Marco Wyss (FRHistS, FHEA) is the Director of the Centre for War and Diplomacy and Lecturer in the International History of the Cold War at Lancaster University, a Research Fellow at the University of the Free State, and an Associate Fellow at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies. Previously, he was a Senior Lecturer in Politics and Contemporary History at the University of Chichester, and a Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies, ETH Zurich. He gained his PhD from the Universities of Nottingham and Neuchâtel, and currently works on Britain’s and France’s postcolonial security roles in West Africa. He is the editor of the International Journal of Military History and Historiography, and co-editor of Brill’s ‘New Perspectives on the Cold War’ book series. He is, among other works, the author of Un Suisse au service de la SS (Alphil-Presses universitaires suisses, 2010), Arms Transfers, Neutrality and Britain’s Role in the Cold War (Brill, 2013), and co-editor of Peacekeeping in Africa (Routledge, 2014), Neutrality and Neutralism in the Global Cold War (Routledge, 2016), The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces (Oxford University Press, 2018) and Europe and China in the Cold War (Brill, 2018).Dr Marco Wyss
Sophie Thérèse Ambler
Sophie Ambler is Lecturer in Later Medieval British and European History. A Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, she is secretary of the Pipe Roll Society (based at the National Archives) and a convenor of the Late Medieval seminar series at the Institute of Historical Research. She gained her PhD from King's College London after holding the Thornley Fellowship at the Institute of Historical Research, and before joining Lancaster was Senior Research Associate on the AHRC's Magna Carta Project. With interests spanning the central and later Middle Ages in Europe and the Holy Land, her two broad areas of research are political ethics and military history. Her publications include Bishops in the Political Community of England, 1213–1272 (Oxford University Press, 2017) and The Song of Simon de Montfort: England's First Revolutionary and the Death of Chivalry (Picador (UK and Commonwealth) and Oxford University Press (USA), 2019), which explores the military, cultural and intellectual contexts across Europe and the Middle East that made possible England’s revolution of 1258-65. She is a contributor to BBC History Magazine and has consulted and appeared on various media productions, including for BBC One and Two, Channel 4, and BBC Radio 3 and 4.Dr Sophie Therese Ambler
Thomas Mills is a Lecturer in Diplomatic and International History at Lancaster University, Vice-Chair of the Transatlantic Studies Association, and an Editorial Board member of the Journal of Transatlantic Studies. His first book, Post-war Planning on the Periphery (Edinburgh University Press, 2012), explored Anglo-American economic rivalry in South America during the Second World War. He has previously published articles on various aspects of British and American foreign policy towards Latin America, as well as several book chapters on Anglo-American diplomatic and economic relations. His current research includes a collaborative project exploring Anglo-American relations in Latin America throughout the twentieth century, an exploration of the role of British and American business groups in the reconstruction of international trade in the 1940s, and a project exploring Britain’s contemporary role in Latin America, based on interviews with leading policy-makers. The last of these projects resulted in an article published in International Affairs in November 2018 and a policy paper entitled ‘Revitalising UK-Latin America Engagement Post-Brexit’ for the think tank the British Foreign Policy Group. A strong believer in applying historical knowledge to contemporary affairs, he has collaborated on policy-orientated projects with think tanks and provided comment to various international media outlets.Dr Thomas Mills
Mercedes Camino Maroto
Mercedes Camino Maroto is a cultural historian with many interests, one of which is women’s activities and experiences in the wars, revolutions and conflicts of Europe’s ‘age of catastrophe’ (1933-45). She has worked extensively on the Spanish Civil War, as well as film, history and memory of the anti-Nazi resistance and the Holocaust. She is currently investigating the production, reception and preservation of letters written by partisan women in France, Belarus, Russia and Romania during the Second World War.Professor Mercedes Camino Maroto
Sam Clark is a philosopher interested in the self; in good and bad lives it might lead; in its reflexive powers and practices; in the roles of experience, reflection, and institutions in its development and success; and in how to do philosophy so as to advance our understanding of these issues. These interests have lead him to think, write, and teach about capitalism and anarchism; utopias, dialogues, and autobiographies; well-being, pleasure, and self-realization; self-knowledge, self-interpretation, and self-command; the lives and experiences of monks, soldiers, hermits, and solo travellers; and the transformative effects of work and war. He is particularly interested in the phenomenology, ethics, and literature of war and soldiering. In this area he has written about comradeship, the idea of the warrior as distinguished from the soldier, and the powers and meanings of martial autobiography. He is co-investigator, with Liz Brewster (Lancaster Faculty of Health and Medicine) of the 'Military Lives and Transformative Experiences' project, which conducts and analyses autobiographical interviews and workshops with military veterans.Dr Sam Clark
Nic Coombs is a former member of HM Diplomatic Service with over thirty years’ experience principally working in or on the Middle East. He graduated from Selwyn College, Cambridge in 1984 in English; the Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO) then sent him to be trained in Arabic at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London and then to Cairo for final examinations. He has served in Amman, and twice in Riyadh. His second tour of Riyadh was as Counsellor Political 2000 - 2003 and he was instrumental in the opening of the Counter Terrorism dialogue with the Saudis in the aftermath of the Twin Towers attacks in New York. Nic has particular interests in Saudi Arabia, salafism and sectarianism, and the practice of diplomacy. He is a Teaching Fellow in PPR at Lancaster University.
