Professor Vincent Reid

Professor of Psychology

Research Interests

My research focuses on various developmental aspects of social perception and cognition during early development, namely: (1) Social-cognitive processes from biological motion detection and interpretation through to the perception of human action; (2) Methodology and recently (3) Late term fetal development. I use a number of techniques in order to investigate these issues, including brain derived measures (EEG/ERP), behavioural paradigms and interventions.

Social Cognition - From biological motion to action interpretation

How does the identification of conspecifics change within the first postnatal year? Identifying others of the same species is a foundational skill that is required for further increments in social-cognitive abilities. One fundamental topic in the developmental sciences must therefore be how human infants, with limited experience, nonetheless discriminate various forms of motion. It is an area ripe for the examination of the role of experience in such cognitive skills.

Understanding others’ action sequences is fundamental for perceiving complex aspects of human movement, such as detecting goal directed behavior and intentional actions. Perceiving these aspects of human behaviour is necessary for abilities that are essential for human cultural skills, such as imitation and language learning. The neural basis of action processing as seen in the adult brain raises some fascinating questions for developmental psychologists.


As psychologists, we often use very precise and complex devices to assess elements of human behaviour or brain activity. As a developmental psychologist, it has become increasingly clear to me that many of the techniques that we use are co-opted from adult research, despite the fact that this has implications which have not been fully considered. A recent theme of my publications has been to explore elements of the methods that are regularly used and to understand how infant populations have specific characteristics that impact on obtained results.

Third Trimester Fetal Development

My lab is currently attempting to understand the visual and auditory world in utero. Extensive work has been conducted into postnatal perceptual and cognitive development but very little is known about how perception and cognition might develop before this point. For example, newborn infants have a visual preference for face-like stimuli, can discriminate between small sets of numbers and can match mouth movements to simple speech sounds. If such capacities are shown in the human fetus, what mechanisms might explain the emergence and development of these perceptual and cognitive processes? Most of our efforts at the moment are focussed on developing methods related to delivering visual stimuli to the fetus in a way that is safe, ethical and effective. We then use 4D ultrasound to measure fetal behaviours, including head orientations and fixations times towards stimuli and facial behaviour.

Links between action perception and action production in 10-week-old infants
Reid, V.M., Kaduk, K., Lunn, J. 7/11/2017 In: Neuropsychologia.
Journal article

Event-related potentials discriminate familiar and unusual goal outcomes in 5-month-olds and adults
Michel, C., Kaduk, K., Ní Choisdealbha, Á., Reid, V.M. 10/2017 In: Developmental Psychology. 53, 10, p. 1833-1843. 11 p.
Journal article

The human fetus preferentially engages with face-like visual stimuli
Reid, V.M., Dunn, K.J., Young, R.J., Amu, J., Donovan, T., Reissland, N. 19/06/2017 In: Current Biology. 27, 12, p. 1825-1828. 4 p.
Journal article

Sensitivity to structure in action sequences: an infant event-related potential study
Monroy, C.D., Gerson, S.A., Domínguez-Martínez, E., Kaduk, K., Hunnius, S., Reid, V. 6/05/2017 In: Neuropsychologia.
Journal article

Semantic processing of actions at 9 months is linked to language proficiency at 9 and 18 months
Kaduk, K., Bakker, M., Juvrud, J., Gredebäck, G., Westermann, G., Lunn, J., Reid, V.M. 11/2016 In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 151, 13 p.
Special issue

Coherent emotional perception from body expressions and the voice
Yeh, P., Geangu, E., Reid, V.M. 10/2016 In: Neuropsychologia. 91, p. 99-108. 10 p.
Journal article

ERP correlates of two separate top-down mechanisms in visual categorization
Linnert, S., Reid, V.M., Westermann, G. 10/2016
Meeting abstract

Do fetuses move their lips to the sound that they hear?: an observational feasibility study on auditory stimulation in the womb
Reissland, N., Francis, B.J., Buttanshaw, L., Austen, J., Reid, V.M. 1/03/2016 In: Pilot and Feasibility Studies. 2, 14, p. 1-7. 7 p.
Journal article

Dissociating associative and motor aspects of action understanding: processing of dual-ended tools by 16-month-old infants.
Ní Choisdealbha, A., Westermann, G., Dunn, K., Reid, V. 03/2016 In: British Journal of Developmental Psychology. 34, 1, p. 115-131. 17 p.
Journal article

Evidence for face-like preferences during visual processing of stimuli by the human fetus in utero
Dunn, K.J., Reid, V.M., Young, R.J., Amu, J., Reissland, N. 2016

The prenatal concept of number: further evidence of visual processing of stimuli before birth
Dunn, K.J., Reissland, N., Young, R.J., Amu, J., Reid, V.M. 2016

Apparatus and method for projecting light through a light dispersive medium
Young, R.J., Reid, V.M. 13/11/2015

The development of brain mechanisms for social attention in humans
Reid, V., Dunn, K. 10/09/2015 In: The many faces of social attention. Springer p. 67-91. 25 p. ISBN: 9783319213675. Electronic ISBN: 9783319213682.

