Professor Robert Simmons

Professor

Research Interests

Labour economics:  economics of working time; employment effects of working time reductions in Germany; union bargaining over working time; efficiency wage models; adverse selection models; personnel economics.

Sports economics:   earnings of sports stars; pay and performance of players and teams in US and European sports; spatial and match-by-match models of attendance demand in sports;  economics of sports broadcasting;models of outcome uncertainty and competitive balance in sports leagues; betting markets in sports.

An analysis of consumer response to corruption: Italy's Calciopoli scandal
Buraimo, B., Migali, G., Simmons, R. 2014 Lancaster : Lancaster University, Department of Economics, 27 p.
Working paper

The returns to scarce talent: footedness and player renumeration in European soccer
Bryson, A., Frick, B., Simmons, R. 12/2013 In: Journal of Sports Economics. 14, 6, p. 606-628. 23 p.
Journal article

The Effects of Coworker Heterogeneity on Firm-Level Output: Assessing the Impacts of Cultural and Language Diversity in the National Hockey League
Kahane, L., Longley, N., Simmons, R. 03/2013 In: The Review of Economics and Statistics. 95, 1, p. 302-314. 13 p.
Journal article

The impact of individual and collective reputation on wine prices: empirical evidence from the Mosel valley
Frick, B., Simmons, R. 02/2013 In: Journal of Business Economics. 83, 2, p. 101-119. 19 p.
Journal article

Restaurant wars: spatial competition in UK restaurants
De Silva, D., Elliott, C., Simmons, R. 2013 Lancaster University, Department of Economics
Working paper

Bad for business?: the effect of football hooliganism on English professional soccer clubs
Simmons, R. 2013 The Department of Economics
Working paper

The hidden costs of high performance work practices: evidence from a large German steel company
Frick, B., Goetzen, U., Simmons, R. 2013 In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review. 66, 1, p. 198-224. 27 p.
Journal article

Favoritism and referee bias in European soccer: Evidence from the Spanish League and the UEFA Champions' League
Buraimo, B., Simmons, R., Maciaszczyk, M. 31/07/2012 In: Contemporary Economic Policy. 30, 3, p. 329-343. 15 p.
Journal article

Gambling and the NFL
Paul, R., Simmons, R., Weinbach, A. 2012 In: The economics of the National Football League. New York : Springer p. 225-242. 18 p. ISBN: 978-1-4419-6289-8.
Chapter

The economics of the world cup
Simmons, R., Deutscher, C. 2012 In: The Oxford Handbook of Sports Economics. New York : Oxford University Press p. 449-469. 21 p. ISBN: 978-0-19-538777-3.
Chapter

Do salaries improve worker performance?
Bryson, A., Buraimo, B., Simmons, R. 08/2011 In: Labour Economics. 18, 4, p. 424-433. 10 p.
Journal article

What does it mean to find the face of the franchise? Physical attractiveness and the evaluation of athletic performance
Berri, D., Simmons, R., Van Gilder, J., O'Neill, L. 06/2011 In: Economics Letters. 111, 3, p. 200-202. 3 p.
Journal article

Mixing the princes and the paupers: Pay and performance in the National Basketball Association
Simmons, R., Berri, D. 06/2011 In: Labour Economics. 18, 3, p. 381-388. 8 p.
Journal article

Catching a draft: On the process of selecting quarterbacks in the National Football League amateur draft
Berri, D., Simmons, R. 02/2011 In: Journal of Productivity Analysis. 35, 1, p. 35-47. 13 p.
Journal article

Advertising media strategies in the film industry
Elliott, C., Simmons, R. 2011 In: Applied Economics. 43, 29, p. 4461-4468. 8 p.
Journal article

Factors determining UK album success
Elliott, C., Simmons, R. 2011 In: Applied Economics. 43, 30, p. 4699-4706. 8 p.
Journal article

The effect of incentives on sabotage: The case of Spanish football
del Corral, J., Prieto-Rodriguez, J., Simmons, R. 06/2010 In: Journal of Sports Economics. 11, 3, p. 243-260. 18 p.
Journal article