Hervin Fernández-Aceves is a Postdoctoral Research Associate at Lancaster, carrying out research on medieval Sardinia and the understanding and representation of its society and political autonomy. His forthcoming monograph, County and Nobility in Norman Italy, 1130–1189 (I.B. Tauris, 2020), draws on his doctoral research to illustrate and reassess the often-overlooked role of the Italo-Norman nobility, where he offers a new understanding of the political and military agency exercised by the comital class in the Sicilian kingdom. Hervin began his postdoctoral research on Sardinia first as Visiting Research Fellow at the Leeds Arts and Humanities Research Institute, and then as Award-holder at the British School at Rome. His research spans from the early to the central Middles ages in the western Mediterranean and the Byzantine empire, and is currently interested in the diplomatic ties between Sardinia’s native ruling class and other medieval polities, and the military capabilities of the Sardinian landholding aristocracy.Dr Hervin Fernandez Aceves
Basil Germond is the Director of Research Training for the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. He specialises in naval affairs, seapower, maritime security and ocean governance, favouring multi-disciplinary approaches across social sciences. His research aims at understanding human, social and political interactions at, from, within, and with the sea. He privileges mixed methods and approaches, ranging from corpus linguistics to content analysis to the application of IR theories. His specific research interests cover the maritime dimension of the European Union, maritime security, maritime strategy and maritime geopolitics, the concept of seapower (including its historical evolution), ocean governance, climate change dimensions in maritime security, and frontiers in IR. He has developed cross-disciplinary research within social sciences (e.g. linguistics, human geography) and beyond, notably with marine sciences. In particular, his research on the history of the concept of seapower aligns with the Centre for War and Diplomacy’ research plans.Dr Basil Germond
Meredith Guthrie is a PhD student at Lancaster University, researching a comparative study of the establishment and evolution of minority governments in England c. 1200-1500. Central to her investigation are questions regarding appeals to precedent in the construction of these interim regimes, as well as authority and practice in the conduct of domestic politics and foreign diplomacy at those times when councils and regents governed on behalf on an underage monarch.