Theta- and alpha-band EEG activity in response to eye gaze cues in early infancy
Michel, C., Stets, M., Parise, E., Reid, V., Striano, T., Hoehl, S. 09/2015 In: NeuroImage. 118, p. 576-583. 8 p.
Journal article

EEG Monitoring Device
Reid, V.M., Lunn, J.F., Dominguez Martinez, E., Usherwood, B.S., Marin, O. 28/08/2015

Top-down and bottom-up effects on the visual N1 category differences
Linnert, S., Reid, V., Westermann, G. 08/2015
Meeting abstract

The fixation distance to the stimulus influences ERP quality: an EEG and eye tracking N400 study
Dominguez Martinez, E., Parise, E., Strandvall, T., Reid, V. 29/07/2015 In: PLoS ONE. 10, 7, 14 p.
Journal article

The functional foetal brain: a systematic preview of methodological factors in reporting fetal visual and auditory capacity
Dunn, K., Reissland, N., Reid, V. 06/2015 In: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 13, p. 43-52. 10 p.
Journal article

The neuropsychology of infants' pro-social preferences
Gredebäck, G., Kaduk, K., Bakker, M., Gottwald, J., Ekberg, T., Elsner, C., Reid, V., Kenward, B. 04/2015 In: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 12, p. 106-113. 8 p.
Journal article

The developmental cognitive neuroscience of action: semantics, motor resonance and social processing
Ni Choisdealbha, A., Reid, V. 06/2014 In: Experimental Brain Research. 232, 6, p. 1585-1597. 13 p.
Journal article

Eye contact during live social interaction modulates infants' oscillatory brain activity
Hoehl, S., Michel, C., Reid, V., Parise, E., Striano, T. 2014 In: Social Neuroscience. 9, 3, p. 300-308. 9 p.
Journal article

Discrimination of animate and inanimate motion in 9-month-old infants: an ERP study
Kaduk, K., Elsner, B., Reid, V. 10/2013 In: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 6, p. 14-22. 9 p.
Journal article

Infants need more variety – increased data acquisition with reduced participant attrition in infant ERP studies
Stets, M., Burt, M., Reid, V. 18/03/2013 In: Frontiers in Psychology. 4, 117
Journal article

The neural correlates of passively viewed sequences of true and false beliefs
Geangu, E., Gibson, A., Kaduk, K., Reid, V.M. 2013 In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 8, 4, p. 432-437. 6 p.
Journal article

Investigating the biographic, social and temperamental correlates of young infants' sleeping, crying and feeding routines
Kaley, F., Reid, V., Flynn, E. 06/2012 In: Infant Behavior and Development. 35, 3, p. 596-605. 10 p.
Journal article

A meta-analysis investigating factors underlying attrition rates in infant ERP studies
Stets, M., Stahl, D., Reid, V.M. 2012 In: Developmental Neuropsychology. 37, 3, p. 226-252. 27 p.
Journal article

Introduction to the special issue: Infant EEG comes of age
Reid, V.M. 2012 In: Developmental Neuropsychology. 37, 3, 2 p.

Mu rhythm modulation during observation of an occluded grasping action in 14-month-old infants
Landt, J., Grigutsch, M., Reid, V., Striano, T. 2012
Meeting abstract

The psychology of infant colic: a review of current research
Kaley, F., Reid, V., Flynn, E. 09/2011
Literature review

Infant ERP amplitudes change over the course of an experimental session: implications for cognitive processes and methodology
Stets, M., Reid, V.M. 08/2011 In: Brain and Development. 33, 7, p. 558-568. 11 p.
Journal article

Neural correlates of dyadic interaction during infancy
Reid, V.M., Striano, T., Iacoboni, M. 04/2011 In: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 1, 2, p. 124-130. 7 p.
Journal article

