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innovative Digital Infrastructure Defence 


The innovative Digital Infrastructure Defence (i-DID) focuses on cyber security and cyber threat intelligence for Internet-enabled cyber-physical systems.

Our goal is to develop cyberattack detection and mitigation methods formulated by practical data-driven solutions that collect, analyse and share insightful threat intelligence related to an adversary’s tactics and procedures, system exploits, vulnerability risks and attack propagation. We place strong emphasis on composing algorithmic and system mechanisms that consider both the internal and external state of a digital networked infrastructure by assessing local and Internet-wide measurements in synergy with device and system-level information.

The iDID group addresses pragmatic industrial requirements using applied research methods and operates in close collaboration with the Cyber Threat Lab, the ICS Lab and Energy Lancaster Institute.


The Industrial Control Systems Lab is a practical, reconfigurable research space hosting real equipment found in common process control environments. But it is not just the Operational Technology present, the Lab is able to emulate a corporate IT infrastructure as well. This enables security research on a range of live systems to explore all forms of cyber security challenges.

Our people

i-DID , SCC (Networking)

i-DID , SCC (Networking)

D22, D - Floor, InfoLab21

i-DID , SCC (Security), Security Lancaster, Security Lancaster (Networks), Security Lancaster (Systems Security)

+44 (0)7412 746161

Cyber Security Research Centre (Security Group), Cyber Threat Lab, i-DID , SCC (Security), Security Lancaster, Security Lancaster (Academic Centre of Excellence), Security Lancaster (Networks), Security Lancaster (Systems Security)

Cyber Threat Lab, i-DID , SCC (Networking)

i-DID , Security Lancaster

Cyber Security Research Centre (Security Group), Cyber Threat Lab, i-DID , SCC (Security), Security Lancaster, Security Lancaster (Academic Centre of Excellence), Security Lancaster (Systems Security)

+44 (0)1524 510788

i-DID , SCC (Networking)

D14, D - Floor, InfoLab21


View Publications


View Projects

KTP in Threat Intelligence Analytical Software
12/08/2019 → 11/08/2021

SL: KTP: Xyone Ltd
12/08/2019 → 04/03/2021

Pozibot: Quantum-secured remote monitoring and data logging technology that enables a dynamic insured warranty for battery packs
01/03/2019 → 31/05/2021

Large-Scale Cloud Resource Allocation
01/02/2019 → 31/01/2020

Aethra : Intelligent RIPE Atlas Resource Allocation
06/11/2018 → 22/01/2021

Enable Ancillary Services bY Renewable Energy Sources
01/03/2018 → 31/12/2021

SL: Upside Energy Ltd (KTP)
01/03/2018 → 29/02/2020

Cyber Risk as Systemic Risk in Financial Services
01/01/2018 → 01/01/2025

Research Investment Equipment Grant
09/03/2015 → 31/03/2015

Maritime Cyber Security
01/06/2014 → …

Future of International Law and Cyber Warfare (Funded by SECURITY FUTURES)
17/07/2013 → 19/07/2013

Contact Us

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By post

i-DID (Dr Angelos Marnerides)
Lancaster University
United Kingdom

By phone

+44 (0)1524 510310

By email


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