Michael Hughes is an historian of Russian history in the 19th and 20th centuries with a particular interest in Russia’s interactions with the wider world. He has a particular interest in the way in which transnational cultural interactions shape diplomatic and political relations between states. Michael Hughes is the author of six monographs and more than fifty scholarly articles. He is co-editor of a number of volumes in the multi-volume collection Russia’s Great War and Revolution (Slavica), which contains contributions from numerous scholars around the world. He is currently writing a book on transnational revolutionary networks in the years before the Russian Revolution. Michael Hughes has broadcast widely on radio and television and served as Treasurer of a number of scholarly societies including the Royal Historical Society and the British Association for Slavonic and East European Studies.Professor Michael Hughes
Sandra Kemp is Director of The Ruskin - Library, Museum and Research Centre and Professor of Heritage Futures at Lancaster University. As an academic and curator, she has an international track record of successful delivery of interdisciplinary, collaborative and industry-related research and curation. Her previous roles have included the V&A, the Royal College of Art, the National Portrait Gallery, the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC, and the Universities of Oxford, Southampton and Glasgow. She is currently Visiting Professor in the Department of Materials at Imperial College London. Her expertise in museum curation and her understanding of how museums can shape and imagine the future, and as sites or social agency and activism are at the heart of the 2019 relaunch of The Ruskin, and its world-class collections. Her futures-related work includes the exhibition ‘Ruskin: Museum of the Near Future’, and the exhibition and monograph, ‘Future Face: Image, Innovation, Identity’ at the London Science Museum. She led ‘The Future is our Business: The Visual History of Future Expertise’ project at the Victoria and Albert Museum. Her current project ‘Universal Histories and Universal Museums’ (funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (UK) and LABEX (France): https://universalhistories.org/ ) on the role of the museum in building knowledge about the future is in collaboration with museums internationally. The Ruskin and the CWD are co-developing an interdisciplinary exhibition on the historical relationship between innovation and the development of destructive technologies.Professor Sandra Kemp
Anna-Sophie Maass is a Lecturer in International Relations and Diplomacy in the Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion at Lancaster University. After having graduated with a PhD in Politics and International Relations from La Trobe University, Anna-Sophie worked at the College of Europe (Natolin) before taking up a Lectureship in European Politics at the University of Groningen. Her research is at the intersection of European Studies and International Relations. An assessment of the reasons shaping the gradual deterioration of EU-Russian relations is at the core of her monograph EU-Russia Relations 1999-2015. From Courtship to Confrontation (Routledge, 2016). Anna-Sophie’s research interests also focus on EU diplomacy, EU foreign policy towards the post-Soviet space and Russian politics. Within the research consortium EU Foreign Policy Facing New Realities: Perceptions, Contestation, Communication and Relations, funded by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST), CA17119: https://foreignpolicynewrealities.eu/ Anna-Sophie coordinates a working group aimed at the professional development of early career researchers and launched a policy brief series.Dr Anna-Sophie Maass
Jenny McHugh is a PhD candidate at Lancaster University, funded by the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences studentship, supervised by Dr. Sophie Ambler and Dr. Fiona Edmonds. Her research focuses upon concepts of loyalty and duty as experienced by the Scottish Church during David II of Scotland’s reign and the Second Wars of Independence. Diplomacy and warfare are key themes to this, since the papacy in the 1300s acted as the key mediator of European warfare. Scottish clergymen had to carefully negotiate their loyalty to their religious community, over which the Pope presided, and their regional loyalties to their secular lords. Fourteenth-century conflict irreversibly damaged the Scottish Church and the varied political stance of differing groups of clergymen can be attributed to this destruction. Her research examines these themes to understand why the Church failed to unite against English invasion as it previously had during the First Wars of Independence.Jenny McHugh
Dr Liz Oakley-Brown is Senior Lecturer in premodern literature and culture in the Department of English Literature and Creative Writing. She has published book chapters and articles on the writings of the sixteenth-century solider/author Thomas Churchyard and is currently working on a book-length project about Churchyard and the embodiment of war.Dr Liz Oakley-Brown
Philip Pedley is currently researching the development of the Anglosphere (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK, US) core as a ‘Deutschian’ Security Community with a focus on transnational working arrangements and behaviour in war. The latter is facilitated by reference to various datasets relating to conflicts, treaties and diplomatic activity. His PhD research activities are focussed on the post WW2 period but his interest also extends to the early origins of the Anglosphere dating back to the turn end of the 19th Century onwards. By way of comparison with the development of the Anglosphere he has researched and contrasted the experience of France’s colonial wars since 1946. He presented a paper on this subject at the 2017 Transatlantic Studies Conference at University College Cork. He has also has an interest in the early history of the modern Turkish Republic and its struggle for internal and external stability. In 2018, the Gomidas Institute published his book on the 1926 attempted coup against the presidency of Kemal Ataturk.
