A virtual reality experiment in Psychology

Study Pathways

A Natural Sciences degree gives you a unique opportunity to mix scientific subjects to form your own hand-picked degree. If you are interested in more than one science subject or are interested in where traditional disciplines overlap, Natural Sciences is the choice for you.

The Pathways are divided into general subject areas. Each of the 10 subject areas can have a number of Pathways. Click on each for a list of the Modules studied under each Pathway.

Biology

  • Biology

    You will study organisms and the environment, and how human activities can change them. Biological mechanisms relate to the environmental challenges of the 21st century. These include environmental pollution, sustainability and conservation. Please note: some field courses will incur additional costs.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Aquatic Ecology Environment Physiology Animal Behaviour
    Developmental Biology or Marine and Estuarine Biology Evolution Global Change Biology: Challenges and Solutions
    Evolutionary Biology    
    Global Change Biology    
    Zoology    
    Optional modules
    Spanish Doñana Field Course. (This may be taken in the place of any of the core modules above except Evolutionary Biology and Zoology)  Data Collection and Analysis Coral Reef Ecology
      Field Biology Dissertation
      Introduction to Eco-innovation Dissertation with External Partner
      Populations to Ecosystems Environmental Plant Biology
      Research Design and Delivery Field Course in Kenya - Tropical Biology and Conservation
      Vertebrate Biology Field Course in the Scottish Highlands
        Host-Parasite Interactions
        Issues in Conservation Biology
        Sustainable Agriculture
  • Biochemistry and Cell Biology

    Biochemistry examines the structure and relationship of cells to the metabolism. You will learn the physical processes underlying cellular functions. Cell biology covers the interactions within and between cells which allow them to function. You will also investigate Genetics, examining the mechanisms of heredity. Please note, this pathway requires a Chemistry A level. 

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Biotechnology    
    Cell Structure and Function    
    Genetics    
    Molecules of Life    
    Protein Biochemistry    
    Optional modules
      Biochemical Techniques Biology of Ageing
      Biochemistry Cancer
      Bioinformatics Cell Cycle and Stem Cells
      Cell Biology Cell Signalling I
      Cell Biology Techniques Cell Signalling, Transport and Disease
      DNA Technology Genetics
      Genetics Medical Genetics
        Proteins: Structure, Function and Evolution
  • Ecology and Conservation

    You will receive a thorough grounding in ecological theory. Interactions between organisms, the environment and humanity are often complex. This Pathway has a strong emphasis on fieldwork, designed to encourage you to develop practical skills. Please note: some field courses will incur additional costs.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Aquatic Ecology Populations to Ecosystems Coral Reef Ecology
    Biodiversity and Conservation or Marine and Estuarine Biology Principles of Biodiversity Conservation Issues in Conservation Biology
    Evolutionary Biology    
    Global Change Biology    
    Zoology    
    Optional modules
    Spanish Doñana Field Course. This may be taken in the place of any of the core modules above except Evolutionary Biology and Zoology Data Collection and Analysis Animal Behaviour
      Environmental Physiology Dissertation
      Evolution Dissertation with External Partner
      Field Biology Environmental Plant Biology
      Introduction to Eco-innovation Field Course in Kenya - Tropical Biology and Conservation
      Research Design and Delivery Field Course in the Scottish Highlands
        Global Change Biology: Challenges and Solutions
        Host-Parasite Interactions
        Sustainable Agriculture
  • Microbiology and Biomedicine

    This pathway contains a balanced mixture of biochemistry, microbiology and physiology. You will study the relevance of microbiology to human affairs and whether the connection is direct or indirect. Some modules deal with one group of microbes, others examine relationships between different groups of microbes. 

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Anatomy and Tissue Structure    
    Hormones and Development    
    Human Physiology    
    Impact of Microbes    
    Infection and Immunity    
    Optional modules
      Cell Biology Biology of Ageing
      Cell Biology Techniques Cancer
      Genetics Cell Cycle and Stem Cells
      Medical Microbiology Cell Signalling I
      Microbiological Techniques Cell Signalling, Transport and Disease
        Clinical Immunology
        Environmental Pathogens
        Molecular Parasitology
        Tropical Diseases

