical properties of systems.
We begin with an introduction to the concepts of temperature and heat, thermal equilibrium and temperature scales. We then look at how to describe mechanisms of heat transfer, particularly in phase changes and equations of state, and the kinetic model of an ideal gas.
As part of the module you’ll also have the opportunity to explore the first and second laws of thermodynamics, including concepts of internal energy, heat and work done, heat engines and refrigerators, and entropy. You’ll then learn about the role of thermodynamics in describing macroscopic physical situations, looking in particular at temperature, entropy, work, heat, and internal energy.
This module introduces the main physical chemistry topics of bulk materials; thermodynamics, chemical equilibria and reaction kinetics, which control the rate of reaction, the yield of reaction, and the stability of a chemical system. The module also relates these principles to catalysis and enzyme-catalysed reactions, and provides a grounding in material relevant for second year courses.
Practical laboratory classes will build upon concepts in accuracy and precision, and will involve the quantitative reaction of acid-base systems measured using pH meters. Students will calculate the dissociation constant of weak acids and determine the enthalpy of solution from solubility measurements. They will also investigate the variation of reaction rates with temperature.
This would lead on to a wide choice of second, third and fourth year modules in each discipline. For details of individual modules please go to the module list for each degree scheme. This example is just one of a large number of possible combinations of pathways. For more detailed information about pathways please visit the Natural Sciences web page.
Information contained on the website with respect to modules is correct at the time of publication, but changes may be necessary, for example as a result of student feedback, Professional Statutory and Regulatory Bodies' (PSRB) requirements, staff changes, and new research.
Lancaster’s Natural Sciences degree develops skills in data handling, evaluation and interpretation, problem solving in an analytical and logical way, numeracy, IT and project management. These interdisciplinary skills create varied opportunities in many science-related careers.
Previous graduates have entered an extremely varied range of careers, from science-based roles, such as medicine, forensic science and public health, to management, journalism, consultancy and information technology. Many of our graduates have continued on to postgraduate education, both at Lancaster and at other institutions. Recent graduates are now studying Biomedicine and Ecology and the Environment.
We set our fees on an annual basis and the 2017/18 entry fees have not yet been set.
As a guide, our fees in 2016 were:
UK/EU | Overseas |
---|---|
£9,000 | £17,470 |
Lancaster University's priority is to support every student to make the most of their life and education and we have committed £3.7m in scholarships and bursaries. 400 students each year will be entitled to bursaries or scholarships to help them with the cost of fees and/or living expenses. Our financial support depends on your circumstances and how well you do in your A levels (or equivalent academic qualifications) before starting study with us.
Scholarships recognising academic talent:
Bursaries for life, living and learning
Any financial support that you receive from Lancaster University will be in addition to government support that might be available to you (eg fee loans) and will not affect your entitlement to these.
For full details of the University's financial support packages including eligibility criteria, please visit our fees and funding page
Dependent on subject choice the course offers optional field trips which may incur travel costs.
Students also need to consider further costs which may include books, stationery, printing, photocopying, binding and general subsistence on trips and visits. Following graduation it may be necessary to take out subscriptions to professional bodies and to buy business attire for job interviews.