Dr Edward ParkinSenior Lecturer in Biomedicine
Dr Edward Parkin is interested in the role played by the proteolysis of cell proteins in neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease and cancers, particularly prostate cancer.
The amyloid precursor protein (APP), Alzheimer's disease and gene therapy
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition caused by accumulation within the brain of neurotoxic amyloid beta (Aß)-peptides. These short peptides are derived from the larger amyloid precursor protein (APP) through sequential cleavage by two enzymes known as β- and γ-secretases. Alternatively, APP can be shed from the cell surface through the action of an α-secretase which cleaves within the Aß region of the molecule thereby precluding the formation of intact Aß-peptides. We are particularly interested in the role played by a group of enzymes called 'ADAMs' in α-secretase cleavage of APP. Up-regulation of these enzyme activities may be beneficial in AD. We are very interested in soluble extracellular APP fragments such as sAPPα which has beneficial properties for neurons. As such we are also interested in developing gene therapy methods to specifically enhance the production of this and other protective proteins by neurons.
APP and cancer
Although APP has received most attention for its role in AD, more recent studies, including our own, have shown that the protein has a role to play in various cancers. We have shown that copper binding by this protein enables prostate cancer cells to grow effectively despite the high concentrations of this metal found in tumours. We have also shown that APP induces a change in prostate cancer cells known as epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) which facilitates spread of the cancer throughout the body.
Notch signalling in cancer
Notch signalling is a mechanism that cells use to communicate with each other, essentially telling each other how to grow and divide. When this signalling pathway breaks down the cells grow uncontrollably into tumours. We are very interested in the role played by Notch signalling in prostate and colorectal cancers.
- 1995 Ph.D. (Plant biochemistry), University of Central Lancashire, Preston
- 1990 B.Sc.(Hons) Biochemistry, Lancaster University
- 1995-1998 Research Fellow, University of Leeds
- 1998-2001 Research Fellow, University of Leeds
- 2001-2004 Research Fellow, University of Leeds
- 2004-2006 Senior Experimental Officer, University of Leeds
- 2007-2015 Lecturer in Biomedicine, Lancaster University
- 2015-present Senior Lecturer in Biomedicine, Lancaster University
PhD Supervision Interests
Various Masters by Research and PhD projects are available on a self-funded or part funded basis including: Developing neuron specific inducible cell expression systems and potential gene therapies for the study and treatment/prevention of Alzheimer’s disease, elucidating the role of soluble amyloid precursor protein fragments in Alzheimer’s disease, investigating the role of neurexin proteolysis in Alzheimer’s disease, and the role of Jagged1 on prostate cancer metastasis.
NWCR Summer Studentship Renewal
01/07/2021 → 30/09/2021
Alzheimer's Research Project - Year 10
01/10/2018 → 30/09/2019
FHM PhD Studentship - Repurposing gemfibrozil as a treatment for Alzheimer’s disease (£66,336)
01/01/1900 → …
- Ageing and Neuroscience
- Cancer Biology and Genome Stability
- Centre for Ageing Research