Chemistry

  • Chemical Measurement and Analysis

    You will study the theory and practices of physical, analytical, and computational chemistry. You will learn the measurement, rationalisation, and prediction of the chemical and physical properties of individual molecules and bulk materials. This will prepare you for potential research projects in your final year. Please note, this pathway requires a Chemistry A level.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Atoms and Molecules Electrochemistry  
    Chemical Reaction Kinetics Quantum Chemistry, Symmetry and Group Theory  
    Physical Foundations of Chemistry The Physical Principles of Spectroscopy  
    Spectroscopy and Analytical Chemistry Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics  
    Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes    
    Optional modules
      Molecular Structure Determination Advanced Spectroscopy: Theory and Applications
      Solids, Soft Matter and Surfaces Advanced Techniques for Analytical Separations
        Biological Chemistry and Chemical Biology
        Chemistry Practical Research Skills
        Computational Chemistry
        Computational Electronic Structure
        Research Project (BSc only)
        Solids, Surfaces and Soft Materials II
  • Chemical Synthesis and Structure

    Chemical synthesis concerns the creation of new molecules. You will begin to understand molecular reactivity and mechanism. You will learn techniques to design and synthesise molecules, and how we measure their properties. This pathway will develop your knowledge and skills, and prepare you for research projects in your final year. Please note, this pathway requires a Chemistry A level.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Atoms and Molecules Alkene and Aromatic Chemistry  
    Chemistry of the Elements Inorganic Chemistry   
    Coordination Chemistry Organometallics Catalysis and Mechanism  
    Organic Reactivity and Mechanism Strategies for Chemical Synthesis  
    Organic Structure    
    Optional modules 
      Molecular Structure Determination Advanced Chemistry Practical
      Principles of Spectroscopy for Biological Sciences Advanced Synthetic Chemistry
      Solids, Soft Matter and Surfaces Advanced Synthetic Chemistry Practical
        Biological Chemistry and Chemical Biology
        Chemistry Practical Research Skills
        Further Inorganic Chemistry: f-block and Metals in Biology
        Investigating Mechanism in Sustainable Polymer Chemistry
        Investigation of Chemical Mechanisms and Experimental Design
        Research Project (BSc only)
        Solids, Surfaces and Soft Materials II
        The Chemistry of Biomedical Imaging
  • Environmental Chemistry

    Environmental chemistry investigates the chemistry of the aqueous, atmospheric and terrestrial environments. You will study chemistry whilst learning the techniques of environmental method analysis. This will introduce you to environmental planning and assessment. Due to the complexity of this subject and the background knowledge it requires in later years, this pathway is double weighted. As such you can only take one other pathway with this option. Please note, this pathway requires a Chemistry A level. Please note: some field courses will incur additional costs.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Atmosphere, Weather and Climate Aquatic Biogeochemistry  
    Atoms and Molecules Atmospheric Science  
    Biogeochemical Cycles Electrochemistry  
    Chemical Reaction Kinetics Thermodynamics and Statistical Medicines  
    Earth's Interior    
    Geology    
    Hydrology: Water in the Environment    
    Physical Foundations of Chemistry    
    Spectroscopy and Analytical Chemistry    
    Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes    
    Optional modules
    Subject to A level portfolio, you may be required to replace one of the above modules with one of the following: Data Collection and Analysis Advanced Chemistry Practical Research
     Numerical Skills I Field Course in the Lake District - Environmental Advanced Spectroscopy
     Numerical Skills II Hydrology Advanced Techniques for Analytical Separations
      Molecular Structure Determination Biological Chemistry and Chemical Biology
      Quantum Chemistry, Symmetry and Group Theory Causes and Consequences of Environmental Radioactivity
      Soil Science Chemistry Research Project (BSc only)
      Solids, Soft Matter and Surfaces Climate and Society
      The Physical Principles of Spectroscopy Computational Chemistry
        Dissertation
        Global Change and the Earth System
        Solids, Surfaces and Soft Materials II
        Water Resources Management

Computing and Communications

  • Computing and Communications

    The School of Computing and Communications is one of the UK’s leading departments offering an extensive portfolio of high-quality programmes for undergraduate study. This pathway covers practical storage and usage of data and digital media and its applications. Some computing experience is necessary.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Software Development    
    Optional modules
    Digital Systems Advanced Programming Artificial Intelligence
    Fundamentals of Computer Science Computer Networks Computer Science Seminars
    Information Systems Computer Science Group Project Distributed Systems
      Human-Computer Interaction Game Design
      Operating Systems Internet Application Engineering
      Software Design Language and Compilation
        Media Coding and Processing
        Security and Risk