Corinna Peniston-Bird is a Senior Lecturer in Gender and Cultural History who has worked extensively on the combat taboo, and on masculinities and femininities at war. Since 1998, her research and teaching has centred on gender dynamics in Britain in the Second World War. Previous publications include ‘Of hockey sticks and Sten guns : British auxiliaries and their weapons in the Second World War’ Women's History Magazine, Autumn 2014, No. 76, 2014 ‘and the co-edited special issue: with Wendy Ugolini, Journal of War and Culture Studies ‘Silenced Mourning;’ (2014). She has also co-edited three collections, with Emma Vickers, Gender and the Second World War: Lessons of War (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016); Sarah Barber, History beyond the Text: A Student's Guide to approaching alternative Sources. (London: Routledge, 2008); with Gerard DeGroot, A Soldier and a Woman: Sexual Integration in the Military. (Harlow: Pearson Education, 2000).Dr Corinna Peniston-Bird
Louis Pulford is an AHRC-funded PhD candidate at Lancaster University. His research explores the role of ritual in the exercising of power in the kingdoms of France and Aragon, c.1200-1250. It was within this region that a diplomatic and cultural nexus emerged during the twelfth century, as rulers sought to secure their power and contend for dominance through both military operations and carefully staged acts of ritual that created a shared cultural language through which they could communicate. A key aspect of his research concerns the role played by crusading ideology in the development of aristocratic identities. Through the study of crusading literature, he is considering how the French nobility came to see it as their duty to wage holy war against the enemies of Christendom. His is also involved in a project with Cartmel Priory in commemorating their founder, William Marshal, one of England’s great warrior heroes.Louis Pulford
Thomas Rohkramer is a historian of nineteenth and twentieth century Germany, with a particular interest in the cultural and intellectual history of Conservatism and National Socialism, nationalism and militarism. His research in military history focuses in particular on the concept of ‘total war’ and how war experiences link with the memory of war, social militarism and a more general political culture. Major Publications: Der Militarismus der ‘kleinen Leute’. Die Kriegervereine im Deutschen Kaiserreich 1971-1914 (1990); Eine andere Moderne? Zivilisationskritik, Natur und Technik in Deutschland 1880-1933 (1999), A Single Communal Faith? The German Right from Conservatism to National Socialism (2007); Die Fatale Attraktion des Nationalsozialismus. Über die Popularität eines Unrechtregimes (2013); Martin Heidegger: eine charismatische Stimme in drei deutschen Staaten. Eine politische Biographie (in print).Dr Thomas Rohkramer
Johanne Marie Skov
Johanne Marie Skov is a PhD candidate at Lancaster University, and recipient of the ‘Cold War in Global Perspectives’ Scholarship funded by the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences. Dr Marco Wyss and Dr Thomas Mills supervise her research, which focuses on how state actors respond to perceived security-political threats by, among others, seeking new alliances and even engaging in proxy wars. In particular, Johanne Marie explores how the US- Saudi Arabian relationship developed in response to the 1979 revolution in Iran in a Cold War context. In the 1980s the US and Saudi Arabia, each with their own motives, worked together to curb the Soviet influence in theatres sometimes far beyond their borders, such as in Afghanistan and the Horn of Africa. Before returning to academia, Johanne Marie served as an officer in the Royal Danish Army, most recently as a UN Military Observer in Lebanon (UNTSO) and Yemen (UNMHA).
Naomi Tadmor specialises in English social history 1500–1800. Her main publications include: The Practice and Representation of Reading (coedited, Cambridge, 1996); Family and Friends in Eighteenth-century England: Household, Kinship and Patronage (Cambridge, 2001); and The Social Universe of the English Bible: Scripture, Society and Culture in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2010). She is currently studying England’s welfare legislation and its wide-ranging effects. Central aspects of her research concern the Civil War and Britain’s long-term international wars. Naomi has completed her BA and MA at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and her PhD at the University of Cambridge. She has held a Research Fellowship at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, and has taught at the universities of Cambridge and Sussex before joining Lancaster. She has been awarded Fellowships by the British Academy and Leverhulme Trust, the Folger Shakespeare Library, and the Huntington Library, and is Chair of Social History Society.Professor Naomi Tadmor
Winfried Heinemann is a professional military historian who spent his career in the German Armed Forces’ military history services. In 2018, he retired as a Colonel, but continues to teach in the Brandenburg University of Technology at Cottbus (Germany). Winfried Heinemann studied in the Ruhr University, Bochum, and at King’s College London. His Ph.D. thesis discussed the origins of political cooperation in NATO, indicating his tendency to combine history, security politics, and military questions into a broad approach. Amongst other things, he was a journal editor, the German Armed Forces Centre of Military History’s press spokesperson, and the desk officer responsible for military history in the German Ministry of Defence (1999-2001). He went on to supervise a research project on East German and Warsaw Pact military history. He was Head of the Research Department and Director of Historical Education before becoming the Centre of Military History’s Deputy Commander and Chief of Staff. Winfried Heinemann is the Associate and Book Reviews Editor of the International Journal of Military History and Historiography (Brill). His latest publication is a book placing the 20 July 1944 plot against Hitler in the context of 20th century German military history. The book won an award providing for its translation so that an English-language version should be available soon.