The 12th man? Refereeing bias in English and German soccer
Buraimo, B., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 04/2010 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society - Series A: Statistics in Society. 173, 2, p. 431-449. 19 p.
Journal article

Mixing the princes and the paupers: Pay and performance in the National Basketball Association
Simmons, R., Berri, D.J. 2010 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

What does it mean to find the Face of the Franchise? Physical Attractiveness and the Evaluation of Athletic Performance
Berri, D.J., Simmons, R., Van Gilder, J., O'Neill, L. 2010 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Do Salaries Improve Worker Performance?
Bryson, A., Buraimo, B., Simmons, R. 2010 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

The relationship between betting and lottery play: a high frequency time-series analysis
Simmons, R., Forrest, D., Gulley, O.D. 2010 In: Economic Inquiry. 48, 1, p. 26-38. 13 p.
Journal article

Can subsidies buy success? Revenue sharing in English football
Simmons, R., Walker, I. 2010 In: Optimal strategies in sports economics and management. Berlin : Springer p. 171-185. 15 p. ISBN: 978-3-642-13204-9.
Chapter

Gains from specialization and free agency: the story from the gridiron
Simmons, R., Berri, D.J. 02/2009 In: Review of Industrial Organization. 34, 1, p. 81-98. 18 p.
Journal article

The Effects of Coworker Heterogeneity on Firm-Level Output: Assessing the Impacts of Cultural and Language Diversity in the National Hockey League
Kahane, L.H., Longley, N., Simmons, R. 2009 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Insights for clubs from modelling match attendance in football
Buraimo, B., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2009 In: Journal of the Operational Research Society. 60, 2, p. 147-155. 9 p.
Journal article

A tale of two audiences: spectators, television viewers and outcome uncertainty in Spanish football
Simmons, R., Buraimo, B. 2009 In: Journal of Economics and Business. 61, 4, p. 326–338. 13 p.
Journal article

Race and the evaluation of signal callers in the national football league
Simmons, R., Berri, D. 2009 In: Journal of Sports Economics. 10, 1, p. 23-43. 21 p.
Journal article

Market size and attendance in English premier league football
Simmons, R., Buraimo, B. 2009 In: International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing. 9, 2, p. 200-214. 15 p.
Journal article

Determinants of box office success: the impact of quality signals
Elliott, C., Simmons, R. 09/2008 In: Review of Industrial Organization. 33, 2, p. 93-111. 19 p.
Journal article

The profitability of sports teams: international perspectives
Simmons, R., Buraimo, B. 2008 In: The Business of Sports, Vol.2. Westport : Praeger Publishers p. 33-58. 26 p. ISBN: 027599340X.
Chapter

Do sports fans really value uncertainty of outcome? Evidence from the English Premier League
Buraimo, B., Simmons, R. 2008 In: International Journal of Sport Finance. 3, 3, p. 146-155. 10 p.
Journal article

Human resource management practices and workers' job satisfaction
Petrescu, A.I., Simmons, R. 2008 In: International Journal of Manpower. 29, 7, p. 651-667. 17 p.
Journal article

Fan pressure and football outcomes
Simmons, R. 2008 In: Myths and facts about football: the economics and psychology of the world's greatest sport. Newcastle : Cambridge Scholars Publishing ISBN: 184718622X.
Chapter

Gambling
Simmons, R. 2008 In: Prohibitions. London : Institute of Economic Affairs p. 235-267. 33 p. ISBN: 978-0255365857.
Chapter

Pay and performance of players in sports leagues: international comparisons
Simmons, R., Frick, B. 2008 In: The Business of Sports, Vol.2. Westport : Praeger Publishers ISBN: 027599340X.
Chapter

The allocation of rewards in athletic contests
Simmons, R., Frick, B. 2008 In: The Business of Sports, Vol.2. Westport : Praeger Publishers p. 1-24. 24 p. ISBN: 027599340X.
Chapter