Engineering

  • Chemical Engineering

    Chemical Engineering influences numerous areas of technology. These pathways will help you to develop the skills needed to conceive and design processes for the production, transformation and transportation of materials. Due to the complexity of this subject and the background knowledge it requires in later years, this pathway is double weighted. As such you can only take one other pathway with this option. Please note, this pathway requires a Chemistry A level and a Maths A level.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Calculus  Engineering Design Project  
    Design, Innovation and 3D Thinking  Fluid Mechanics and Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics  
    Differential Equations  Particle Technology Separation Processes  
    Fundamentals of Chemistry for Engineers    
    Further Engineering Mechanics    
    Heat Transfer    
    Introductory Engineering Mathematics    
    Introduction to Engineering Thermodynamics    
    Process Engineering Fundamental Strength and Materials    
    The World of Manufacture    
    Optional modules
      Engineering Analysis Advanced Process Transfers
      Mass Transfer Catalytic and Bio-reaction Engineering
      Reactors and Equipment Chemical Engineering Design and Process Safety
        Computer Applications in Process Engineering
        Energy Conversion
  • Electronic Engineering

    You will develop a sound foundation of the subject that is crucial to the design and manufacture of future systems. You will have the opportunity to specialise in areas including wireless communications, silicon chip design, nanotechnology, green technologies and power generation. Due to the complexity of this subject and the background knowledge it requires in later years, this pathway is double weighted. As such you can only take one other pathway with this option. Please note, this pathway requires a Physics A level and a Maths A level.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Calculus Digital Electronics  
    Computers and Control Electrical Circuits and Power Systems  
    Differential Equations Electromagnetics and RF Engineering  
    Electrical and Electronics Fundamentals    
    Fundamentals of Chemistry for Engineers    
    Fundamentals of Digital Electronics    
    Fundamentals of Electronic Instrumentation    
    Further Engineering Mathematics    
    Introductory Engineering Mathematics    
    Process Engineering Fundamentals    
    Optional modules
      Engineering Analysis Analogue Electronics
      Instrumentation and Control Digital Signal Processing
        Integrated Circuit Engineering
        Optoelectronics and Wireless Communications
  • Mechanical Engineering

    Our programme will give you the skills necessary for the subject, with an applied focus on mechanical systems designs. Due to the complexity of this subject and the background knowledge it requires in later years, this pathway is double weighted. As such you can only take one other pathway with this option. Please note, this pathway requires a Physics A level and a Maths A level.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Calculus Engineering Mechanics  
    Computers and Control Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics  
    Design, Innovation and 3D Thinking Materials and Design  
    Differential Equations    
    Further Engineering Mathematics    
    Heat Transfer    
    Introduction to Engineering Thermodynamics    
    Introductory Engineering Mathematics    
    Strength and Materials    
    The World of Manufacture    
    Optional modules
      Engineering Analysis Design and Manufacturing
      Instrumentation and Control Engineering Materials
        Machine Elements
        Vibration Analysis and Application

Environmental and Earth Science

  • Earth Science

    The rocks that comprise Earth’s upper crust contain a record of environmental change over a period exceeding 2 billion years. On this pathway, you will learn the skills needed to read this record and understand how Earth has evolved over time. You will have the opportunity to take field-based modules in both the UK and abroad.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Biogeochemical Cycles Data Collection and Analysis Introduction to Geophysical Techniques
    Earth's Interior Geoscience in Practice The Dynamic Earth
    Geology    
    Hydrology: Water in the Environment    
    Natural Hazards    
    Optional modules 
    Subject to A level portfolio, you may be required to replace one of the above modules with one of the following: Aquatic Biogeochemistry Dissertation
    Introduction to Environmental Chemistry Catchment Hydrology Dissertation with Work Placement
    Numerical Skills I Field Course in the Lake District - Environmental Extended Essay
     Numerical Skills II Geological Mapping Field Course in Devon - Hydrological Processes
      Soil Science Field Course - Volcanic Processes
        Geological Hazards
        Hydrogeology
        Water Courses Management
  • Ecology and Conservation

    You will receive a thorough grounding in ecological theory. Interactions between organisms, the environment and humanity are often complex. This Pathway has a strong emphasis on fieldwork, designed to encourage you to develop practical skills.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Aquatic Ecology Populations to Ecosystems Coral Reef Ecology
    Biodiversity and Conservation or Marine and Estuarine Biology Principles of Biodiversity Conservation Issues in Conservation Biology
    Evolutionary Biology    
    Global Change Biology    
    Zoology    
    Optional modules
    Spanish Doñana Field Course. This may be taken in the place of any of the core modules above except Evolutionary Biology and Zoology Data Collection and Analysis Animal Behaviour
      Environmental Physiology Dissertation
      Evolution Dissertation with External Partner
      Field Biology Environmental Plant Biology
      Introduction to Eco-innovation Field Course in Kenya - Tropical Biology and Conservation
      Research Design and Delivery Field Course in the Scottish Highlands
        Global Change Biology: Challenges and Solutions
        Host-Parasite Interactions
        Sustainable Agriculture
  • Environmental Science

