Fundamentals of IRAS

Security and Defence

The focus of research within the Security and Defence Theme is on the development of new methods and algorithms for real-time computer vision, object detection and identification; autonomous aerial, ground-based and amphibious UAV/drones systems, secure communications and related applications. The theme received a number of funded projects from EPSRC, EU, Innovate, MoD and various Defence companies, like BAE Systems, Thales, QinetiQ.

Key Personnel

Cyber Security Research Centre (Communications), DSI - Foundations, Lancaster Intelligent, Robotic and Autonomous Systems Centre, SCC (Communication Systems), Security Lancaster, Security Lancaster (Academic Centre of Excellence), Security Lancaster (Cyber Security)

+44 (0)1524 510328 B23, B - Floor, Infolab

Dr Keivan Navaie

Senior Lecturer,

Lancaster Intelligent, Robotic and Autonomous Systems Centre, SCC (Communication Systems)

+44 (0)1524 510401 B24, B - Floor, Infolab

Dr Xiaowei Gu

Senior Research Associate

Lancaster Intelligent, Robotic and Autonomous Systems Centre

Research Projects

  • Collaborative Technology Hardened for Hazardous Environments, funded by Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund/Innovate UK
    January 2018 - December 2019, £1.4M (£391K for Lancaster); partners: QinetiQ, Nuvia, Fortis, BMR
  • Intelligent Video Analytics for Fast, Safe boarding on rail platforms
    29 March 2017 - 28 March 2018, funded by RSSB-UK (£109,375); extended by a 3-month Impact Acceleration Award (£9k; April-July 2018)
  • Cooperative Localisation and Distributed Control of UAV Swarms
    January - June 2017, funded by DSTL, £79,979
  • Early Detection of Insider Threats by Autonomous Analysis of User Behaviour Evolution
    Funded by GCHQ, July 2015-Dec 2018, £96,924
  • Global ATM Security Management
    Funded by EC (total 10M Euros; £562,955 for Lancaster), Nov 2014-Sept 2017
  • DLINK - D-band Wireless Link with Fibre Data Rate
    January 2019 - December 2021, funded by EPSRC, £432K.
  • Travelling Wave Tube-based W-band Wireless Networks with High Data Rate, Distribution, Spectrum and Energy Efficiency
    January 2015 - September 2018, funded by EU H2020, 3.3M Euros.
  • Effective Cooperative Multicast towards 5G Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access Systems
    March 2018 - March 2020,  funded by The Royal Society, £12,000
  • Advancing the state of the art of MIMO: The key to the successful evolution of wireless networks
    2016 - 2020, funded by EU H2020, 1M Euros.
  • Improving wireless information security: Improving wireless information security by using physical layer dynamics
    March 2015 - March 2017,  funded by The Royal Society, £12,000


  • J. Shi, L. Lv, Q. Ni, H. Pervaiz, C. Paoloni. "Modeling and Analysis of Point-to-Multipoint Millimeter-Wave Backhaul Networks", IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 268 – 285, January 2019.
  • M. Eiza, Q. Shi, A. Marnerides, T. Owens, Q. Ni. "Efficient, Secure and Privacy-Preserving PMIPv6 Protocol for V2G Networks", IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 68, Issue 1, pp. 19 – 33, Jan 2019.
  • B. He, Q. Ni, J. Chen, L. Yang, L. Lv. “User-Pair Selection in Multiuser Cooperative Networks with an Untrusted Relay”, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Vol. 68, Issue 1, pp. 869 – 882, Jan 2019.
  • M. Ling, K. Yau, J. Qadir, Q. Ni. "A Reinforcement Learning-based Trust Model for Cluster Size Adjustment Scheme in Distributed Cognitive Radio Networks", IEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking, 2019.
  • G. Wu, L. Liu, Y. Guo, G. Ding, J. Han, Q. Ni, L. Shao. "Unsupervised Deep Video Hashing via Balanced Code for Large-Scale Video Retrieval", IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Vol. 28, Issue 4, pp. 1993 – 2007, Apr 2019.
  • Y. Hao, Q. Ni, H. Li, S. Hou. “Robust Multi-Objective Optimization for EE-SE Tradeoff in D2D Communications Underlaying Heterogeneous Networks”, IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. 66, Issue 10, pp. 4936 – 4949, Oct 2018.
  • W. Yu, L. Musavian, Q. Ni. “Link-Layer Capacity of NOMA Under Statistical Delay QoS Guarantees”, IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. 66, Issue 10, pp. 4907 – 4922, Oct 2018.
  • S. Li, Q. Ni, Y. Sun, G. Min, S. Al-Rubaye. “Energy-Efficient Resource Allocation for Industrial Cyber-Physical IoT Systems in 5G Era”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, Vol. 14, Issue 6, pp. 2618 – 2628, June 2018.
  • J. Xiao, C. Yang, A. Anpalagan, Q. Ni, M. Guizani. “Joint Interference Management in Ultra-Dense Small Cell Networks: A Multi-Domain Coordination Perspective”, IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. 66, Issue 11, pp. 5470 – 5481, Nov 2018.
  • L. Hu, Q. Ni. “IoT-Driven Automated Object Detection Algorithm for Urban Surveillance Systems in Smart Cities”, IEEE Internet of Things Journal, Vol. 5, Issue 2, pp. 747 – 754, April 2018.
  • L. Yin, Q. Ni, Z. Deng. “A GNSS/5G Integrated Positioning Methodology in D2D Communication Networks”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol. 36, Issue 2, pp. 351-362, February 2018.
  • H. Munir, H. Pervaiz, S. Hassan, L. Musavian, Q. Ni, M. Imran, R. Tafazolli. “Computationally Intelligent Techniques for Resource Management in mmWave Small Cell Networks”, IEEE Wireless Communications, Vol. 25, Issue 4 pp. 32–39, Aug 2018.
  • S. Naqvi, S. Hassan, H. Pervaiz, Q. Ni. “Drone-aided Communication as a Key Enabler for 5G and Resilient Public Safety Networks”, IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol. 56, No. 1, pp. 36-42, Jan 2018.
  • X. Lu, Q. Ni, W. Li, H. Zhang. "Dynamic User Grouping and Joint Resource Allocation with Multi-Cell Cooperation for Uplink Virtual MIMO Systems", IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 16, Issue 6, pp. 3854 – 3869, June 2017.
  • C. Yang, J. Li, Q. Ni, A. Anpalagan, M. Guizani. "Interference-Aware Energy Efficiency Maximization in 5G Ultra-Dense Networks", IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol. 65, Issue 2, pp. 728 – 739, Feb 2017.
  • T. Wu, W. Dou, Q. Ni. "Mobile Live Video Streaming Optimization via Crowdsourcing Brokerage", IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, Vol. 19, Issue 10, pp. 2267 – 2281, Oct 2017.
  • M. Eiza, Q. Ni. "Driving with Sharks: Rethinking Connected Vehicles with Vehicle Cybersecurity ", IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, Vol. 12, Issue 2, pp. 45 – 51, June 2017.