The abortion-crime link: evidence from England and Wales
Simmons, R., Kahane, L.H., Paton, D. 2008 In: Economica. 75, 297, p. 1-21. 21 p.
Journal article

Sentiment in the betting market on Spanish football
Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2008 In: Applied Economics. 40, 1, p. 119-126. 8 p.
Journal article

The impact of managerial quality on organizational performance: evidence from German soccer
Simmons, R., Frick, B. 2008 In: Managerial and Decision Economics. 29, 7, p. 593-600. 8 p.
Journal article

Overpaid athletes? Comparing American and European football
Simmons, R. 2007 In: Working USA. 10, 4, p. 457-471. 15 p.
Journal article

The allocation of rewards in athletic contests
Frick, B., Simmons, R. 2007 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Race and the evaluation of signal callers in the national football league
Berri, D., Simmons, R. 2007 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Does it pay to specialize? The story from the Gridiron
Simmons, R., Berri, D. 2007 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

A tale of two audiences: spectators, television viewers and outcome uncertainty in Spanish football
Buraimo, B., Simmons, R. 2007 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Determinants of UK box office success: the impact of quality signals
Elliott, C.F., Simmons, R. 2007 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Outcome uncertainty measures: how closely do they predict a close game?
Simmons, R., Buraimo, B., Forrest, D. 2007 In: Statistical Thinking in Sports. London : Chapman & Hall/CRC p. 167-178. 12 p. ISBN: 1584888687.
Chapter

Freedom of entry, market size and competitive outcome: evidence from English soccer
Buraimo, B., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2007 In: Southern Economic Journal. 74, 1, p. 204-213. 10 p.
Journal article

Broadcaster and audience demand for premier league football
Forrest, D., Simmons, R., Buraimo, B. 2006 In: The Economics of Sport and the Media. Cheltenham : Edward Elgar p. 93-105. 13 p. ISBN: 1845427432.
Chapter

The financial crisis in European football: an introduction
Lago, U., Simmons, R., Szymanski, S. 2006 In: Journal of Sports Economics. 7, 1, p. 3-12. 10 p.
Journal article

English football
Buraimo, B., Simmons, R., Szymanski, S. 2006 In: Journal of Sports Economics. 7, 1, p. 29-46. 18 p.
Journal article

Demand for spectator sports
Simmons, R. 2006 In: Handbook of the Economics of Sport. Cheltenham : Edward Elgar p. 77-89. 13 p. ISBN: 1843766086.
Chapter

Robust estimates of the impact of broadcasting on match attendance in football
Buraimo, B., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2006 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Market size and attendance in English Premier League football
Buraimo, B., Simmons, R. 2006 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

New issues in attendance demand: the case of the English football league
Simmons, R., Forrest, D. 2006 In: Journal of Sports Economics. 7, 3, p. 247-266. 20 p.
Journal article

Economics of gambling
Simmons, R. 2005 In: Economics Uncut: A Complete Guide to Life, Death and Misadventure. Cheltenham : Edward Elgar p. 367-388. 22 p. ISBN: 1843763621.
Chapter

Efficiency of the odds on English professional football matches
Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2005 In: Information Efficiency in Financial and Betting Markets. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press p. 330-338. 9 p. ISBN: 0521816033.
Chapter

The abortion-crime link: evidence from England and Wales
Kahane, L.H., Paton, D., Simmons, R. 2005 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Freedom of entry, market size and competitive outcome: evidence from English soccer
Forrest, D., Simmons, R., Buraimo, B. 2005 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

The relationship between betting and lottery play: a high frequency time-series analysis
Gulley, O.D., Simmons, R., Forrest, D. 2005 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

The impact of managerial quality on organizational performance: evidence from German soccer
Frick, B., Simmons, R. 2005 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Home advantage and the debate on competitive balance in professional sports leagues
Goddard, J., Beaumont, J., Simmons, R., Forrest, D. 2005 In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 23, 4, p. 439-445. 7 p.
Journal article

