A spectrum of coloured light

Electronic Engineering

Group leader

Claudio Paoloni

Cockcroft Institute, Engineering of Microwaves, Terahertz and Light (E-MIT), Security Lancaster, Security Lancaster (Networks)


Laser-assisted controlled pyrolysis of rubber/bitumen raw materials
25/04/2018 → 15/12/2018

THz graphene/metamaterial active frequency modulators
31/03/2018 → 30/03/2019

Hybrid graphene/metamaterial active frequency modulators
01/11/2017 → 31/05/2018

H2020 : ULTRAWAVE : Ultra capacity wireless layer beyond 100 GHz based on millimeter wave Traveling Wave Tubes
01/09/2017 → 31/05/2021

Novel InSb quantum dots monolitically grown on silicon for low cost mid-infrared light emitting diodes
01/05/2016 → 31/01/2019

Microwave filters with improved power handling capabilities for satellite applications
05/01/2016 → 04/01/2017

THz imaging system for characterisation of functional artificial materials
01/01/2016 → …

IS 2015 - Advanced Materials
01/06/2015 → …

High Efficiency Mid-Infrared Semiconductor Materials and Devises Grown on Silicon
01/05/2015 → 01/02/2018

H2020: TWEETHER: Travelling wave tube based W-band wireless networks with high data rate, distribution, spectrum and energy efficiency
01/01/2015 → 30/09/2018

THz backward wave oscillator for plasma diagnostic in nuclear fusion
01/11/2014 → 30/06/2017

CLIC-UK contract Klystron studies and Crab Cavity Synchronisation
01/04/2014 → 31/03/2018

Millimetre wave double corrugated waveguide TWT
01/04/2014 → 31/03/2015

High Power Terahertz Vacuum devices for social benefits: India -UK Joint Action
13/01/2014 → 15/01/2014

Thz backward wave oscillatorm for plasma diagnostic in nuclear fusion
01/12/2013 → 01/12/2015

FST-RG: Backward Wave Oscillator for Plasma Turbulence Diagnostic
01/12/2012 → 01/12/2013

Testability of Analogue Macrocells Embedded in System-on-Chip
01/03/2002 → 30/04/2005

The Electronic Engineering team is a leading research group in the field of microwave, millimetre waves and THz research.

The Electronic Engineering research group forms the core capability within Lancaster's Quantum Technology Centre. It is an integral part of the Cockcroft Institute for Accelerator Science & Technology, an international centre of excellence for R&D of future particle accelerators.

Core research interests in electronics include mixed-signal electronics, interfaces and packaging, MEMS, microfluidic technologies and biophotonics. Competencies and resources within the group allow research into high-frequency fields including microwave and vacuum electronics, particle accelerators and klystrons, terahertz radiation and applications, mid-infrared photonic materials and devices and photonic crystals, metamaterials and computational electromagnetics. The group aims to merge consolidated knowledge with research beyond state of the art, to create an exciting environment for students and researchers worldwide.

Research activity


E-MIT group manages or has access to, a number of specialised laboratories at the Engineering Department and Cockcroft Institute. The vast amount of experimental resources available is fundamental to our cutting-edge research.

Microwave and Millimetre-wave Lab

Our high-power microwave laboratory provides an array of well-established facilities that are fully operative for research in the field of low-frequency vacuum tube and microwave components. A full set of equipment is available (ZVA40 Vector Network Analyzer (4 ports, 10MHz-40GHz), scalar network analysers, spectrum analyser, power meter, frequency generator, and ZVA-Z110 Frequency converter (WR10 75GHz to 110GHz).

Anechoic Chamber

Lancaster has two RF anechoic chambers. These are specially designed boxes which absorb all radio frequency signals that are emitted avoiding reflections inside the chamber. This is required to measure the performance of antennas and other sensitive radio frequency electronics.

High Energy X-ray Imaging

Lancaster has designed two high-energy X-ray sources for cargo imaging, both of which are currently based at Daresbury Laboratory. The sources use high-power microwaves to accelerate electrons to high energy before smashing them into a tungsten target to generate up to 3 MeV X-rays. This is then used to image cargo on the conveyor.


The CRAB lab at Daresbury is operated by Lancaster University and STFC (the Science and Technology Facilities Council). It is a state-of-the-art microwave measurement lab that includes mobile clean rooms and a 3-axis bead-pull facility. Here, a small perturbing bead can be accurately moved through 3 dimensions whilst RF performance is measured using a network analyser to map microwave fields in 3D.

High Power Magnetrons

Lancaster has a range of high-power magnetrons from 1 kW up to 3 MW at frequencies from 2.4 GHz up to 9.3 GHz. These are used for driving particle accelerators, RF processing and our novel research into phase-locked magnetrons.

Veeco GENxplor Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE)

Lancaster has an MBE system ideal for photonics materials research on emerging technologies such as UV LEDs, solar cells and high-temperature superconductors. The MBE system allows for substrates up to 3” diameter and is ideal for cutting-edge research on a wide variety of materials including GaAs, nitrides and oxides.