    This pathway will teach you the natural and anthropogenic processes affecting the Earth. You will study how rivers, lakes, oceans, the atmosphere, as well as Earth’s internal processes work. You will learn about these processes against the backdrop of environmental change.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Atmosphere, Weather and Climate Data Collection and Analysis  
    Biogeochemical Cycles    
    Earth's Interior    
    Geology    
    Hydrology: Water in the Environment    
    Optional modules
    Subject to A level portfolio, you may be required to replace one of the above modules with one of the following: Aquatic Biogeochemistry Climate and Society
    Introduction to Environmental Chemistry Atmospheric Science Dissertation
    Numerical Skills I Catchment Hydrology Dissertation with Work Placement
     Numerical Skills II Data Collection and Analysis Extended Essay
      Energy, Economy and the Environment Field Course in Devon - Hydrological Processes
      Environmental Data Visualisation and Analysis Global Change and the Earth System
      Field Course in the Lake District - Environmental Hydrogeology
      Soil Science The Causes and Consequences of Environmental Radioactivity
        Water Resource Management

Geography

  • Human Geography

    This pathway provides you with an understanding of society, culture, development and issues of globalisation within a framework of environmental issues in the 21st century. Please note: some field courses will incur additional costs.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Geographical Skills and Application in a Changing World Development, Geography, and the Majority World  
    Society and Space - Human Geography Human Geographical Pioneers and Concepts  
    Optional modules
      Cultural Geography Africa: Geographies of Transformation
      Economic Geography Cities and Globalisation
      Field Course in Paris - Globalizing Food: Food Politics and Culture Climate and Society
      Geosocial Spaces Dissertation
      Introduction to Eco-innovation Dissertation with Work Placement
      People and the Sea Environment, Politics and Society in Amazonia
      Political Geography Environmental Governance and the Biodiversity Crisis
      Research Project Skills Field Course in the Brazilian Amazon - Conservation and Sustainable Development
      Spatial Analysis and GIS Field Course in Croatia - Water, Society and the Istrian Landscape: Environmental Management in a Mediterranean Context
        Field Course in New York - Inequality and the City
        Geographies of Health: Understanding and Tackling Inequity
        GIS: Principles and Practice
        Global Consumption
        Independent Research
        Urban Infrastructure in a Changing World
  • Physical Geography

    You will learn about the main components of our ‘Earth-system’, how environments have changed in the past, what controls the dynamics of environments in the present, and how we can predict changes in the future. All this is studied in the context of an interconnected planet. Please note: some field courses will incur additional costs.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Environmental Processes and Systems Interacting Landscapes: Biogeography and Geomorphology  
    Geographical Skills in a Changing World Soil Science  
    Optional modules
      Aquatic Biogeochemistry Dissertation
      Atmospheric Science Dissertation with Work Placement
      Catchment Hydrology Environmental Remote Sensing and Image Processing
      Environmental Data Visualisation and Analysis Field Course in Croatia - Water, Society and the Istrian Landscape
      Field Course in the Mediterranean - Investigating Mediterranean Environments GIS: Principles and Practice
      Introduction to Eco-Innovation Glacial Systems
      Physical Geographical Pioneers and Concepts Independent Research
      Research Project Skills Lakes, Rivers and Estuaries
      Spatial Analysis and GIS  

Mathematics and Statistics

  • Single Mathematics

    Single Maths allows students to continue their study of Maths at degree level in a top-ranking department. This pathway focuses on both pure mathematics and statistics with an emphasis on solving practical problems. Please note, this pathway requires a Maths A level.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Calculus    
    Further Calculus    
    Linear Algebra    
    Probability    
    Statistics    
    Optional modules
      Abstract Algebra Algebraic Curves
      Computational Mathematics Bayesian Interference
      Linear Algebra II Combinatorics
      Probability II Commutative Algebra
      Statistics II Financial Mathematics
        Geometry of Curves and Surfaces
        Graph Theory
        Groups and Symmetry
        Likelihood Inference
        Mathematical Education
        Medical Statistics
        Multivariate Statistics in Machine Learning
        Number Theory
        Representation Theory of Finite Groups
        Statistical Models
        Stochastic Processes
  • Double Mathematics

    If you wish to focus your studies on mathematics, we also offer a double-weighted pathway that allows you to study the subject in greater detail. This incorporates the modules listed above and gives students the opportunity to concentrate on theoretical problems. As such, you can only take one other pathway with this option. Please note, this pathway requires a Maths A level.