Odds-setters as forecasters: the case of the football betting market
Forrest, D., Goddard, J., Simmons, R. 2005 In: International Journal of Forecasting. 21, 3, p. 552-564. 13 p.
Journal article

Outcome uncertainty and the couch potato audience
Buraimo, B., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2005 In: Scottish Journal of Political Economy. 52, 3, p. 641-661. 21 p.
Journal article

Does worksharing work? Some empirical evidence from the IAB-Establishment panel
Simmons, R. 2005 In: Scottish Journal of Political Economy. 52, 2, p. 141-176. 36 p.
Journal article

New issues in attendance demand: the case of the English football league
Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2005 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Broadcasting, attendance and the inefficiency of cartels
Forrest, D., Szymanski, S., Simmons, R. 2004 In: Review of Industrial Organization. 24, 4, p. 243-265. 23 p.
Journal article

Substitution between different games of the UK national lottery
Gulley, O.D., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2004 In: Applied Economics. 36, 7, p. 645-651. 7 p.
Journal article

Outcome uncertainty and the couch potato audience
Buraimo, B., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2004 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

The impacts of human resource management practices and pay inequality on workers' job satisfaction
Petrescu, A.I., Simmons, R., Bradley, S. 2004 Lancaster University : The Department of Economics
Working paper

Efficiency in the handicap and index betting markets for English rugby league
Curran, A., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2003 In: The Economics of Gambling. London and New York : Routledge p. 114-134. 21 p. ISBN: 0-415-26091-4.
Chapter

Superstar effects in sport: evidence from Italian soccer
Lucifora, C., Simmons, R. 2003 In: Journal of Sports Economics. 4, 1, p. 35-55. 21 p.
Journal article

The minimum wage in an adverse selection economy
Sampson, A., Simmons, R. 2002 In: Oxford Economic Papers. 54, 1, p. 150 - 159. 10 p.
Journal article

Outcome uncertainty and attendance demand in sport: the case of English soccer
Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2002 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society - Series D: The Statistician. 51, 2, p. 229-241. 13 p.
Journal article

Buying a dream: alternative models of demand for lotto
Chesters, N., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2002 In: Economic Inquiry. 40, 3, p. 485 - 496. 12 p.
Journal article

A spatial cross-sectional model of elasticity of demand for soccer
Feehan, P., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2002 In: Scottish Journal of Political Economy. 49, 3, p. 336. 336 p.
Journal article

Team salaries and playing success in sports: a comparative perspective
Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2002 In: Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft. 72, 4
Journal article

Une perspective economique post-Bosman sur le marche des footballeurs europeens
Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2001 In: Sport et Union Europeenne. Lyon : Editions Juris Service p. 93-99. 7 p. ISBN: 291099208X.
Chapter

Friday may never be the same again: some results on work-sharing from union-firm bargaining models
Andrews, M.J., Simmons, R. 2001 In: Scottish Journal of Political Economy. 48, 5, p. 488-516. 29 p.
Journal article

How working time changes affect wages and employment
Simmons, R. 2001 In: Beitrage zur Arbeitsmarkt-und Berufsforschung. 25, 1
Journal article

Testing for rational expectations in the UK National Lottery
Gulley, O.D., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2000 In: Applied Economics. 32, 3, p. 315 - 326. 12 p.
Journal article

Forecasting sport: the behaviour and performance of football tipsters
Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2000 In: International Journal of Forecasting. 16, 3, p. 317-331. 15 p.
Journal article

Making up the results: the work of the football pools panel, 1963-1997
Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2000 In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society - Series D: The Statistician. 49, 2, p. 253-260. 8 p.
Journal article

Adverse selection when jobs are hard to do
Sampson, A., Simmons, R. 2000 In: Scottish Journal of Political Economy. 47, 3, p. 325. 325 p.
Journal article

Elasticity of demand for UK National Lottery tickets
Gulley, O.D., Forrest, D., Simmons, R. 2000 In: National Tax Journal. 53, 4, p. 853-864. 12 p.
Journal article