Gaynor has been Professor of International History at the University of Kent since 2013. Her major publications include The Berlin Embassy of Lord D'Abernon, 1920-1926 (Palgrave, 2002) and Locarno Revisited: European Diplomacy 1920-1929 (Routledge, 2004). Her interest in diplomats and British foreign policy led to The Foreign Office and British Diplomacy in the Twentieth Century (Routledge, 2005) and to Our Man in Berlin: The Diary of Sir Eric Phipps, 1933-1937 (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2008). She has edited a number of books on how states interacted with each other in the years leading to the Second World War. These themes are also explored in her most recent book, Lord Robert Cecil: Politician and Internationalist (Ashgate, 2013). Along with Professor John Keiger, University of Cambridge, she was the holder of a major AHRC grant for Networks and Actors in British and French Foreign Ministry Responses to the Idea of European Integration, 1919-1957. This examines British and French foreign policy from the perspective of civil servants/permanent officials rather than through the political elite. It also analyses the effect of formative influences, such as education, social background etc. on these people’s thinking about foreign policy issues. She is currently completing a book on British ambassadors to Paris in the interwar period as well as a prosopographic study of the role of women in British diplomacy in the twentieth century.
Hugo Meijer is CNRS Research Fellow at Sciences Po, Center for International Studies (CERI). He is also the Founding Director of the European Initiative for Security Studies (EISS), a network of scholars from over eighty universities that share the goal of consolidating security studies in Europe. Previously, he was Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow at the European University Institute (EUI, Florence), Lecturer in Defence Studies at King’s College London and a Researcher at the Institute for Strategic Research (IRSEM, Paris). He received his Ph.D. in International Relations from Sciences Po in 2013 (cum laude). Recent publications: The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces (Oxford University Press, 2018), co-edited with Marco Wyss; La politique étrangère: approches disciplinaires [Foreign Policy: Disciplinary Approaches] (Montreal University Press, 2018), co-edited with Christian Lequesne; Trading with the Enemy: The Making of US Export Control Policy toward the People’s Republic of China (Oxford University Press, 2016); Origins and Evolution of the US Rebalance toward Asia: Diplomatic, Military, and Economic Dimensions (ed.) (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015). He has also published in such journals as Cooperation and Conflict, Journal of Strategic Studies, European Journal of International Security and the Journal of Cold War Studies.
David Ryan is Professor of Modern History at University College Cork, Ireland. He has published extensively on contemporary history and US foreign policy, concentrating on interventions in the post–Vietnam era including Central America, Angola, Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria and the broader Middle East amongst other places. He is currently completing a manuscript on the US memory of the Vietnam War and military intervention since 1975. He is a senior associate editor of the Journal of Transatlantic Studies and serves on a few other boards including the Cambridge University Press Global Middle East series, the International History Review and the Forum for Inter-American Research. He has acted as Secretary, Vice-Chair, Co-Chair and Chair of the Transatlantic Studies Association of which he was one of the founding members. His books include Not Even Past: How the United States Ends Wars (2020) edited with David Fitzgerald and John M. Thompson, Obama, US Foreign Policy and the Dilemmas of Intervention coauthored with David Fitzgerald (2014); US Foreign Policy and the Other, edited with Michael Cullinane (2015); Frustrated Empire: US Foreign Policy from 9/11 to Iraq (2007); Vietnam in Iraq: Tactics, Lessons, Legacies and Ghosts, edited with John Dumbrell (2007); The United States and Europe in the Twentieth Century (2003); US Foreign Policy in World History (2000); and US-Sandinista Diplomatic Relations: Voice of Intolerance (1995). He has published over 40 articles on US foreign policy. He has lived and worked in several places including: India, Malaysia, Australia, England, Ireland and Canada. He has previously served as the Associate Dean and Head of the Graduate School, a Vice Head of College and as the Head of the School of History in Cork.