    As per Single Mathematics, plus:

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Convergence and Continuity    
    Discrete Mathematics    
    Geometry and Calculus    
    Integration and Differentiation    
    Numbers and Relations    
    Optional modules
      Complex Analysis Differential Equations
      Project Skills Hilbert Space
      Real Analysis Lebesgue Integration
        Linear Systems
        Metric Spaces
        Probability Theory

Medical School

  • Human Physiology and Exercise Science

    If you are interested in science and physical education, this Pathway provides a solid foundation in application and performance modules. These will help to increase your understanding of the functions and regulations of the human body and physiological integration of the systems.

    Year OneYear Two

    Year Three

    *Modules subject to approval
    Mandatory modules
    Digital Technologies in Sports and Exercise Science Biomechanics II Advanced Physiology
    Essentials of Sports and Exercise Physiology Physiology and Metabolism Biomechanics III
    Fundamental Anatomy    
    Introduction to Nutrition    
    Principles of Biomechanics    
    Optional modules
      Current Debates in Sport and Exercise  Maximising Elite Performance
      Sports Medicine or Exercise Medicine Optimising Health Outcomes

Physics

  • Physics

    This pathway requires a set of first-year maths-based modules, either through the Physics Department (under the heading Physical Systems) or the Mathematics Department (under the heading Single Mathematics). As such, students taking Physics can only take one other pathway in addition to either of the supporting maths pathways. Please note, this pathway requires a Physics A level and a Maths A level.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Classical Mechanics Introduction to Experimental Lab  
    Electric and Magnetic Fields    
    Quantum Physics    
    The Physical Universe    
    Thermal Properties of Matter    
    Optional modules
     Students need to take either the Physics mathematics modules listed below or the Single Mathematics Pathway. Astronomy Astrophysics II
     Complex Methods Astrophysics I Astrophysics Group Project
     Functions and Differentiation Classical Fields Astrophysics Laboratory
     Integration Cosmology I Atomic Physics
     Series and Differential Equations Electromagnetism, Waves and Optics Computer Modelling
     Vector Calculus Experimental Lab I Cosmology Group Project
      Experimental Lab II Cosmology II
      Experimental Lab III Energy
      Experimental Principles of Particle Detection Flavour Physics
      Maths I Groups and Symmetries
      Maths II Low Temperature Physics Laboratory
      Mechanics and Variations Particle Physics
      Quantum Mechanics Particle Physics Group Project
      Relativity, Nuclei and Particles Physics Literature Search
      Scientific Programming and Modelling Project Physics of Fluids
      Thermal Properties of Matter Physics of Living Systems
        Semiconductor Physics Laboratory
        Solid State Physics
        Space and Auroral Physics
        Statistical Physics
        Theoretical Physics Group Project
        Theoretical Physics Independent Study

Psychology

  • Psychology

    This pathway develops your range of knowledge and skills in order to continue your study of psychology at degree level.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Understanding Psychology    
    Optional modules
      Cognitive Psychology Cognitive, Affective and Clinical Neuroscience
      Developmental Psychology Culture in Cognition and Development
      Foundations of Cognitive Neuroscience Current Directions in Social Psychology
      Social Psychology Forensic and Investigative Psychology
        Prozac Nation: Human Psychopharmacology
        Psychology of Art
        Psychology of Meditation
        The Developing Mind
        The Lying Brain: An Examination of Hallucinations and Delusions in Normal, Clinical and Pathological Populations
        The Neuroscience of Typical and Atypical Social Development
        The Psychology of Attention: from Laboratory to Everyday Behaviour
        Topics in Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology with BPS accreditation

    This double-weighted pathway allows you to study psychology and receive accreditation for the British Psychological Society. It can only be taken alongside one other pathway and cannot be taken by BSc students intending to study abroad due to the accreditation regulations.

    Year OneYear TwoYear Three
    Mandatory modules
    Investigating Psychology Cognitive Psychology Developmental Psychology
    Understanding Psychology Foundation of Cognitive Neuroscience Personality and Individual Differences Project
      Research Methods I: Experimental Methods in Psychology Social Psychology
      Research Methods II: Asking Questions and Analysing Responses  
      Statistics