About the project

The overarching strategic objective of the RESPOND-OR project is the development and implementation of novel mathematical models to capture the complexity, dynamic, and uncertainty characteristics of disaster preparedness and response decisions, along with efficient hyper heuristic algorithms to enable the efficient, effective, and equitable allocation of disaster preparedness and response resources.

The cutting-edge mathematical models and solution algorithms will underpin the development of a Decision Support System (DSS) for disaster preparedness and response in Indonesia and Sudan. In Indonesia, a natural disaster may trigger another natural disaster, either simultaneously or in a sequential order. In addition, the disaster response in Indonesia needs to take into consideration the archipelago structure of the country. In Sudan, the prevalent disaster, which is flooding may trigger a health emergency that requires simultaneous consideration. Although, our research is motivated by disaster preparedness and response situations frequently arising in Indonesia and Sudan, the mathematical models and solution methods will be generalizable to address similar types of problems arising in other developing and developed countries.


Tab Content: Consortium

The RESPOND-OR project is led by Lancaster University, Centre for Transport and Logistics (CENTRAL), in partnership with Universitas Indonesia, Universitas Gadjah Mada and the University of Khartoum. An Advisory Committee of stakeholders from government and non-government organizations in Indonesia and Sudan has been established to ensure the alignment of the scientific activities, project results and deliverables to the stakeholders’ needs.

Lancaster University

At Lancaster, the RESPOND-OR project will be undertaken by the Centre for Transport and Logistics (CENTRAL), a research centre within Lancaster University Management School. The researchers in CENTRAL who are contributing to RESPOND-OR are:

Universitas Indonesia (UI)

At Universitas Indonesia (UI), the RESPOND-OR project will be undertaken by the Faculty of Computer Science and the Department of Industrial Engineering. The RESPOND-OR collaborators from UI are:

Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM)

At Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), the RESPOND-OR project will be undertaken by the Supply Chain Engineering and Logistics lab at the Department of Industrial Engineering. The RESPOND-OR collaborator from the lab is:

Dr Bertha Maya Sopha (Co-Investigator), Department of Industrial Engineering

University of Khartoum

At the University of Khartoum (UofK), the RESPOND-OR project will be undertaken by the Faculty of Mathematical Sciences and Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering. The RESPOND-OR collaborators from UofK are:

Dr Hisham Abushama: (Co-Investigator), Faculty of Mathematical Sciences

Dr Hiba Mohammed Ali (Co-Investigator), Electrical and Electronics Engineering Department

Tab Content: Advisory Board Members

Advisory Board Members in Indonesia

  • Bernardus Wisnu Widjaja, MSc. is the Deputy Chief for Systems and Strategy in the National Disaster Management Authority of the Republic of Indonesia (BNPB). Previously he was the Deputy Chief for Prevention and Preparedness.
  • Bambang Surya Putra, M.Com is the Head of Disaster Response at BNPB. Previously he was the Deputy Director for Early Warning and Disaster Preparedness in BNPB. He is the lead researcher at BNPB, coordinating research collaborations between academics and industry with BNPB and ensuring that the research done is aligned with BNPB’s needs.
  • Drs. Biswara Yuswantana, M.Si is the Head of Disaster Management Agency of Yogyakarta Special Region (BPBP DIY). He makes key operational decisions in Yogyakarta with respect to evacuation route, shelter planning, prepositioning, and logistic distribution.
  • Dear Nugra Bestari handles the Communication and Partnership of Humanitarian Forum Indonesia (HFI). She conducts training for responders and disaster-prone community members. She was the technical officer of ASEAN Standardization and Certification of Experts in Disaster Management (ASCEND).
  • Benny Usdianto is the Chief of RedR Indonesia. He has more than 19 years of experience in disaster management and emergency responses across several national and international organisations, including Oxfam UK, German Technical Cooperation Agency (GTZ), and FGC ANZDEC, a New Zealand-based company specialising in agricultural development and natural resources management.

Advisory Board Members in Sudan

  • Professor Siddig Awadalla is an expert in floods and health disasters in National Ribat University. He was the Head of Scientific Office at Sudanese Meteorological Society. He acted as a group leader and co-ordinator of several international joint projects on Environmental Degradation and related areas.
  • Dr Salih Hamad Hamid is the Director of Nile Water Directorate at the Ministry of Water Resources, Irrigation and Electricity in Sudan. He has extensive experience in Water Resources Modelling and Decision Support Systems.
  • Azeb Mersha is Water Resource Modeller in Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) with extensive experience in water resource and hydrology, including water resource modelling, hydrological analysis, stormwater design and water resource planning.
  • Anwar Mohammed Ali is a Colonel Officer working at Civil Defense. He leads many rescue and operation missions during disasters and emergencies. He has been chosen to participate in many national safety and disaster management committees.

Tab Content: Research Activities

The research activities that will be undertaken involve:

  • The development of innovative mathematical models for optimizing disaster preparedness and response interventions. The proposed models will capture the interaction between strategic, tactical, and operational decisions, and will incorporate the stochastic and dynamic characteristics inherent in real-world disaster preparedness and response settings.
  • The development of fast and efficient hyper-heuristic algorithms for addressing the resulting large-scale disaster preparedness and response models, taking into account the limited time available to make and update disaster response decisions.
  • The development of efficient data management and visualization methods for dealing with diverse sources of data coming from different organizations and applications, taking into account the different update rates of the data and the need to provide a user-friendly way for visualizing them.
  • The validation of the models and algorithms using real-world instances with stakeholders from Indonesia and Sudan.
  • The development of a sustainable international partnership between academia and emergency preparedness and response organizations (including governmental agencies and NGOs) for addressing problems contributing to sustainable socio-economic development.

These research activities are organised in six work packages (WPs). A key feature of the work packages is the active and continuous engagement of the users of the research results (stakeholder partners).

  • WP1: Modelling and Data Requirements
  • WP2: Data Management and Visualisation
  • WP3: Development of Mathematical Models
  • WP4: Development and Implementation of Algorithms
  • WP5: Validation
  • WP6: Pilot Implementation

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