Professor Simon Guy is chair of the Advisory Board of the Centre for War and Diplomacy. He is Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS) at Lancaster University and will soon take up the role of Pro-Vice-Chancellor Digital, Global and Development at Lancaster. Simon began his career as an engineer before beginning his academic life pursuing studies in the humanities and cultural sociology. Situated within schools of architecture and planning, Simon has focussed upon sustainable urbanism where his interdisciplinary and international research connects architecture with urban planning, the property sector with utilities, academia with industry. He has established links with academics in North America, Asia and Europe and has held research fellowships in Tokyo, Paris, Berlin, Graz, Leuven, California and Singapore. Simon has published around sixty refereed article, over thirty book chapters and six books. He has been responsible as a principal or co-investigator for around £4.5 million of research income (£2.5 million as PI) derived from a variety of sources including RCUK, European and industry funds. These funds have been spread across the social sciences, the arts and humanities and engineering, as well as across both environmental (Global Environmental Change) and economic themes (Cities and Economic Competitiveness).
Peter Collecott CMG
Dr Peter Collecott is a former British career diplomat. He served abroad in political and economic roles in Sudan, Australia, Indonesia, Germany and, finally, Brazil, where he was British Ambassador from 2004-2008. In London, Peter had a series of political jobs dealing with Portugal, Iran and Iraq (during the Iran/Iraq conflict), and the external relations of the European Community. Later in his career, he was the CFO of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and then Head of the Administration. Peter took a first-class degree in mathematics at St John’s College, Cambridge, spent a year at MIT as a Kennedy Scholar, and then returned to St John’s to obtain a PhD in Theoretical Physics. He then was a Royal Society Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Physics and Astrophysics in Munich, before joining the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Peter has acted as an Adviser to major British companies doing business with Brazil, to The Prince’s Charities’ International Sustainability Unit, and to the Government of Catalonia; and as the Chair of Canning House. He is currently Co-chairman of The Ambassador Partnership, a network of British and other former Ambassadors engaged in intermediation between companies and governments, and in training. He lectures on Brazil, international relations and diplomacy, and Brexit.
Margaret MacMillan is an historian and academic administrator. She was Warden of St Antony’s College, University of Oxford from 2007 to 2017. She is an emerita professor of International History at Oxford and a professor of History at the University of Toronto, as well as a trustee of the Central European University and the Imperial War Museum.
Her research specializes in British imperial history and the international history of the 19th and 20th centuries. Publications include Peacemakers: The Paris Conference of 1919 and Its Attempt to End War (2001) (also as Paris, 1919 in the United States); Seize the Hour: when Nixon met Mao (2006) (also as Six Months that Changed the World); The War that Ended Peace: How Europe abandoned peace for the First World War (2013) and History’s People: Personalities and the Past (2015). In 2018 she gave the BBC’s Reith Lectures. She comments frequently in the media on international affairs.
Sir Hew Strachan
Hew Strachan, FBA, FRSE, Hon. D. Univ (Paisley) has been Wardlaw Professor of International Relations at the University of St Andrews since 2015. He is a Life Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, where he taught from 1975 to 1992, before becoming Professor of Modern History at Glasgow University from 1992 to 2001. He was Chichele Professor of the History of War at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of All Souls College 2002-15 (where he is now an Emeritus Fellow), and Director of the Oxford Programme on the Changing Character of War 2003-2012. He was a Commonwealth War Graves Commissioner 2006-18 and a Trustee of the Imperial War Museum 2010-18, and a member of the national committees for the centenary of the First World War of the United Kingdom, Scotland and France. In 2010 he chaired a task force on the implementation of the Armed Forces Covenant for the Prime Minister and has been a member of the Covenant Reference Group since its inception. In 2011 he was the inaugural Humanitas Visiting Professor in War Studies at the University of Cambridge and became a specialist adviser to the Joint Parliamentary Committee on the National Security Strategy. He is an Ensign in the Queen's Bodyguard for Scotland (Royal Company of Archers), and in 2014 was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Tweeddale. In 2016 he was awarded the Pritzker Prize for Lifetime Achievement for Military Writing. His recent publications include The Politics of the British Army (1997); The First World War: To Arms (2001); The First World War: a New Illustrated History (2003); and The Direction of War (2013).