The presence or absence of older siblings and variation in infant goal-directed motor development
Reid, V., Stahl, D., Striano, T. 07/2010 In: International Journal of Behavioral Development. 34, 4, p. 325-329. 5 p.
Journal article

Looking at eye gaze processing and its neural correlates in infancy-implications for social development and autism spectrum disorder
Hoehl, S., Reid, V.M., Parise, E., Handl, A., Palumbo, L., Striano, T. 07/2009
Literature review

The neural correlates of infant and adult goal prediction: evidence for semantic processing systems
Reid, V.M., Hoehl, S., Grigutsch, M., Groendahl, A., Parise, E., Striano, T. 05/2009 In: Developmental Psychology. 45, 3, p. 620-629. 10 p.
Journal article

Research methodology and social cognition
Reid, V., Geangu, E. 2009 In: Social cognition. Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell p. 17-34. 18 p. ISBN: 9781405162173.

Direct eye contact influences the neural processing of objects in 5-month-old infants
Parise, E., Reid, V.M., Stets, M., Striano, T. 06/2008 In: Social Neuroscience. 3, 2, p. 141-150. 10 p.
Journal article

Human infants dissociate structural and dynamic information in biological motion: evidence from neural systems
Reid, V.M., Hoehl, S., Landt, J., Striano, T. 06/2008 In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 3, 2, p. 161-167. 7 p.
Journal article

N400 involvement in the processing of action sequences
Reid, V.M., Striano, T. 12/03/2008 In: Neuroscience Letters. 433, 2, p. 93-97. 5 p.
Journal article

What are you looking at?: infants' neural processing of an adult's object-directed eye gaze
Hoehl, S., Reid, V., Mooney, J., Striano, T. 01/2008 In: Developmental Science. 11, 1, p. 10-16. 7 p.
Journal article

The discrimination of angry and fearful facial expressions in 7-month-old infants: an event-related potential study
Kobiella, A., Grossmann, T., Reid, V.M., Striano, T. 2008 In: Cognition and Emotion. 22, 1, p. 134-146. 13 p.
Journal article

Neural correlates of the perception of goal-directed action in infants
Reid, V.M., Csibra, G., Belsky, J., Johnson, M.H. 2007 In: Acta Psychologica. 124, 1, p. 129-138. 10 p.
Journal article

Social cognition during infancy: introduction
Reid, V., Striano, T., Koops, W. 2007 In: European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 4, 1, 1 p.

The directed attention model of infant social cognition
Reid, V.M., Striano, T. 2007 In: European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 4, 1, p. 100-110. 11 p.
Journal article

Eye contact influences neural processing of emotional expressions in 4-month-old infants
Striano, T., Kopp, F., Grossmann, T., Reid, V.M. 2006 In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 1, 2, p. 87-94. 8 p.
Journal article

Neural mechanisms of joint attention in infancy
Striano, T., Reid, V.M., Hoehl, S. 2006 In: European Journal of Neuroscience. 23, 10, p. 2819-2823. 5 p.
Journal article

Oral exploration and reaching toward social and non-social objects in two-, four-, and six-month-old infants
Chen, X., Reid, V.M., Striano, T. 2006 In: European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 3, 1, p. 1-12. 12 p.
Journal article

Social cognition in the first year
Striano, T., Reid, V.M. 2006
Literature review

The perception of biological motion by infants: An event-related potential study
Reid, V.M., Hoehl, S., Striano, T. 2006 In: Neuroscience Letters. 395, 3, p. 211-214. 4 p.
Journal article

Adult gaze influences infant attention and object processing: implications for cognitive neuroscience
Reid, V.M., Striano, T. 2005 In: European Journal of Neuroscience. 21, 6, p. 1763-1766. 4 p.
Journal article

JOHNSON, M. H., MUNAKATA, Y. & GILMORE, R. O. (eds), Brain development and cognition: a reader (2nd Edition). : Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2002. Pp. 544
Reid, V., Striano, T. 2005 In: Journal of Child Language. 32, 2, 4 p.
Book/Film/Article review

Eye gaze cueing facilitates neural processing of objects in 4-month-old infants
Reid, V.M., Striano, T., Kaufman, J., Johnson, M.H. 2004 In: NeuroReport. 15, 16, p. 2553-2555. 3 p.
Journal article

Maternal personality and infants' neural and visual responsivity to facial expressions of emotion
de Haan, M., Belsky, J., Reid, V., Volein, A., Johnson, M.H. 2004 In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 45, 7, p. 1209-1218. 10 p.
Journal article